St Mary Cray, Kent Genealogy

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St Mary Cray

Guide to St Mary Cray, Kent ancestry, family history, and genealogy: parish register transcripts, census records, birth records, marriage records, and death records.

St Mary Cray, Kent
St Mary Cray St Mary Kent.jpg
St Mary Cray St Mary Kent
Type Chapelry
Civil Jurisdictions
Hundred Ruxley
County Kent
Poor Law Union Bromley
Registration District Bromley
Records begin
Parish registers: 1579; For more records see Orpington
Bishop's Transcripts: 1670
Ecclesiastical Jurisdictions
Rural Deanery Shoreham
Diocese Pre-1845 - Rochester; Post-1844 - Canterbury
Province Canterbury
Legal Jurisdictions
Probate Court Pre-1845 - Court of the Peculiar of the Archbishop of Canterbury in the Deaneries of Arches, Croydon and Shoreham; Post-1844 - Search the courts of surrounding parishes
Location of Archive
Kent Record Office

Parish History[edit | edit source]

CRAY (St. Mary), a parish, in the union of Bromley, hundred of Ruxley, lathe of Sutton-at-Hone, W division of Kent, 2 miles S by W from Foots Cray. [1]

St Mary Cray is a district in the London Borough of Bromley, formerly a village and civil parish known as South Cray and has a local tradition of Romany and traveller families. St Mary Cray Wikipedia

St Mary the Virgin St Mary Cray was originally formed as a chapelry of Orpington, Kent in the Diocese of Rochester; a map of the parish boundary is available at:

The church of St Mary the Virgin High Street St Mary Cray has been designated as a grade B listed building British listed building

See Edward Hasted, The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 2 (1797), pp. 112-125 at British History Online and Kent Churches website

Crockenhill All Souls was built 1851-1852 as a chapel of ease and later parish in Eynsford, Kent and this parish; a map of the parish boundary is available at A church near you See also Kent Churches website.

Other places of worship include:

St Joseph Roman Catholic High Street

Baptist: (1869-pre.1928).
Baptist: Zion. (1887-pre.1928)

Congregational: The Temple, High St. (1851).

Resources[edit | edit source]

Civil Registration[edit | edit source]

See Bromley Registration district

Birth, marriages and deaths were kept by the government, from July 1837 to the present day. The civil registration article tells more about these records. There are several Internet sites with name lists or indexes. A popular site is FreeBMD.

Church Records[edit | edit source]

St Mary Cray parish registers of christenings, marriages and burials are available online for the following years:

BIVRI = British Isles Vital Records Index (Ancestry) - (£)[2]
FS BTs = England, Kent, Bishop's Transcripts (FamilySearch) - free[3]
FS PRs = England, Kent, Parish Registers (FamilySearch) - free[4]
IGI = International Genealogical Index (FamilySearch) - free[5]
KOPC = Kent Online Parish Clerks - free[6]
St Mary Cray Online Parish Records


Indexes Images Indexes Images Indexes Images
BIVRI 1580-1874

FS BTs 1813-1816, 1857 1813-1816, 1857 1813-1816, 1857
FS PRs 1579-1874 1579-1837 1579-1863
IGI 1579-1874 1580-1837
KOPC 1700-1901

Deposited Parish registers are held at Bromley Archives reference P 277B

Bromley Central Library
Telephone: 020 8461 7170
Fax: 020 8466 7860

Land Tax[edit | edit source]

Images for Cray St Mary available at FamilySearch Records see England, Kent, Land Tax Assessments - FamilySearch Historical Records 1780-1831
Images for this collection are derived from 1987 microfilming

Land tax assessment for St. Mary's Cray, 1780-1831 Family History Library BRITISH Film 1469936 Item 7

Non-Conformists (All other Religions)[edit | edit source]

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Census returns for St Mary Cray 1841-1891

FamilySearch Records includes collections of census indexes which can be searched online for free. In addition FamilySearch Centres offer free access to images of the England and Wales Census through FHC Portal Computers here have access to the Family History Centre Portal page which gives free access to premium family history software and websites that generally charge for subscriptions.

Images of the census for 1841-1891 can be viewed in census collections at Ancestry (fee payable) or Find My Past (fee payable).

The 1851 census of England and Wales attempted to identify religious places of worship in addition to the household survey census returns.

Local Family History Centre[edit | edit source]

Poor Law Unions[edit | edit source]

A parish workhouse existed at St Mary Cray; the burials register contains reference to residents until the opening of the Union workhouse at Locks Bottom. Presumably the burial entry "John Scudder St Mary Cray Union House 26 December 1860 age 72" refers to the Union workhouse at Locks Bottom. The workhouse is also referred to in the 1836 minutes of the Board of Guardians and received some transfers from the Cudham Workhouse at Leaves Green, for further information see:

In the Orpington Vestry minutes P277/8/2 1808-1847 held at Bromley Public Libraries, Local Studies and Archives there is both reference to the purchase of clothing for poor from interest on parish stock in 1814 with the parish giving up possession of poor house, 1815 and establishing a joint workhouse with St. Mary Cray, Orpington parish providing £900, 1815-1816.
At about this time the St Mary Cray burial register shows burials from St Mary Cray Poor House.
The Orpington Vestry Minutes of 3 March 1816 refer to the workhouse to be built on land "near Reynoldsmiths in the parish of St Mary Cray".

Reynolds Smith was a hamlet in St Mary Cray parish close to the parish boundary with Orpington parish and also contained the Red Lion public house.

The workhouse and garden appear as item 46 on the St Mary Cray Tithe Map 1839/40 and the Occupier appears as Samuel Chinock, presumably the master.

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Records of wills, administrations, inventories, indexes, etc. were filed by the court with jurisdiction over this parish. Go to Kent Probate Records to find the name of the court having primary jurisdiction. Scroll down in the article to the section Court Jurisdictions by Parish.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Maps are a visual look at the locations in England. Gazetteers contain brief summaries about a place.

Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Lewis, Samuel A.,A Topographical Dictionary of England (1848), pp. 717-720. Date accessed: 22 July 2013.
  2. 'British Isles Vital Records Index - 2nd Ed. Breakdown of Records', Genoot, accessed 7 November 2013.
  3. 'England, Kent, Bishop's Transcripts, 1560-1911,' FamilySearch, accessed 11 November 2013.
  4. 'England, Kent, Parish Registers, 1538-1911,' FamilySearch, accessed 13 November 2013.
  5. Hugh Wallis, 'IGI Batch Numbers for Kent, England,' IGI Batch Numbers, accessed 13 November 2013.
  6. Kent Online Parish Clerks, accessed 20 November 2013.