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Finding Aids For German Records

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Text replacement - "standesamt" to "Standesamt"
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==Finding Aids For German Records for Important Details==
*To begin using the records of Germany, knowing that your family came from Germany will not be enough to use the records of Germany. Records are kept on the '''local level''', so you will have to know '''the town they livedin''' in. Even when you know the town, the records for that town might be stored part of a large parish headquartered in a nearby town. So the '''parish where their baptism, marriage, and burial records of a church were kept is found in catalogs and archives under a nearby different name than the townof their actual residence'''.
*Here are important details you must identify about your ancestors' town:
**if you have only a village name, you will need the name of the larger '''municipality''' it was part of.,**the county (Kreis) snd and the '''province or duchystate''' governing that town, **where the '''civil registration office ("Standesamt")''' was during the German Empire, and where it is now is,
**where the ''' Evangelical Lutheran or Catholic parish church''' overseeing that town was (depending on their religion),
**Eventually, you might need to know the names of '''neighboring towns''' and the '''churches who served them. ''' When you come to a dead-end in your research, you will need to look at the records of near-by towns. People tended to not move very far away, and sometimes you will be able to pick up the research again in these towns.
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====Cultural Regions====
Germany has many "cultural regions" and "geographical landscapes", smaller, informal areas that were not political entities. You are might be familiar with the , for example, "The Black Forest, the Ruhr, the Saar, " or "Frisia (Friesland)". Your ancestors might have left records or family traditions that they were from one of these areas. This list of [http://wiki-de.genealogy.net/Kategorie:Landschaft '''"landscapes" by GenWiki'''] can help you identify these regions. Once you know that the information is a cultural region not a town, you will know that you need to search further to narrow down your ancestrosancestors' town.==Ask the Community==[https://community.familysearch.org/s/group/0F93A000000LhYOSA0/germany-genealogy-research '''The Germany Genealogy Research Group'''] is a community of volunteers with experience in German research. You can post questions on their website. They can assist you with any of the processes for tracking down these details.
== Determining the Location of a Civil Registration Office The FamilySearch Catalog==Research If the records you need have been filmed and/or digitized by FamilySearch, a quick search in the FamilySearch catalog can provide you with many of the details you need. Type in the name of your town name in the "Place" field of the [httphttps://www.meyersgazfamilysearch.org /search/catalog '''MeyersGaz.orgFamilySearch Catalog'''.] to find It will automatically add the location province of the registry office (''Standesamt'')any German towns by that name. It is indicated by After you select a your town, look for the abbreviation '''topics "Church records" and "StdACivil registration"'''and click on the links. <span style="colorbr> Many microfilms have been digitized for online viewing. Gradually, everything will be digitized, so check back occasionally. Some have viewing restrictions, and can only be viewed at a [https:DarkViolet">//familysearch.org/locations/ '''Family History Center'''This is the Standesamt location ] near you will use when searching for civil registration records anywhere in the FamilySearch catalog , and collections/or by members of supporting organizations.'''</span><br>
'''HoweverIf you find a likely record, some look in the "Film Notes". Some combination of these icons will appear at the offices were merged in 1970's, so far right of the modern record location might be different than that microfilm listed in MeyersGaz. <span style="color:DarkViolet"> When writing for records, first find the modern registrar for your townrecord.'''</span>*For a small town within a larger municipality::*To find the '''current Standesamt''', go to the [https[File://deFHL icons.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Hauptseite '''German Wikipedia'''png|75px]], and enter the name of the town in the search box. An article about the town will start with a first line such as: "Besse with about 3200 inhabitants is the largest district of the '''''municipality Edermünde''''' in Hessian Schwalm-Eder-Kreis ." It is probable The magnifying glass indicates that the Standesamt microfilm is now located in the '''municipality''' (in this example Edermünde)indexed. :*Email Clicking on the municipality magnifying glass will take you to '''verify that the civil registry for your town is there'''index. ::*From the town article, click Clicking on the name of the municipality that links camera will take you to that article. ::*There will usually be an infobox on the right side of page that lists the address and the website online digital copy of the municipality. ::*From the website, look for Kontakt (Contact) information with an email address. Send a message asking whether you have the correct office for your ancestors' home town.*For larger towns::*Follow the same instructions above. :*The infobox with the website will appear directly on a this pagemicrofilm.
==Determining the Location of ChurchesDetails in Major Gazetteers: Meyersgaz.org and Kartenmeister.com=====1. Consult Meyers' Gazetteer for Parish Information(Meyersgaz.org)===To Use Meyer's Gazetteer to find out where the Kreis, the state or Prussian province, 1871 Standesamt, and the location of the Evangelical Lutheran or Catholic parish church overseeing your ancestor's town was (depending on their religion), start with : [https://www.meyersgaz.org '''Meyer's Gazetteer, '''(''Meyers Orts- und Verkehrs-lexikon des deutschen Reichs''''', )]. This is also the gazetteer on which the organization of the FamilySearch catalog for Germany is and FamilySearch Historical Records are based. *Use [http://www.meyersgaz.org/ '''MeyersGaz'''], the digital gazetteer, to find the details you need, particularly:**the province or duchy it belonged to**whether it had its own Catholic and/or Evangelical Lutheran parish, and, if not,**the closest Catholic and/or Evangelical Lutheran parishes
*[http://www.meyersgaz.org/help/help.html '''MeyersGaz Help Guide''']
*[[Abbreviation Table for Meyers Orts und Verkehrs Lexikon Des Deutschen Reichs|'''Abbreviation Table''']]
*Class: *[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/872 '''Meyer's Gazetteer Now Online, Indexed and Fully Searchable!''']
====Example #1====
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===2. Consult '''Kartenmeister''' for parish information.===For the provinces of East Prussia (Ostpreussen), Posen, Pomerania (Pommern), Silesia (Schlesien), parts of Brandenburg, and West Prussia (Westpreussen), areas which no longer belong to Germany, the online gazetteer [http://www.kartenmeister.com/preview/databaseuwe.asp '''Kartenmeister'''] most efficiently tells you parish information:. It also gives Kreis, province, and Standesamt. <br>
*Class: [https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/363 '''Kartenmeister.com Finding Places in the Former German Area of Poland''']
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==More on Determining the Location of a Civil Registration Office =3=Research your town name in [http://www.meyersgaz.org '''MeyersGaz.org'''] to find the location of the registry office (''Standesamt''). It is indicated by the abbreviation '''"StdA"'''. <span style="color:DarkViolet">''''This is the Standesamt location you will use when searching for civil registration records anywhere in the FamilySearch catalog and collections. Ancestry.com collections will also use this location name. Records in archives will use this location prior to the consolidation of registration offices in the 1970's.'''</span><br> '''However, some of the offices were merged in 1970's, so the modern record location might be different than that listed in MeyersGaz. <span style="color:DarkViolet"> When writing for records, first find the modern registrar for your town.'''</span>:*To find the '''current Standesamt''', go to the [https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Hauptseite '''German Wikipedia'''], and enter the name of the town in the search box. An article about the town will start with a first line such as: "Besse with about 3200 inhabitants is the largest district of the '''''municipality Edermünde'''''...." It is probable that the Standesamt is now located in the larger '''municipality''' (in this example, Edermünde). :*For larger towns which constitute a municipality:::*To find the '''current Standesamt''', go to the [https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Hauptseite '''German Wikipedia'''], and enter the name of the town in the search box. ::*This type of article will '''not''' state that the town belongs to another municipality, because it is itself a municipality. :*To e-mail the municipality to '''verify that the civil registry for your town is there'''. ::#Consult this address list for the exact contact information, which should include an e-mail address: [https://www.Standesamt.com/ '''Standesamt.com''']. In the horizontal menu bar, hover over "+registry office" or "+Standesämter", then the name of the modern state, for a drop-down list of links to modern cilvil registrars.::#Send a message asking whether you have the correct office for your ancestors' home town. You can also use e-mail to request records and arrange payment. Use the [[German Letter Writing Guide|'''German Letter Writing Guide''']] to write your questions in German. ==More on Finding Church Information===== 1. Parish Register Inventories===
A parish register inventory is a reference book which lists all the localities in a region and then identifies the Catholic or Protestant parish that served them. Some are available online.
For more information, see [[Germany Websites--Reference and Training#Parish Register Inventories|'''Parish Register Inventories''']] and [[Germany Church Directories|'''Germany Church Directories.''']]<br>
If you are able to visit the FamilySearch Main Library in Salt Lake City, Utah, go to the international floor of the library. Consultants at the help desk there are familiar with their large collection of parish register inventories. They will be able to assist you in researching which parishes served your ancestors' town.
===2. Archives Inventory===
*[[Media:Localities.pdf|'''Pdf Archive Inventory''']]: "Part 1 of 2: Church records in Archives" - is an inventory of localities and the location or archive where their records should be found. The sixth column, '''"Archives"''', gives a number. To find the name and contact information, look up that number in the second column of this .pdf: [[Media:Archive_Add_.pdf|'''Part 2: Archive Addresses.''']] It is not clear how up-to-date this handout is.
===43. Hansen's Map Guides===If you are at the FamilySearch Main Library in Salt Lake City, Utah, these excellent reference volumes will identify parish boundaries. You will also use this guide learn how to determine the location of other religious congregations, namely Jewish, French Reformed, German Reformed, etc.
*Hansen's Map Guides''' - [[Media:1-Map_Guide,_Instruction.pdf|Instruction]], [[Media:2-Map_Guide,_Assignment.pdf|Activity]], [[Media:3-Map_Guide,_Answer_Key.pdf|Answer Key]]<br>
====Other Religious Groups====To learn how to determine the location of other religious records, namely Jewish, French Reformed, German Reformed, etc., watch *Watch [https://www.familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/489 '''Hansen’s Map Guides: Finding Records with Parish Maps'''] beginning at 48:00 minutes, to learn how to locate these congregations. Then go back and watch from the beginning to understand how to use the reference book. Also, you can read [https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/img_auth.php/8/8b/1-Map_Guide%2C_Instruction.pdf '''Map Guide to German Parish Registers''']. This video and handout teach you how to use a set of reference books found at the FamilySearch Library in Salt Lake City, Utah. If you are not in Salt Lake City, use the [https://www.familysearch.org/ask/help '''Contact Us'''] feature to request information from the books. 
===5. Ask the Community===
[https://community.familysearch.org/s/group/0F93A000000LhYOSA0/germany-genealogy-research '''The Germany Genealogy Research Group'''] is a community of volunteers with experience in German research.You can post questions on their website, and they can assist you with tracking down these details.
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