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Portuguese is the official and national language of Brazil[6] and is widely spoken by most of the population. The Portuguese dialects spoken in Brazil are collectively known as Brazilian Portuguese. The Brazilian Sign Language also has official status at the federal level. As of 2019, the population of Brazil speaks or signs approximately 228 languages, of which 217 are indigenous and 11 came with immigrants. <ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Languages of Brazil," in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'',, accessed 2 March 2021.</ref>
Because of the importance of the Roman Catholic Church to Brazil’s history, you may find several other languages in Brazilian records. These include Latin, German, Italian, Polish, and other languages of European ethnic immigrants. Also, some records may be in Japanese.
Portuguese grammar may affect the way names appear in genealogical records. For help in understanding name variations, see [[Brazil Names, Personal]].  Many Amerindian minority languages are spoken throughout Brazil, mostly in Northern Brazil. [ see more details on Indigenous languages] <ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Languages of Brazil," in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'',, accessed 2 March 2021.</ref> 
==Word List(s)==
Most materials used in Brazilian research are written in Portuguese, but you do not need to speak or read Portuguese to do research in Brazilian records. However, you will need to know some key words and phrases to understand the records.
For word list and help researching in Brazilian records, see:
*[[Portuguese Genealogical Word List]]   
==Alphabet and Pronunciation==
The Brazilian spelling of Portuguese is distinct from that of other Portuguese-speaking countries and is uniform across the country. With the implementation of the Orthographic Agreement of 1990, the orthographic norms of Brazil and Portugal have been largely unified, but still have some minor differences. Brazil enacted these changes in 2009 and Portugal enacted them in 2012. <ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Languages of Brazil," in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'',, accessed 2 March 2021.</ref>
Brazilian Portuguese (spoken in Brazil) and European Portuguese (spoken in many countries in Europe, including Portugal) are the two main types. [ Read this article to better understand the key differences]
==Language Aids and Dictionaries==
==Additional Resources==
'''Study and Teaching Aids'''
* Michael M Gruneberg, '''''Instant Recall Portuguese''''', (Chicago, Ill. : McGraw-Hill): 2010. [ Available at WorldCat]
* Charles Berlitz, '''''Portuguese''''', (Washington, D.C. : Educational Services): 1995. [ Available at WorldCat]
'''Reading Aids'''
* Reading Braziian Records in Portuguese - Part 6 of 8 in a series on Brazil Research with the Wiki. [ Access the lesson]
* BYU Script Tutorial: Making sense of old handwriting, '''The Portuguese Script Tutorial''', [ Access the tutorial]
* [ Reading Aid for Brazilian Birth Certificates]
* [ Reading Aid for Brazilian Marriage Certificates]
* [ Reading Aid for Brazilian Death Certificates]
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