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[[Cherokee Indians|Cherokee]], [[Chickasaw Indians|Chickasaw]], [[Choctaw Indians|Choctaw]], [[Creek Indians|Creek]], [[Seminole Indians|Seminole]], and some [[Delaware Indians|Delaware]] and [[Shawnee Indians|Shawnee]]
[[Oklahoma, Applications for Enrollment of the Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes (- FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
== History ==
The Five Civilized Tribes Agency was created in 1914 by the consolidation of the [[Union Indian Agency (Oklahoma)|Union Agency]] and the Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes ([[Dawes Commission Enrollment Records for Five U.S. Indian Tribes|Dawes Commission]]). The Dawes Commission had been appointed in 1893 to exchange tribal lands for individual allotments. The Curtis Act (30 Stat. 495) of 1898 set forth the conditions for enrollment, allotments, jurisdictions of Federal courts, creation of townsitestown sites, leasing of mineral rights, etc.
The Five Civilized Tribes Agency had district or field offices in Ardmore, Durant, Holdenville, Okmulgee, Stilwell, Vinita, and Wewoka. Several of these district offices, established in 1908, maintained separate records from the main body of agency records.
The Five Civilized Tribes Agency was absorbed by the Muskogee Area Office in 1948<ref>Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981, pp. 168-170.</ref>.
== Records ==
 
The '''majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies'''. Some records may be available to tribal members through the tribal headquarters.They were (and are) the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:<br>
 
*[[American Indian Allotment Records|Allotment records]]
*[[American Indian Annuity Rolls|Annuity rolls]]
*[[American Indian Census Rolls|Census records]]
*[[American Indian Correspondence and Reports|Correspondence]]
*[[American Indian Health Records|Health records]]
*[[American Indian Correspondence and Reports|Reports]]
*[[American Indian School Records|School census and records]]
*[[American Indian Vital Records Supplements in Census Rolls|Vital records]]
Many of the [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html#75.19.26 historical records of this agency] are housed in the [[National Archives Southwest Region (Ft. Worth)]], and in the Oklahoma Historical Society in Oklahoma City<ref>Guide to Federal Records, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Record Group 75. [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html Available online].</ref>.
*Arstrong Academy (Choctaw)
*Wheeler Academy (Choctaw)
*[[Euchee_Indian_School_Euchee Indian School (Oklahoma)|Euchee Boarding School]] (Creek)
In the Oklahoma Historical Society, there are many more records of the Five Civilized Tribes, including:
*and many other administrative and financial records.
'''Wiki articles describing online collections are found at'''  *[[Oklahoma, Applications for Enrollment to the Five Civilized Tribes - FamilySearch Historical Records|Oklahoma Applications for Enrollment of the Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes - FamilySearch Historical Records]] *[[Oklahoma Applications for Allotment, Five Civilized Tribes - FamilySearch Historical Records|Oklahoma Applications for Allotment, Five Civilized Tribes - FamilySearch Historical Records]] == <br>References ==
<references />
*''American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications''. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.

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