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Guide to '''Henderson County, Illinois ancestry, family history, and genealogy''' birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.<br>
{{Click|Image:IL_ORP.png|<div id="fsButtons"><span class="online_records_button">[[Illinois Online Genealogy Records}} ]]</span></div> {{Infobox U.S. County
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=== County Organization ===
Henderson County's civil records start the following years:  {| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"|-| bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" colspan="7" | <center>'''Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records'''<ref>''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'', 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Henderson County, Illinois. Page 192-199 {{WorldCat|50140092|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 194-197.</ref></center>
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| width="10014.2%" bgcolor="#ffcc99e4d8e5" align="center" colspan| '''[[Henderson County, Illinois Genealogy#Birth|Birth*]]'''| width="14.2%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Henderson County, Illinois Genealogy#Marriage|Marriage]]'''| width="14.2%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Henderson County, Illinois Genealogy#Death|Death*]]'''| width="14.2%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Henderson County, Illinois Genealogy#Court Records|Court]]'''| width="14.2%" bgcolor="6#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Henderson County, Illinois Genealogy#Land and Property Records| Land]]'''| width="14.2%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''Beginning Dates for [[Henderson County , Illinois Genealogy#Probate Records|Probate]]''' | width="14.2%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Henderson County, Illinois Genealogy#Census Records|Census]]'''
|-
| width="1614.62%" align="center" | '''[[Henderson County, Illinois#Births1878 | width="14.2%" align="center" |Birth]]''' 1878| width="1614.62%" align="center" | '''[[Henderson County, Illinois#Marriages|Marriage]]''' 1878| width="1614.62%" align="center" | '''[[Henderson County, Illinois#Deaths|Death]]''' 1841| width="1614.62%" align="center" | '''[[Henderson County, Illinois#Census|Census]]''' 1841| width="1614.62%" align="center" | '''[[Henderson County, Illinois#Land_and_Property|Land]]''' 1841| width="1614.62%" align="center" | '''[[Henderson County, Illinois#Probate_Records|Probate]]'''1810
|-
| widthcolspan="16.6%" align="center7" | 1877<br> | width="16.6%" align="center" | 1841<br> | width="16*Statewide registration for births and deaths started 1916.6%" align="center" | 1878<br> | width="16General compliance by 1922.6%" align="center" | 1850<br> | width="16.6%" align="/center" | 1818<br> | width="16.6%" align="center" | 1839<br>
|}
County records are most often kept at the County Courthouse or another local repository. For further information about where the records for Henderson County are kept, see the [[Henderson County, Illinois Courthouse|Henderson County Courthouse]] page.
=== Historical Facts ===
=== Parent County ===
*'''1841--'''Henderson County was created 20 January 1841 from [[Warren County, Illinois Genealogy|Warren]] County. '''County seat:''' Oquawka <ref>''The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed''. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002), 194. ({{FHL|18520551049485|itemtitle-id|disp=FHL Collection}} Ref Book 973 D27e 2002). [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/50140092 WorldCat entry].</ref>
=== Boundary Changes ===
=== Record Loss ===
There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.
 
== Places / Localities ==
 
=== Populated Places ===
 
=== Neighboring Counties ===
 
*[[Des Moines County, Iowa Genealogy|Des Moines County, Iowa]]
*[[Hancock County, Illinois Genealogy|Hancock]]
*[[Lee County, Iowa Genealogy|Lee County, Iowa]]
*[[Louisa County, Iowa Genealogy|Louisa County, Iowa]]
*[[McDonough County, Illinois Genealogy|McDonough]]
*[[Mercer County, Illinois Genealogy|Mercer]]
*[[Warren County, Illinois Genealogy|Warren]]
== Records and Resources ==
| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [https://www.findagrave.com/cemetery-browse/USA/Illinois/Henderson-County?id=county_725 Findagrave.com]
|-
| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [httphttps://henderson.genwebsiteillinoisgenweb.org/cemetery-datacemeteries/cemeteriesmain.html ILGenWeb]
| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=su%3Acemetery+Henderson+Illinois&qt=advanced&dblist=638 WorldCat]
| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [https://billiongraves.com/search/cemetery Billion Graves]
| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [http://usgwtombstones.org/illinois/henderson.htm Tombstone Project]
| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |
| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |[https://www.familysearch.org/research/places/?reqParents=392531&reqParentsLabel=Henderson%2C%20Illinois%2C%20United%20States&reqParentsType=209&reqTypes=20&reqTypeLabel=Cemetery FamilySearch Places]
|-
| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [http://illinoisgravestones.org/cemeteries.php?selected_cid=36 Illinois Gravestones]
''Cemetery Gazetters''
*[http://www.epodunk.com/ Epodunk] has a list of [http://www.epodunk.com/cgi-bin/localList.php?local=6239&locTGroup=Cemeteries&direction=down&sec=0&qty=26&stateAbbv=&stateName= Henderson County Cemeteries]. The website provides name of cemetery, address and telephone number when available, Google Map with cemetery marker, and other helpful Internet links. *The [http://www.ilgensoc.org/ Illinois State Genealogical Society's] "Cemetery Location Project" has identified many [httphttps://wwwhenderson.rootswebillinoisgenweb.ancestry.com/~ilsgsorg/ilcemetery-alcemeteries/hendersoncemeteriesmain.html Henderson County Cemeteries].
=== Census ===
{{USCensusPop Historical populations|type = USA|heading = Census|footnote = Source: [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henderson_County,_Illinois#Demographics "Wikipedia.org".] |1850 |4612 |1860 |9501 |1870 |12582 |1880 |10722 |1890 |9876 | 1900= |10836 | 1910= |9724 | 1920= |9770 | 1930= |8778 | 1940= |8949 | 1950= |8416 | 1960= |8237 | 1970= |8451 | 1980= |9114 | 1990= |8096 | 2000= |8213 | footnote=[http://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/il190090.txt IL Counties 1900-1990] 2010 |7331 }}<br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br>
=== Church Records ===
 
'''List of Churches and Church Parishes'''
*'''[https://www.familysearch.org/research/places/?reqParents=392531&reqParentsLabel=Henderson%2C%20Illinois%2C%20United%20States&reqParentsType=209 FamilySearch Places]'''
Original court records are held in the office of the Circuit Court Clerk. See [[Illinois Court Records]] for more information about using court records.
'''Abstracts'''
:*'''1841–1853''' Warren County, Illinois Genealogical Society. ''Early court commissioner's records of Henderson County, IL: 1841-1853.'' [S.l.]: Warren County, Illinois Genealogical Society, 1992. Digital version at {{FSbook|85041}} [https://www.familysearch.org/library/books/records/item/404751-early-court-commissioner-s-records-of-henderson-county-il-1841-1853?offset=1 FamilySearch Digital Library], {{FHL|438268|item|disp=FHL book 977.3413 P2w}}
'''Copies of original records'''
=== Maps ===
[[Image:Ilhenderson.jpg{{IL Neighboring Counties Intro|right|400px|Ilhenderson.jpg]] county={{IL Henderson County}}}}
*[http://www.mapofus.org/illinois/ Maps of Illinois (1788-1940)]
*[https://www.familysearch.org/research/places/?reqParents=392531&reqParentsLabel=Henderson%2C%20Illinois%2C%20United%20States&reqParentsType=209&reqTypeGroups=8&reqTypeLabel=Cities%20and%20Towns FamilySearch Places]:Cities and Towns- [[FamilySearch Places|How to Use FS Places]]
=== Military ===
:*'''1856–1944''' Naturalization records {{FHL|255812|item|disp=FHL first film 1434879 Item 5 (first of 2 films)}}
 
'''''Online Records'''''
*'''1800-1998''' - {{RecordSearch|1989159|Illinois, County Naturalization Records, 1800-1998}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images
=== Newspapers and Obituaries ===
*NewspaperArchive.com ($) has historical newspapers online including [http://www.newspaperarchive.com/BrowseLocations.aspx?cntry=7&st=39&ci=3889 Burlington, Iowa newspapers] dating back to the mid 1800's that may have included Henderson County residents. This database is free at some libraries.
 
===Places and Localities===
 
====Populated Places====
 
For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit [https://Illinois.hometownlocator.com/il/Henderson Hometown Locator]. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Henderson County, Illinois," in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'', https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henderson_County,_Illinois,
Last accessed 7 January 2020.</ref>
 
{{populated places
<!--cities column------------------->
| cities-col1=<div>
* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dallas_City,_Illinois Dallas City]‡</div>
| cities-col2=
| cities-col3=
<!--villages column------------------->
| villages-col1=<div>
* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biggsville,_Illinois Biggsville]
* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gladstone,_Illinois Gladstone]
* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gulfport,_Illinois Gulfport]</div>
| villages-col2=<div>
* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lomax,_Illinois Lomax]
* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Media_Township,_Henderson_County,_Illinois Media]
* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oquawka,_Illinois Oquawka] (county seat)</div>
| villages-col3=<div>
* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raritan,_Illinois Raritan]
* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stronghurst,_Illinois Stronghurst]</div>
<!--unincorp column------------------->
| unincorp-col1=<div>
* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bald_Bluff,_Illinois Bald Bluff]
* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carman,_Illinois Carman]
* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carthage_Lake,_Illinois Carthage Lake]</div>
| unincorp-col2=<div>
* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Decorra,_Illinois Decorra]
* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hopper,_Illinois Hopper]
* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Olena,_Illinois Olena]</div>
| unincorp-col3=<div>
* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shokokon,_Illinois Shokokon]
* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terre_Haute,_Illinois Terre Haute]</div>
<!--townships column------------------->
| townships-col1=<div>
* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bald_Bluff_Township,_Henderson_County,_Illinois Bald Bluff]
* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biggsville_Township,_Henderson_County,_Illinois Biggsville]
* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carman_Township,_Henderson_County,_Illinois Carman]
* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gladstone_Township,_Henderson_County,_Illinois Gladstone]</div>
| townships-col2=<div>
* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lomax_Township,_Henderson_County,_Illinois Lomax]
* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Media_Township,_Henderson_County,_Illinois Media]
* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oquawka_Township,_Henderson_County,_Illinois Oquawka]
* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raritan_Township,_Henderson_County,_Illinois Raritan]</div>
| townships-col3=<div>
* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rozetta_Township,_Henderson_County,_Illinois Rozetta]
* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stronghurst_Township,_Henderson_County,_Illinois Stronghurst]
* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terre_Haute_Township,_Henderson_County,_Illinois Terre Haute]</div>
}}
<p>‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties</p>
 
==== Neighboring Counties ====
 
*[[Des Moines County, Iowa Genealogy|Des Moines County, Iowa]]
*[[Hancock County, Illinois Genealogy|Hancock]]
*[[Lee County, Iowa Genealogy|Lee County, Iowa]]
*[[Louisa County, Iowa Genealogy|Louisa County, Iowa]]
*[[McDonough County, Illinois Genealogy|McDonough]]
*[[Mercer County, Illinois Genealogy|Mercer]]
*[[Warren County, Illinois Genealogy|Warren]]
=== Probate Records ===
'''Online Probate Indexes and Records'''
:*'''1772 - 1999''' [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=9048 Illinois Wills and Probate Records 1772-1999] at [http://home.ancestry.com/ Ancestry.com] — index and images '''$'''
:*'''1819 - 1988''' {{RecordSearch|1834344|Illinois Probate Records 1819-1988}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/search/ FamilySearch.org] — images
Original estates and wills are held in the office of the Circuit Court Clerk. See [[Illinois Probate Records]] for more information about using probate records.
The following abstracts and copies of original records may be accessed through, the [[The Family History Library|Family History Library]] or the [httphttps://www.ilsos.gov/GenealogyMWebisa/iradsrchlocalgovrecordssrch.html jsp Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD)] located at the Western Illinois University (WIU) - search for Henderson County records. For information on how to use IRAD see the[[IRAD - Western Illinois University|WIU IRAD Wiki page]].
'''Online Resources'''
==== Family History Center ====
{{FamilySearch Family History Centers Intro}}
There are over 4500 [[Family History Centers|Family History Centers]] in more than 80 countries offering public access to genealogical records from all over the world. Family History Centers provide patrons with access to over a billion online records and approximately 2.5 million circulating microfilms. Centers are staffed by local volunteers who are eager to provide genealogical research assistance. Currently there are no Family History Centers located directly in Henderson County. To find the nearest Family History Center, check out the [http://www.familysearch.org/locations Family Search Centers] page on the [http://www.familysearch.org FamilySearch.org] website.
=== Social Groups Online ===
'''Henderson County Genealogical Society<br>'''110 Hill Crest Drive<br>Biggsville, IL 61418<br>Email: [mailto:hencogen@hotmail.com hencogen@hotmail.com]  The Henderson County Genealogical Society meets in the Henderson County Public Library in Biggsville. === Societies ===
=== Societies ===*'''Andover Historical Society'''<br> 418 Locust St<br> Andover, Illinois, 61233<br>Email:[mailto:andoverhistoricalsociety@gmail.com andoverhistoricalsociety@gmail.com]<br>[https://andoverhistoricalsociety.wordpress.com/ Website]<br>*'''Henderson County Genealogical Society'''<br> 110 Hill Crest Drive<br> Biggsville, IL 61418<br>Email:[mailto:hencogen@hotmail.com hencogen@hotmail.com] *'''Henderson County Historical Society'''<br> 310 Main Street<br> Raritan, IL 61471<br> Phone 309-746-6103<br>[https://www.facebook.com/hendersoncountymuseum/ Facebook]<br>
=== Taxation ===
See [[Illinois Vital Records]] for more information about Vital records in Illinois. See also [http://www.genealogyinc.com/illinois/il-vital-records/ How to order Illinois Vital Records] or [http://www.genealogyinc.com/ordervitalcertificate/ order electronically online].
<br> Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Original birth and death certificates recorded until the year 1916 are kept by the Henderson County Clerk while those recorded after 1916 are kept by the [httphttps://www.idphdph.stateillinois.il.usgov/vitalrecordstopics-services/index.htm birth-death-other-records Illinois Department of Public Health] with a copy to the County Clerk. Original marriage records are usually kept by the County Clerk from the establishment of the county to the present. Original divorce records are generally in the office of the Circuit Court Clerk.
The following abstracts and copies of original records may be accessed through online databases, the [[The Family History Library|Family History Library]] and the [httphttps://www.ilsos.gov/GenealogyMWebisa/iradsrchlocalgovrecordssrch.html jsp Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD)] located at the Western Illinois University (WIU) - search for Henderson County records. For information on how to use IRAD see the [[IRAD - Western Illinois University|IRAD Wiki page]].
==== Births ====
'''Copies of Original Birth Records'''
:*'''1877–1901''' Birth register [http://www.ilsoscyberdriveillinois.govcom/GenealogyMWebdepartments/iradsrcharchives/IRAD/wiu.html IRAD–WIU] {{FHL|89087|item|disp=FHL film 1377857 Items 2-3}} :*'''1877–1915''' Birth Record Index [http://www.ilsoscyberdriveillinois.govcom/departments/archives/GenealogyMWebIRAD/iradsrchwiu.html IRAD–WIU]
:*'''1878–1887''' Index to births {{FHL|89087|item|disp=FHL film 1377857 Items 2-3}}
'''Copies of original Marriage Records'''
:*'''1841–1934''' Index to Marriages [http://www.ilsoscyberdriveillinois.govcom/GenealogyMWebdepartments/iradsrcharchives/IRAD/wiu.html IRAD–WIU] {{FHL|81255|item|disp=FHL first film 1377856 (first of 2 films)}} :*'''1841–1901''' Marriage register [http://www.ilsoscyberdriveillinois.govcom/departments/archives/GenealogyMWebIRAD/iradsrchwiu.html IRAD–WIU] {{FHL|81255|item|disp=FHL first film 1377856 (first of 2 films)}}
'''Online Resources'''
:*'''1587-1959''' - [https://search.findmypast.com/search-world-records/united-states-marriages?state=illinois%2cil Illinois, United States Marriages] at [http://findmypast.com/ FindMyPast] — index $
:*'''1763-1900''' [http://www.ilsos.gov/isavital/marriagesrch.jsp Illinois Statewide Marriage Index, 1763-1900]
:*'''1790–1860''' [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7851&cj=1&o_xid=0001546952&o_lid=0001546952 Illinois Marriage index ]found at Ancestry.com ($)
:*'''1805-1985''' {{RecordSearch|2534491|Illinois, Church Marriages, 1805-1985}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index
:*'''1810–1934''' {{RecordSearch|1803970|Illinois, County Marriages, 1810-1934}} at [https://www.familysearch.org /search/ FamilySearch] — index and images
:*'''1833-1889''' {{RecordSearch|2515894|Illinois, Civil Marriages, 1833-1889}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index
:*[http://www.usgwarchives.net/il/henderson/vitals/marriages/hendmarr.htm Henderson County, Illinois Marriage Records,] courtesy [http://www.usgwarchives.net/il/ilfiles.htm USGenWeb Archives Illinois.]
'''Copies of Original Death Records'''
:*'''1878–1915''' Death Record index [http://www.ilsoscyberdriveillinois.govcom/GenealogyMWebdepartments/iradsrcharchives/IRAD/wiu.html IRAD–WIU]
:*'''1878–1900''' Death index {{FHL|124791|item|disp=FHL film 1377857 Items 4-5}}
:*'''1878–1902''' Register of deaths, v. 1 [http://www.ilsoscyberdriveillinois.govcom/GenealogyMWebdepartments/iradsrcharchives/IRAD/wiu.html IRAD–WIU] and {{FHL|124791|item|disp=FHL film 1377857 Items 4-5}}
'''Online Resources'''
:*'''1749-1999''' {{RecordSearch|3541609|Illinois Deaths and Burials, 1749-1999}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index, some images
:*'''1916-1950''' [http://www.ilsos.gov/isavital/idphdeathsrch.jsp Database of Illinois Death Certificates, 1916-1950]
:*'''Pre-1916''' [http://www.ilsos.gov/isavital/deathsrch.jsp Illinois Statewide Death Index, Pre-1916]
==== Additional Resources ====
Additional resources for Henderson County births, marriages and deaths may be found in the {{FHL|435400|subject_id|disp=Illinois, Henderson – Vital Records}} and the {{FHL|478272|subject_id|disp=Illinois, Henderson – Vital Records - indexes}} topic page topic page of the FamilySearch Catalog . Online microfilm are indicated by the camera icon in the catalog entry. Copies of books found in the FamilySearch Catalog may be found in WorldCat catalog and ordered from your local library through interlibrary loan. Explore how to search the [[Introduction to the FamilySearch Catalog|FamilySearch Catalog]] and the [[Worldcat Online Catalog]].
== Websites ==
*[http://www.genealogyincldsgenealogy.com/illinoisIL/hendersonHenderson-county/ County.htm Henderson County, IL History, Records, Facts and Genealogy] *[http://ldsgenealogywww.linkpendium.com/genealogy/USA/IL/Henderson-/ Henderson County, Illinois Genealogy and Family History ](Linkpendium)<br>*[https://henderson.htm illinoisgenweb.org/index.html Henderson County , Illinois IL GenealogyGenWeb] *[httpshttp://pluswww.googlegenealogyinc.com/uillinois/0henderson-county/communitiesHenderson County, IL History, Records, Facts and Genealogy]*[http:/104195621376697101310 /www.illinoisancestors.org/henderson/index.htm/ Henderson County] Illinois Genealogy Network Community on Google+] Ancestors*[https://www.facebook.com/groups/196017143782491/ Illinois Genealogy Network Group on Facebook] *USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county. *{{FHL|Illinois%2C+Henderson|subject|disp=FamilySearch Catalog}} *[http://www.linkpendium.com/genealogy/USA/IL/Henderson/ Henderson County, IllinoisGenealogy and Family History ](Linkpendium)<br>
== References ==
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