Spencer County, Indiana Genealogy

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Guide to Spencer County, Indiana ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Rockport
Organized: January 10, 1818
Parent County(s): Warrick, Perry[1]
Neighboring Counties
Perry  • Dubois  • Warrick  • Daviess (KY)  • Hancock (KY)
See County Maps
Indiana, Spencer County Courthouse.png
Location Map
Indiana, Spencer County Locator Map.png
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County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

Spencer County was named for Captain Spier Spencer, killed at the Battle of Tippecanoe in 1811. The county is located in the south-central area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Spencer County Courthouse
200 Main Street
Rockport, IN 47635-1478
Phone: 812-649-6027
County Website

Spencer County Health Department
200 Main Street, Room 1
Rockport, IN, 47635
Health Officer: Stanley Tretter, MD
Phone Number: 812-649-4441
Fax: 812-649-6047
Email: detienne@spencercountyhealth.com
Health Department

County Health Department has birth records from 1882 and death records from 1882.
Cemetery trustees have burial records.
County Clerk has marriage records from 1818, divorce and court records from 1883, probate records from 1848 and naturalization records 1852-1929.
County Recorder has land records. [3]
Health Department has birth records and death records.
Copies may be obtained from the county health department or the Indiana State Division of Vital Records.

Spencer County, Indiana Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1882 1818 1882 1883 1818 1848 1807
*Statewide registration for births in 1907 and deaths in Oct 1899. General compliance by 1917.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

September 1833 -- Courthouse burned and many records were damaged. Marriage and deed records were saved.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[7]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

  • All of the family biographies from the 1885 History of Warrick, Spencer and Perry Counties, Indiana, from the earliest time to the present : together with interesting biographical sketches, reminiscences, notes, etc, by Goodspeed are available free online at: FamilySearch Digital Library; My Genealogy Hound .

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Spencer County, Indiana online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Indiana Cemeteries for more information.


Census Records[edit | edit source]

For tips on accessing Spencer County census records online, see: Indiana Census.

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1820 1,882
1830 3,196 69.8%
1840 6,305 97.3%
1850 8,616 36.7%
1860 14,556 68.9%
1870 17,998 23.6%
1880 22,122 22.9%
1890 22,060 −0.3%
1900 22,407 1.6%
1910 20,676 −7.7%
1920 18,400 −11.0%
1930 16,713 −9.2%
1940 16,211 −3.0%
1950 16,174 −0.2%
1960 16,074 −0.6%
1970 17,134 6.6%
1980 19,361 13.0%
1990 19,490 0.7%
2000 20,391 4.6%
2010 20,952 2.8%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Most church records are held by individual churches. For contact information, check a phone directory, such as SearchBug or Dex Knows. Some denominations are gathering their records into a central repository. For more information about these major repositories, see Indiana Church Records.

Mary Help of Christians Parish, Mariah Hill

St. Bernard Parish, Rockport

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents. See Indiana Land and Property for additional information about early Indiana land grants and patents.

After land was transferred from the government to private ownership, subsequent transactions were recorded at the Spencer County courthouse, where records are currently housed.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Spencer County. County histories may include biographies; church, school and government histories; and military information. For more information about local histories, see Indiana Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Dubois CountyPerry CountyWarrick CountyHancock CountyDaviess County250
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War
Civil War service men from Spencer County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Spencer County.

Civil War Books:

  • "Military History" Chapter 7 in History of Warrick, Spencer and Perry Counties, Indiana, from the earliest time to the present; together with interesting biographical sketches, reminiscences, notes, etc. (1973. Evansville, Ind: Unigraphic.) Online at: FamilySearch Digital Library; Internet Archive

World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Indiana newspapers may contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

For more Indiana newspaper information see the wiki page Indiana Newspapers.

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

In most counties in Indiana, probate records have been kept by the county clerk of the circuit court. They include wills, fee books, claim registers, legacy records, inheritance records, probate ticklers, and dockets. The records are available at the Spencer County courthouse. For more information, see Indiana Probate Records.

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Indiana tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information see the wiki page Indiana Taxation.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Indiana law in 1882 required registration of births and deaths in counties. The Indiana Department of Health has birth records filed after October 1907 and death records filed after January 1900 for deaths. Copies may be obtained from the county health department or the Indiana State Division of Vital Records.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Spencer County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Indiana Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Owensboro Kentucky Family History Center
2390 Hwy 60 E
Owensboro KY 42303
Phone: 270-685-3396
Email: KY_Owensboro@familyhistorymail.org

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Spencer County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Indiana Archives and Libraries.

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Spencer County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Indiana Societies.

Spencer County Historical Society
210 Walnut Street
Rockport, IN 47635-1398
Phone: 812-649-4866

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Spencer County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spencer_County,_Indiana accessed 04/03/2017.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Indiana.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Indiana.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Indiana.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Spencer County, Indiana" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spencer_County,_Indiana (accessed 10 May 2012).
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Spencer County, Indiana," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spencer_County%2C_Indiana, accessed 06 January 2020.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/images/8/8d/Igiindianah.pdf.