Thuringia (Thüringen) Historical Geography

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Historical Background[edit | edit source]

Today the Free State of Thuringia is a country of the Federal Republic of Germany. During the time of the German Empire, it did not exist as a coherent territory. It was just a "landscape" or a geographical "area". The name was taken up in 1920, when eight Free States were united into the state of Thuringia.

Maps[edit | edit source]

The Thuringian States in the 1871 German Empire

800px-THUERINGEN.png

Modern State of Thuringia (Thüringen) Kreise (Counties)

Thuringia, administrative divisions.png

Research Before 1945[edit | edit source]

Germany was first unified as a nation in 1871. For German research prior to 1945, the Research Wiki, FamilySearch Catalog, and FamilySearch Historical Records are organized by the place names in use from 1871 to 1945.

1871 Region

History and Background

Geo-Political Differences Today
FamilySearch Catalog
(organized by 1871 Meyer's Gazetteer)
Wiki Page

Instructions for Research Before 1945

Reuss-Greiz or Older Line (Reuss ältere Linie)

1920: Became part of the current state of Thuringia (Thüringen), which was dissolved in 1952, and re-established in 1990. (Map)

Reuss ältere Linie

Reuss Younger Line (jüngere Linie)

1920: Became part of the current state of Thuringia (Thüringen), which was dissolved in 1952, and re-established in 1990. (Map)

Reuss jüngere Linie

Saxe-Altenburg (Sachsen-Altenburg)

1920: Became part of the current state of Thuringia (Thüringen), which was dissolved in 1952, and re-established in 1990. (Map)

Saxe-Altenburg (Sachsen-Altenburg)

Saxony (Sachsen)-Coburg-Gotha 

1945: Saxe-Coburg merged into Bavaria. Saxe-Gotha merged into Thuringia. (Map)

Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha

Saxe -Meiningen 

1920: Became part of the current state of Thuringia (Thüringen), which was dissolved in 1952, and re-established in 1990. (Map)

Sachsen-Meiningen 

Saxe (Sachsen)-Weimar-Eisenach 

1920: Became part of the current state of Thuringia (Thüringen), which was dissolved in 1952, and re-established in 1990. (Map)

Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach 

Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt 

1920: Became part of the current state of Thuringia (Thüringen), which was dissolved in 1952, and re-established in 1990. (Map)

Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt

Schwarzburg-Sondershausen

1920: Became part of the current state of Thuringia (Thüringen), which was dissolved in 1952, and re-established in 1990. (Map)

Schwarzburg-Sondershausen