Uintah and Ouray Indian Agency (Utah)
|Native American Topics|
|Bureau of Indian Affairs|
Indian Tribes Associated With This Agency[edit | edit source]
History[edit | edit source]
The Uintah and Ouray Agency was established in the Uintah Valley in 1865. It was a continuation of the earlier Spanish Fork-Uintah Valley Agency. Several agents operated under the Utah Superintendency from 1849 to 1870, when the Superintendency was abolished. By 1869, the Uintah Valley Agency was the only one left in Utah and it reported directly to the Office of Indian Affairs in Washington, DC. The name was changed to Uintah and Ouray Agency in 1886.
The Uintah and Ouray Agency primarily had jurisdiction for the Uinta, White River, and Uncompahgre (Tabaquache) Ute Indians. In 1939, the Paiute Agency was also assigned to the Uintah and Ouray Agency.
Special Agent[edit | edit source]
Eugene E. White  FHL book 973 B4w v.29
Records[edit | edit source]
The majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies. Some records may be available to tribal members through the tribal headquarters.They were (and are) the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:
- Allotment records
- Annuity rolls
- Census records
- Health records
- School census and records
- Vital records
A few of the records of the Uintah and Ouray Agency, 1897-1989, have been transferred to the Rocky Mountain Regional Archives of the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) in Denver. These records are primarily administrative files regarding financial matters, but there are some other records of particular value to family history researchers, including:
- Registers of Indian Families, 1904-1905
- Allotment Records, 1905-1941
- Health Registers, 1920-1935
- Annuity Rolls, 1921-1949
- Births and Deaths, 1922-1927
Reports of Inspection of the Field Jurisdictions of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1873-1900 have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of Microcopy Number M1070. The reports for Uintah and Ouray Agency, 1886-1900, are on roll 54 of that Microcopy set. Copies are available at the National Archives, their Regional Archives, and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their microfilm roll number 1617727). Reports exist for the Uintah Agency, 1882-1883 and for the Ouray Agency, 1883-1887, as well.
The 1900 federal census included population schedules for the Uintah Valley Indian Reservation. The census includes the non-Indian employees of the Uintah and Ouray Agency, as well as many pages of Indian Population Schedules for the native population of the Reservation. They are recorded as District 210, Uintah Valley Reservation, in Uintah County, Utah.
Microfilm copies of ...Narrative and Statistical Reports... for the Uintah and Ouray Agency, 1907-1935, are included in National Archives Microcopy M1011, Rolls 158-59, available in the National Archives system and in the collections of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City (their microfilm numbers 1724376-1724377.
Annual Indian Census Rolls were taken at this agency for 1885-1889, 1891-1892, 1894-1940, and 1942-1944. These rolls have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of their Microcopy Number M595, rolls 608 thru 615. Copies of these records are also available at the National Archives, their Regional Archives, and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their microfilm numbers 583067-583074). These census rolls are also available online at Ancestry.com's subscription web site.
Records Available through the Family History Library[edit | edit source]
Vital Records from Indian Census Rolls - above
- Birth and Death records 1924-1932 FHL film 583072
- Census and genealogical records, 1835-1946. FHL Film: 1033685 Item 6
- 1944 Census FHL film: 001761
- Family Records of Uintah and White River Utes, 1867-1948. FHL Film: 1035932 Item 3 or Book: 970.3 Ut2f
- Land Division 1953. FHL film: 001762
- Proposed Membership Rolls 1955. FHL Book:970.1 Al no. 38
- School Records 1916-1954. FHL Film: 1275619 items 5-6 and 1275620 items 1-4
- Vital Records Pre 1953. FHL Film: 001763-001769 or FHL Book: 970.3 Ut2v
References[edit | edit source]
- Experiences of a Special Indian Agent. by E.E. White University of Oklahoma Press, Norman OK
- American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
- Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
- Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
- Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
- Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online
- "Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.