Sumter County, Georgia Genealogy

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Guide to Sumter County, Georgia ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Americus
Organized: December 26, 1831
Parent County(s): Lee[1]
Neighboring Counties
Crisp  • Dooly  • Lee  • Macon  • Marion  • Schley  • Terrell  • Webster
See County Maps
Courthouse
Sumter County Court House Americus, Georgia.jpg
Location Map
Georgia Sumter County Map.png
Adoption

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named for former General and United States senator Thomas Sumter (1734–1832) of South Carolina. when the county was organized, Sumter was ninety-seven years old and the last surviving general of the American Revolution. The County is located in the west central area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Sumter County Courthouse
PO Box 295
Americus, GA 31709-0295
Phone: 912-924-3090
Sumter County Website

County Health Department has birth, death and burial records.
Probate Court has marriage and probate records.
Clerk Superior Court has divorce, court and land records from 1831.[3]

Sumter County, Georgia Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1919 1831 1919 1831 1831 1831 1820
Statewide registration of births and death began in 1919. General compliance for births by 1928 and deaths by 1922.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.[5]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

  • 1831 Sumter County was created 26 December 1831 from Lee County.
  • County seat: Americus[6]

For animated maps illustrating Georgia county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Georgia County Boundary Maps" (1758-1932) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[7]\

Cities
Towns
Unincorporated communities
Ghost towns


History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Sumter, Georgia online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Georgia Cemeteries for more information

The following web site may have additional information on Sumter County cemeteries.

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1840 5,759
1850 10,322 79.2%
1860 9,428 −8.7%
1870 16,559 75.6%
1880 18,239 10.1%
1890 22,107 21.2%
1900 26,212 18.6%
1910 29,092 11.0%
1920 29,640 1.9%
1930 26,800 −9.6%
1940 24,502 −8.6%
1950 24,208 −1.2%
1960 24,652 1.8%
1970 26,931 9.2%
1980 29,360 9.0%
1990 30,228 3.0%
2000 33,200 9.8%
2010 32,819 −1.1%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Georgia denominations, see the Georgia Church Records wiki page.
List of Churches and Church Parishes

Mount Zion Church

  • 1797, 1828-1880 Mount Zion Church Baptism Index 1797, 1828-1880. Batch C713731 at FamilySearch
  • 1836-1956 Mount Zion Church Marriage Index 1836-1956. Batch M713731 at FamilySearch

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Georgia Land and Property for additional information about early Georgia land grants from the government. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions (generally buying and selling deeds) were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Sumter County, Georgia Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Georgia Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Marion CountySchley CountyMacon CountyDooly CountyCrisp CountyLee CountyTerrell CountyWebster CountyGA SUMTER.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War

Online Records

Regiments. Service men in Sumter County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Sumter County:

- 4th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Company K
- 9th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Company K
- 10th Battalion, Georgia Infantry (Confederate)
- 12th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Company A
- 64th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate) , Company H


  • Georgia. Court of Ordinary (Sumter County). 1961. Confederate soldiers and widows pension rolls, 1903-1952. Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah. Film 231664
  • Andersonville, Georgia. Andersonville Prisoner of War Database. Andersonville, GA, USA: National Park Service, Andersonville National Historic Site. Digital version at Ancestry ($)
  • Clavreul, H. Diary of Rev. H. Clavreul: With the Names of Dying Federal Soldiers to Whom He Ministered at Andersonville, Ga. July and August, 1864. Waterbury, Conn.: Connecticut Association of Ex-prisoners of War, 1910. Digital version at Ancestry ($)

World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Voting Records

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Colonial courts kept some early probate records.  From 1777 to 1798 and since 1852, the court of ordinary or register of probates has kept probate and guardianship records.  The inferior court handled probate and guardianship matters from 1798 to 1852.

Many probate records to the 1930s and 1940s are at the Georgia Department of Archives and History and the Family History Library on microfilm.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (not all years).

Online Probate Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and all slaves up to age 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Georgia State Department of Health , the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online.

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Georgia.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

  • National Society of Andersonville
    PO Box 65
    Andersonville, GA 31711
    Phone: 229-924-7228
  • Southwest Georgia Genealogical Society
    PO Box 4672
    Albany, GA 31706
    Website
  • Sumter Historic Trust
    318 East Church Street
    Americus, GA 31709
    Phone: 229-924-1163
    Website

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Georgia.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Sumter County, Georgia" in https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sumter_County,_Georgia accessed 5 Nov 2018
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Georgia.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Sumter County, Georgia. Page 151-163 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 155-160.
  5. Paul K. Graham, Georgia Courthouse Disasters (Decatur, Georgia: Genealogy Co., 2013), 52-53. At various libraries (WorldCat).
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Georgia.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "sumter_County,_Georgia," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/sumter_County,_Georgia#Cities_and_communities, accessed 1 August 2016.
  8. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/images/5/53/Igigeorgiamz.pdf.