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{{LDS-sidebar}}{{breadcrumb| link1=[[Tracing LDS AncestorsUnited States Genealogy|Tracing LDS AncestorsUnited States]]| link2=[[United States Church Records|U.S. Church Records]]| link3=[[The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints|The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints]]
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| link5=[[LDS BiographyLatter-day Saint Biographies|BiographyBiographies]]}}{{Latter-day Saint-sidebar}}<br>
[[Image:Wilford Woodruff portrait.jpg|thumb|left|Wilford Woodruff portrait]]A biography is a history of a person’s life. In a biography you may find the individual’s birth, marriage, and death information, and the names of his parents, children, or other family members. Biographies often include photographs, family traditions, stories, clues about an ancestor’s place of origin, places where he has lived, church positions held, professional accomplishments, military service, and activities within the community. The information must be used carefully, however, because there may be inaccuracies.
For additional biographical sources that mention Latter-day Saints see [[Utah Biography|Utah Biography]]. <br><br>
=== Finding Aids ===
Important indexes of Latter-day Saint biographies are:
*{{FHL|480808|title-id|disp=Early Church Information File}} <ref>''Early Church Information File'' Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1991. (Family History Library films 1750655–729). </ref>Over 1 million cards index the names of Latter-day Saints and their neighbors in more than 1,200 sources. It covers from 1830 to about 1914. These sources include membership records, ward histories, family histories, local histories, journals, collective biographies, priesthood records, missionary records, periodicals, cemetery records, immigration records, and civil marriage records from selected counties in Utah, Idaho, Wyoming, Nevada and California. This card index available [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/2078505 online] and on microfilm gives a person’s name, the date of the event, and a reference to the source. The original source often provides additional biographical information. For further instructions see: *{{FHL|691157|title-id|disp=Early Church Information File Resource Guide}} <ref>'' Early Church Information File Resource Guide'' (34544). Salt Lake City, Utah: Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1993. (Family History Library book 929.1 F21rg LDS; fiche 6105233).</ref> *{{FHL|837165|title-id|disp=LDS Family History Suite}} <ref>''LDS Family History Suite 2''. Provo, Utah: Infobases, 1999. (Family History Library compact disc no. 205 pt. 1.)</ref>Select one of the two following databases you would like to search for&nbsp;Latter-day Saint&nbsp;(LDS) families. Each database is word searchable. When you find a name, you see the actual entry in the context of the book. The two databases are: *The ''Pioneer Heritage Library'' includes over 10,000 photographs. It also has many biographical sketches, stories, diaries and autobiographies, histories, early LDS newspapers and periodicals, doctrinal works, emigration sources, and the ''Utah Historical Quarterly''. It includes major sources such as Wiggins’ ''Mormons and Their Neighbors'', Black’s ''Membership of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints 1830–1848'', and Bitton’s ''Guide Mormon Diaries and Autobiographies''. It also includes sources like the published series of pioneer histories by the Daughters of Utah Pioneers, Jenson’s ''Encyclopedic History of the Church'', and Joseph Smith’s ''History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints''. Some of the sources in this library are not available elsewhere. *[http://mormonhistory.byu.edu/ The Studies in Mormon History Database] includes citations to articles, books, theses, and Ph.D. dissertations dealing with the history of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, written from the time of its inception in 1830 to the present. It is intended to be comprehensive and provides citations to over 2,000 LDS&nbsp;biographies and 800 published LDS&nbsp;diaries. The diary entries have abstracts describing dates of coverage and a summary of the contents. There are some links to full-text items.<br>
{| style="float:right; "|- |{{MormonLDSRemoval}}|}The ''LDS Vital Records Library'' includes 12 reference works about the pioneers that must be searched separately. The majority of the books in this section were compiled by Harvey and Susan Easton Black. It also includes an index to Utah deaths from 1898 to 1905 excluding Salt Lake County. These 12 sources two databases are now available on the Internet at [http://www.worldvitalrecords.com/search.aspx WorldVitalRecords.com].<br>
These *The ''Pioneer Heritage Library'' includes over 10,000 photographs. It also has many biographical sketches, stories, diaries and autobiographies, histories, early Latter-day Saint newspapers and periodicals, doctrinal works, emigration sources, and the ''Utah Historical Quarterly''. It includes major sources such as Wiggins’ ''Mormons and Their Neighbors'', Black’s ''Membership of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints 1830–1848'', and Bitton’s ''Guide Mormon Diaries and Autobiographies''. It also includes sources like the published series of pioneer histories by the Daughters of Utah Pioneers, Jenson’s ''Encyclopedic History of the Church'', and Joseph Smith’s ''History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints''. Some of the sources in these databases this library are also not available for elsewhere.*[http://mormonhistory.byu.edu/ The Studies in Mormon History Database] includes citations to articles, books, theses, and Ph.D. dissertations dealing with the history of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, written from the time of its inception in 1830 to the present. It is intended to be comprehensive and provides citations to over 2,000 Latter-day Saint biographies and 800 published Latter-day Saint diaries. The diary entries have abstracts describing dates of coverage and a subscription fee at summary of the Ancestrycontents.com Internet site discussed in [[LDS Archives and Libraries]]There are some links to full-text items. <br>
The ''Latter-day Saint Vital Records Library'' includes 12 reference works about the pioneers that must be searched separately. The majority of the books in this section were compiled by Harvey and Susan Easton Black. It also includes an index to Utah deaths from 1898 to 1905 excluding Salt Lake County. These 12 sources are now available on the Internet at [http://www.worldvitalrecords.com/search.aspx WorldVitalRecords.com].<br>  These sources in these databases are also available for a subscription fee at the Ancestry.com Internet site discussed in [[Archives and Libraries of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints]].  *''Mormons and Their Neighbors: An Index of Over 75,000 Biographical Sketches from 1820 to the Present''] <ref>Wiggins, Marvin E. [http://www.lib.byu.edu/Ancestry/ ''Mormons and Their Neighbors: An Index of Over 75,000 Biographical Sketches from 1820 to the Present'']. [Provo, Utah]: Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University, 1984. (Family History Library book 978 D32w).</ref>This is a name index to biographies in 194 published sources. It includes Church members from the western United States, southwestern Canada, and Northern Mexico. This is indexed in the ''Early Church Information File'', is included in the ''LDS Family History Suite 2'', and is available on the Internet at [http://www.lib.byu.edu/Ancestry/ biographical sketches].
*''Guide to Mormon Diaries and Autobiographies'' <ref>Bitton, Davis. {{FHL|2605|title-id|disp=Guide to Mormon Diaries and Autobiographies}}. Provo, Utah: Brigham Young University Press, 1977. (Family History Library book 016.2893 B549g; film 1059488 item 2; fiche 6053254).</ref>This book provides a brief synopsis of each diary or autobiography and lists the names of libraries where the originals or copies may be found. It lists 2,894 works alphabetically by author. It is indexed in the ''Early Church Information File'' and included in the ''LDS Family History Suite 2''.
=== '''Compiled Biographies''' ===
Thousands of brief biographies of Church members have been gathered and published:
*{{RecordSearch|2243396|Utah, Latter-Day Saint Biographical Encyclopedia}} — index and images*''Membership of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints 1830–1848'' <ref>Black, Susan Ward Easton. {{FHL|334417|title-id|disp=Membership of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints 1830–1848}}. 50 Volumes [Provo, Utah]: Brigham Young University, Religious Studies Center, 1984–1988. (FHL book 289.3 Ea85m; fiche 6031596).</ref>This was compiled from more than 200 sources. It may list a person’s name, gender, birth date and place, parents, marriage date and place, spouse, children, death date and place, temple ordinances, comments, and sources for each piece of information. Verify information before trusting it. See the ''Membership of the Church 1830–1848'' Resource Guide (39432) for more information. This source is indexed in the ''Early Church Information File'', in ''LDS Family History Suite 2'', and on the Internet in [http://www.worldvitalrecords.com/indexinfo.aspx?ix=usa_il_nauvoo_early_lds_members WorldVitalRecords.com].
*''Early Members of the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints'' <ref>Black, Susan Easton. {{FHL|534926|title-id|disp=Early Members of the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints}}. 6 Volumes. [Provo, Utah]: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 1993. (FHL book 973 K2bs).</ref>This lists thousands of members of the Reorganization born before 1849. It shows birth, marriage, and death information, relatives, and sometimes a biographical sketch as well as sources for each piece of information. It is included in the ''LDS Family History Suite 2'', and on the Internet in [http://www.worldvitalrecords.com/indexinfo.aspx?ix=usa_il_nauvoo_reorg_members WorldVitalRecords.com].
*''Pioneer Women of Faith and Fortitude'' <ref>International Society Daughters of Utah Pioneers. {{FHL|829588|title-id|disp=Pioneer Women of Faith and Fortitude}}. Four volumes. Salt Lake City, Utah: ISDUP, 1998. (FHL book 979 D36p.)</ref>Usually lists birth, marriage, and death dates and places, parents, Salt Lake arrival date and company, spouse and his death date, children and their birth dates, and a half-page biography, including a photo. Alphabetical by married name (usually of the last husband). *''Daughters of the Utah Pioneers and Their Mothers'' <ref>Jakeman, James T. Album {{FHL|161058|title-id|disp=Daughters of the Utah Pioneers and Their Mothers}}." Salt Lake City, Utah: Western Album, 192-?] (FHL book 979.2 D2j; film 1421989 item 2).</ref>[Indexed in the ''Early Church Information File''.] This excellent volume includes the pictures and biographies many early Latter-day Saint women who came to Utah. Also in ''LDS Family History Suite 2''. *''Latter-day Saint Biographical Encyclopedia:''<ref>Jenson, Andrew. {{FHL|16525|title-id|disp=Latter-day Saint Biographical Encyclopedia}}. Four Volumes. 1901–1936''. Reprint, Salt Lake City, Utah: Western Epics, 1971. (FHL book 920.0792 J453L; films 410869–72; fiche 6053252. 1971 ed.).''</ref> This 4-volume series contains biographies of many early or prominent Latter-day Saints up to 1936. These are indexed in the ''Early Church Information File'' and included in the ''LDS Family History Suite 2''. The volumes can be found online through the [https://contentdm.lib.byu.edu/digital/search/collection/BYUIBooks/searchterm/Latter-Day%20Saint%20Biographical%20Encyclopedia/field/all/mode/all/ BYU Library digital collections] and at the [https://archive.org/search.php?query=Latter-day%20Saint%20biographical%20encyclopedia Internet Archive]. *''[[Library of Congress Collection of Mormon Diaries]]'' <ref>{{FHL|13783|title-id|disp=Library of Congress Collection of Mormon Diaries}}. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress Photoduplication Service, 1950. (FHL films 485332–44).</ref>The names is a collection of the diarists and the people they mention in their diaries are partially indexed in the ''Early Church Information File''. Using the ECIF index saves the inconvenience transcripts of using the following index: *''Name Index to the Library of Congress Collection of Mormon Diaries' <ref>{{FHL|188467|title-id|disp=Name Index to the Library of Congress Collection of Mormon Diaries}}. Western Text Society Seriesbiographies, Volume 1diaries, number 2. Loganjournals, Utah: Utah State Univ. Presslife sketches, 1971. (FHL book 289.3016 M552n; film 1059488 item 3; fiche 6051303 [set and other documents pertaining to early members of 5]).</ref>'' ::*Step 1. Find the name you are searching for in pages 12 to 391. ::*Step 2. Once the name is found, record the name The Church of the journal , the name Jesus Christ of the volume, Latter-day Saints and the page designation, for example, SMITH, Cordeliap.1 PetersonM. ::*Step 3. Turn to page 1 through 11 and find history of the journal listing, the reel, and the item number, for example, M. Peterson = Matilda Peterson, Sketch (7 p.) Reel 10:5 (Reel 10:5 = Reel 10 item 5)state of Utah. ::*Step 4. Use the following list to identify the Family History Library microfilm number: Reel 1= 485332, Reel 2= 485333, Reel 3= 485334, Reel 4= 485335, Reel 5= 485336, Reel 6= 485337, Reel 7= 485338 and 485339, Reel 8= 485339, Reel 9= 485340, Reel 10= 485341, Reel 11= 485342, Reel 12= 485343, Reel 13= 4853444. ::*Step 5. On the listed reel look for the item, volume, and page to find the desired work. *''Church History Stories Collection'' <ref>Kenison, David. "''Church History Stories Collection''." In Heritage Gateways [Internet site]. Utah Educational Network, [1998?] [cited 1 March 2008]. Available at http://[http://heritage.uen.org/bibliography/Wc3a761df06a5fHeritage Gateways].htm heritage.uen.org/bibliography/Wc3a761df06a5f.htmUtah Educational Network, [1998?], accessed 11 February 2021. </ref>This site has over 500 biographies of early members and a search engine for any word or phrase in the stories.
*[https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/show?uri=http%3A%2F%2Fcatalog-search-api%3A8080%2Fwww-catalogapi-webservice%2Fitem%2F181278 ''Utah pioneer biographies''] is a compilation of biographies &amp; autobiographies used by a Historical Record survey deposited with the Genealogical Society in Salt Lake City, Utah. The 44 volume set is indexed in the Early Church Information card file. [[Utah Pioneer Biographies|Click here for a list of the surnames found in the specific volumes]].
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=== '''Oral Histories''' ===
For information about The Church History Library has collected thousands of oral histories of Latter-day Saints who lived in Utah see . They can be found by searching the [[Utah Biography|Utah Biography]https://catalog.lds.org Church History Catalog]for an individual's name.
=== '''Other Sources of Latter-day Saint Biographies''' ===
'''Online Sources''':
*[http://www.boap.org/LDS/Early-Saints/ Journals, Diaries, Biographies and Autobiographies of Some Early Mormons and Others Who Knew Joseph Smith, Jr. and/or His Contemporaries]
'''FamilySearch Catalog''':<br>The "Genealogical Surveys" portion of [[LDS GenealogyLatter-day Saint Compiled Genealogies]] describes records that include biographical information. You can also find biographies, journals or diaries, and oral histories in the FamilySearch Catalog in several ways:
#In the Surnames Search look for the individual’s name. #In the Subject Search look under: [https://familysearch.org/search/search/index/catalog-search#searchType=catalog&filtered=true&collectionId=&fed=false&page=1&catSearchType=title&searchCriteria=Mormons++Biography&placeName=&author_givenName=&author_surname= MORMONS— BIOGRAPHY]
#In the Locality Search look for biographies from a specific place under the state, county, or town, for example:
:*[STATE]— BIOGRAPHY :*[STATE], [COUNTY]— BIOGRAPHY
:*[STATE], [COUNTY], [TOWN]— BIOGRAPHY<br>
== References ==
<references />
{{Place|LDSLatter-day Saint}}
[[Category:Tracing_LDS_AncestorsTracing Latter-day Saint Ancestors]] [[Category:LDSThe Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints]] [[Category:Biography]]
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