| link1=[[Russia Genealogy|Russia]]
== About Archives
Archives collect and preserve original documents created by organizations such as churches or governments. Libraries generally collect published books, maps, microfilms, and other sources. This section describes major repositories of Russia’s genealogical and historical records. When you need the address of an archive or library, look in this section.
The problem remains that many of these records are handwritten in the old Russian alphabet. You will need language skill depending on the area you research. Primarily you will need to know Russian. Other major languages of the records are Polish, German and Latin. You will need to determine the proper spelling of place names and determine the correct place if there are locations with the same name. Needless to say, these records are very difficult to read and translate. Unless you are skilled in reading old Russian, this is a good reason to use a local research service such as [http://www.feefhs.org/members/blitz/frgblitz.html BLITZ].
== Archives ==
Russian State Historical Archive, St. Petersburg
Central Archive of Ancient Acts, Moscow
== Types of Records ==
Some of the types of records that can be accessed in the archives of the former Soviet Union are listed below:
Call number is => '''947 J57d'''
'''''Archives of Russia:''''''' '''''A'''rcheo'''B'''iblio'''B'''ase: Archives in Russia ('''ABB''')''
[https://iisg.amsterdam/en/detail?id=https%3A%2F%2Fiisg.amsterdam%2Fid%2Fitem%2F1356710 ''A Directory and Bibliographic Guide to Holdings in Moscow and St Petersburg'']
All of the archives listed are described in more detail with a full bibliography of their published guides and finding aids in the ABB printed directory, Archives of Russia: A Directory and Bibliography Guide to Holdings in Moscow and St Petersburg. (Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe, 2000). The English edition is considerably expanded from the Russian-language edition, Arkhivy Rossii (Moscow, 1997).
== Archival Terminology
During the period of Soviet rule, archives centralized and preserved a vast holding of church and vital records dating from 1721-1917. Access had now been granted to this material though the degree of availability varies from archive to archive.
''akt'' official document, act<br>''aktovaia kniga'' register<br>''delo'' basic classification unit<br>''edinitsa khraneniia'' storage unit, smallest unit of a fond<br>''fond'' basic organizational grouping in an archive<br>''gramota'' a deed, charter, official document<br>''list'' folio, leaf, sheet<br>''opis’'' subunit of a fond, series; or finding aid<br>''putevoditel’'' finding aid to an archive<br>''rukopis’'' manuscript<br>''sbornik'' collection (misc.)<br>''sobranie'' collection (artificial)
== Genealogy/Family History
Regretfully, IISH ([http://www.iisg.nl/ International Institute of Social History], Amsterdam) is not able to handle family history and/or related genealogical inquiries. Furthermore, it should be noted, that neither the Federal Archival Agency nor many Russian archives are staffed or equipped to answer extensive genealogical inquires of a "family history" nature, although some archives have been improving services in this regard. Unless the exact archive involved has already been identified, family-history inquiries should normally be addressed directly to more specialized genealogical services, many of which are listed and described in the Resource Guide on the website of the Federation of East European Family History Societies ([http://www.feefhs.org/ http://www.feefhs.org] ). Genealogical inquiries and family history in Russia can be performed reliably through Russian Society of Historians and Archivists (ROIA) (e-mail: [mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com] ; fax: [7-095] 245-09-45) in Moscow. Information and appropriate questionnaires are available at the "Arkhivy Rossii" website.
=== Other Helpful Links ===
*[https://lostrussianfamily.wordpress.com/2016/01/23/a-russian-genealogy-gold-mine-awaiting-to-be-cleared-of-its-treasures/ Find Lost Russian & Ukrainian Family Uncovering the secrets of finding family and records in the former USSR]
[[ru:Россия Архивы и библиотеки]]
[[Category:Russia]][[Category:Russia Archives and Libraries]]