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=== Services of Heirs ===
Land could not be passed to an heir through a probate document or will until 1868. When lands were to be handed over to an heir, services of heirs documents were created through the following process:
* A chancery court issued a brieve (document) to summon the local sheriffs to hold a jury trial.* The jury would determine who was the legal heir.* * The jury returned (retoured) their verdict to the chancery.* The chancery commissioned the sheriff to grant possession of the land to the heir and collect the fee payable to the crown.
Most people in Scotland did not own property*If necessary, but an inquest was also held to determine a tutor to administer the service affairs of  minor heirs records can be very useful if your ancestors owned their own land or houses. Some families can be traced for several generations through these records.
Inheritance land transactions should also appear Most people in registers Scotland did not own property, but the service of [[sasines]], especially after 1617heirs records can be very useful if your ancestors owned their own land or houses. Some families can be traced for several generations through these records.
"Special" services of heirs deal with specific Inheritance land to be inherited. "General" services transactions should also appear in registers of heirs mention inheritances but not specific lands[[Sasines]], especially after 1617.
'''Indexes.''' Annotated ten-year indexes are in print for service There were two main types of heir records created between 1700 and 1860. After 1860, there are annual indexes. Both the Scottish Record Office and the Family History Library have these indexes.services:
From 1700 *"Special" services of heirs deal with specific land to 1959 the indexes are in book form (FHL book Q 941 R2ch). These indexes are very valuable because they give more information than just name and page. The information can help you decide if a certain service be inherited*"General" services of heir is really the one you want. The actual records are difficult to read because they are in Latin. From 1700 to 1860, the indexes are on microfilm (FHL film 990340).heirs mention inheritances but not specific lands
'''Availability of Records.''' The Scottish Record Office has the original service of heir records. The Family History Library also has microfilm copies of original records from 1586 to 1901. Each volume is indexed. To find the microfilm numbers, look in the Locality Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:
SCOTLAND - LAND AND PROPERTY
The Family History Library has printed abstracts of services to heirs from 1544 to 1700, in ''Inquisition ad capellam domini regis refornatarum abbreviatio'Indexes.'' [Scotland]: n.p' Annotated ten-year indexes are in print for service of heir records created between 1700 and 1860.After 1860, 1811-1816there are annual indexes. (FHL book Q 941 A2i; film 908847.) These records are in LatinBoth the Scottish Record Office and the Family History Library have these indexes.
From 1700 to 1959 the indexes are in book form (FHL book Q 941 R2ch). These indexes are very valuable because they give more information than just name and page. The following book will be of special interest for people in North America using Scottish information can help you decide if a certain service of heir is really the one you want. The actual records:are difficult to read because they are in Latin. From 1700 to 1860, the indexes are on microfilm (FHL film 990340).
Dobson, David'''Availability of Records. ''' The Scottish American Heirs 1683-1883''Record Office has the original service of heir records. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing CoThe Family History Library also has microfilm copies of original records from 1586 to 1901., IncEach volume is indexed.To find the microfilm numbers, 1990. (FHL book 941 D2d.) This work names every Scot who is listed look in the service Locality Search of heirs records who has a North American tie.the Family History Library Catalog under:
SCOTLAND - LAND AND PROPERTY  The Family History Library has printed abstracts of services to heirs from 1544 to 1700, in ''Inquisition ad capellam domini regis refornatarum abbreviatio.'' [Scotland]: n.p., 1811-1816. (FHL book Q 941 A2i; film 908847.) These records are in Latin.  The following book will be of special interest for people in North America using Scottish service of heir records:  Dobson, David. ''Scottish American Heirs 1683-1883''. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1990. (FHL book 941 D2d.) This work names every Scot who is listed in the service of heirs records who has a North American tie.  {| style="width: 766px; height: 681px" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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<span>&nbsp;</span>&lt;center&gt;<span>&nbsp;Time Period</span><center></center>
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<span>&nbsp;</span>
<center><span>Kept by</span></center>
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<span>&nbsp;</span>
<center><span>Records</span></center>
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<span>&nbsp;</span>
<center><span>Availability</span></center>
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<span>&nbsp;</span>  <span>1530,</span>
<span>15301544-1700</span>
<span>&nbsp;</span>
<span>&nbsp;</span>
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<span>&nbsp;</span> <span>Chancery</span>
<span>&nbsp;</span>
<span>&nbsp;</span>
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<span>Summary &amp; Index Retours&nbsp;</span>
<span>Summary &amp; Index Retours <span>&nbsp;</span>Printed Abstracts (1530in Latin) – called--1700)</span>
<span>Printed Abstracts (in Latin) – called--</span> ''<span>Inquisitionum an Capellum Regis Retornatarum Abbreviato</span>''(volume 3 contains the index to volumes 1 &amp; 2)
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<span>&nbsp;</span> <span>NAS; FHL</span>
*<span>NAS; FHL British Q 941 <span>&nbsp;</span>A2i , 3 vols.&nbsp;&amp; film 908847</span> *<span>Also available for purchase on CD from [http://www.scotsgenealogy.com www.scotsgenealogy.com] (Scotland Genealogical Society (SGS)</span>
<span><span>&nbsp;</span></span>
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<span>&nbsp;</span> <span>1700-1959</span>
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<span>&nbsp;</span>
<span>Chancery</span>
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<span>&nbsp;</span> <span>Retours (each volume indexed)</span>
<span>Indexes 1700-1959</span>
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<span>&nbsp;</span> *<span>NAS; FHL (1700-1901)</span> *<span>NAS; FHL British Q 941 R2ch, 14 vols.</span>*<span>Also available for purchase on CD from SGS listed above</span>
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*<span /><span>NAS; (CS345)</span>*<span>FHL book 941 P2scs, vols. 31-130 (1855-1955)</span>*<span>FHL film 1441082</span>-1441099
<span>&nbsp;</span>
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<span>NAS; FHL fiche 6068606(102 fiche)</span>
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<span>&nbsp;</span>
<span>1586-1901</span>
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<span>&nbsp;</span>
<span>Chancery</span>
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<span>&nbsp;</span>
<span>Retours--Each volume indexed</span>
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<span>&nbsp;</span>
<span>NAS; FHL film 231260</span>
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Note: Also found in Sheriff Courts, Regality Courts and Burgh Courts.
An excellent guide to these records is produced by the National Archives of Scotland and can be found at: http://www.nas.gov.uk/guides/inheriting.asp
[[Category:Scotland]]
Reviewer, editor, pagecreator
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