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Guide to Madison County, Ohio ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: London
Organized: March 1, 1810[1]
Parent County(s): Franklin[2]
Neighboring Counties
Union  • Franklin  • Pickaway  • Fayette  • Greene  • Clark  • Champaign
See County Maps
Courthouse
Madison County, Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Location Map
OH madison.png
Adoption

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for James Madison. It is located in the Mid-central area of the state.[3]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Madison County Courthouse
1 N Main St
London, OH 43140
Phone: 740-852-9776
Madison County Website

Probate Court has birth and death records 1867-1908,
marriage and probate records from 1810 and naturalization
records; County Health Department has birth records from
1908; County Recorder has land and military records; Clerk
Court has divorce and court records[4]

Madison County, Ohio Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[5]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1867 1810 1867 1810 1810 1810 1820
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1908. General compliance year is unknown.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county: [7]

Cities
Villages
Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places
Townships

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

For an extensive list of resources for Bible Records see Ohio Bible Records.

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Madison County, Ohio online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Ohio Cemeteries for more information.

 

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1810 1,603
1820 4,799 199.4%
1830 6,190 29.0%
1840 9,025 45.8%
1850 10,015 11.0%
1860 13,015 30.0%
1870 15,633 20.1%
1880 20,129 28.8%
1890 20,057 −0.4%
1900 20,590 2.7%
1910 19,902 −3.3%
1920 19,662 −1.2%
1930 20,253 3.0%
1940 21,811 7.7%
1950 22,300 2.2%
1960 26,454 18.6%
1970 28,318 7.0%
1980 33,004 16.5%
1990 37,068 12.3%
2000 40,213 8.5%
2010 43,435 8.0%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Ohio denominations, see Ohio Church Records.

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Ohio Land and Property for additional information about early Ohio land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for this county. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see Ohio Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Union CountyChampaign CountyClark CountyGreene CountyFayette CountyPickaway CountyFranklin CountyOH MADISON.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War
Civil War service men from Madison County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment)that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed with men from Madison County.

- 1st Regiment, Ohio Cavalry, Company K
- 113th Regiment , Companies A and G

World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Madison County newspapers often contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

For more Ohio newspaper information see Ohio Newspapers and Obituaries.

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. After 1852, records are held by the Madison County Probate Court. Records include wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only). The records may give the decedent's date of death, name of spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

See Ohio Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Online Probate Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Ohio tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Marriages were usually recorded from the formation of the county and are held at the office of the County Probate Court. Divorce records are located with the county Clerk of Courts.

Any existing birth and death records from 1867 through December 19, 1908 are located at the County Probate Court. The Ohio Department of Health has birth records filed after December 20, 1908 and death records filed after January 1, 1954, while the Ohio History Connection houses death records from December 20, 1908 through December 31, 1953.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Madison County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Madison County. For state-wide library facilities, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Hurt/Battelle Memorial Library
270 Lilly Chapel Rd
West Jefferson, OH 43162-1202
614-879-8448
Website

London Public Library
20 E First St
London, OH 43140-1200
740-852-9543
Website

Mount Sterling Public Library
60 W Columbus St
Mt. Sterling, OH 43143-1236
740-869-2430
Email: sterlinglibrary60@yahoo.com
Website

Plain City Public Library
305 W Main St
Plain City, OH 43064-1148
614-873-4912
Website

Museums[edit | edit source]

Madison County Historical Society
260 E High St
London, OH 43140
740-852-2977
Website

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Madison County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Ohio Societies.

Madison County Genealogical Society
20 South Walnut Street, Room #9
P.O. Box 102
London, Ohio 43140-0102
740-852-0232
Website

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. ‘’Ohio Atlas of Historical County Boundaries;’’ Ohio: Individual County Chronologies; Copyright The Newberry Library 2007
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Madison County, Ohio Genealogy and History”, http://genealogytrails.com/ohio/madison/ accessed 2/22/2017.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Madison County, Ohio," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madison_County,_Ohio, accessed 27 December 2018.