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Text replacement - "One unique collection is the Gail Morin who donated her '''40,000 name data base''' to the archive in 2011. The data base is ancestral quest format and all in families with sources. " to "One unique collection is the Gail Morin database. The collection consists of a database of 65,434 records of persons who were Metis ancestors. For each individual, dates and places of birth, baptism, marriage, death, and burial, and notes on sources are given if known. Using Ancestral Que...
{{MN-sidebar}}{{breadcrumb| link1=[[United States Genealogy|United States]] | link2=[[Image:Gotoarrow.pngIndigenous Peoples of the United States Genealogy|Indigenous Peoples of the United States Research]]  | link3=[[Minnesota]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[American Indian , United States Genealogy|Minnesota]]  American Indian Research | link4=| link5=[[Image:Gotoarrow.pngIndigenous Peoples of Minnesota]] Indians of Minnesota }}
{| style="float:right; margin-right:200px"|-| style="padding-right:0px"||[[Image:Chippewa-One-Called-From-A-Distance(Midwewinind)-White Earth Reservation, MN-1894-NO.-014a.jpg|right|400px|Chippewa-One-Called-From-A-Distance(Midwewinind)-White Earth Reservation, MN-1894-NO.-014a.jpg]] |}
The word Minnesota comes from a Dakota Indian word meaning "sky-tinted water" === Online Resources ===
Two major *[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=4184 Minnesota Native American tribes—the Dakota Americans, 1823], (or $), index *[[Sioux Indians|Sioux]http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=4232 Minnesota Native Americans, 1851], ($) and the , index *[[Ojibwa Indians|Ojibwa]http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2339 Minnesota, Indian Allotment Records, 1888-1919] , (Anishinabe or Chippewa$)—lived in the area that is now Minnesota. Small groups from other tribes now also reside in the state, including the free index<br><br>*[[Winnebago Indians|Winnebago]http://www.ironrangeresearchcenter.org/search/ Iron Range Research Center], who once had reservation land there. By the late 1860s treaties had pushed the Indians off lands they had occupied and moved them onto reservations. index
Many American Indians still live on reservations in === Introduction ===The word Minnesota. Seven Ojibwa reservations are located in the northern part of the state, and four comes from a Dakota communities occupy lands in the southern part. Other American Indians reside in urban areas. More than 9,000 people of Ojibwa ancestry live in Minneapolis, and about 3,000 Ojibwa, Dakota, and Winnebago are in St. Paul. There are smaller groups of American Indian people in Duluth and Bemidji. word meaning "sky-tinted water"
== Tribes Two major Native American tribes—the Dakota (or [[Sioux Indians|Sioux]]) and Bands of the [[Ojibwa Indians|Ojibwa]] (Anishinabe or Chippewa)—lived in the area that is now Minnesota ==. Small groups from other tribes now also reside in the state, including the [[Winnebago Indians|Winnebago]], who once had reservation land there. By the late 1860s treaties had pushed the Native Americans off lands they had occupied and moved them onto reservations.
Many Native Americans still live on reservations in Minnesota. Seven Ojibwa reservations are located in the northern part of the state, and four Dakota communities occupy lands in the southern part. Other Native Americans reside in urban areas. More than 9,000 people of Ojibwa ancestry live in Minneapolis, and about 3,000 Ojibwa, Dakota, and Winnebago are in St. Paul. There are smaller groups of indigenous people in Duluth and Bemidji.  === Tribes and Bands of Minnesota === The following list of American Indians Native Americans who have lived in Minnesota has been compiled from Hodge's ''Handbook of American Indians...''<ref>Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico I . Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. [httphttps://wwwarchive.accessgenealogy.comorg/nativedetails/handbook_american_indians.htm handbookamindians02hodgrich Available online] [httphttps://wwwarchive.accessgenealogy.comorg/nativedetails/handbook_american_indians.htm handbookamindians02hodgrich Available online].</ref> and from Swanton's ''The Indian Tribes of North America''<ref>Swanton John R. I;''The Indian Tribes of North America.'' Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/minnesota/index.htm Available online] [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/minnesota/index.htm Available online].</ref>. Some may simply be variant spellings for the same tribe.
*[[Arapaho Indians|Arapaho Indians]]
*[[Cheyenne Indians|Cheyenne Indians]]
*[[Chippewa Indians|Chippewa Indians]]&nbsp;&nbsp;Chippewa or Ojibwa
*[[Sioux Indians|Dakota]]
*[[Sac and Fox Tribe|Fox]]
*[[White Oak Point Band of Chippewa Indians|White Oak Point Band]] of Chippewa Indians
=== Agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs === Agencies and sub agencies were created as administrative offices of the [[Bureau of Indian Affairs|Bureau of Indian Affairs]] and its predecessors. Their purpose was (and is) to manage Indian affairs with the tribes, to enforce policies, and to assist in maintaining the peace. The names and location of these agencies may have changed, but their purpose remained basically the same.'''Many of the records of genealogical value were created by these offices.'''
Agencies and subagencies were created as administrative offices The following list of the [[Bureau agencies that have operated or now exist in Minnesota has been compiled from Hill's ''Office of Indian Affairs|Bureau ...''<ref>Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs]] and its predecessors, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches Clearwater Publishing Co., Inc. 1974. Their purpose was (and is) Family History Library IMG class=FCK__MWTemplate src="https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/extensions/FCKeditor/fckeditor/editor/images/spacer.gif" width=1 height=1 </ref>, Hill's ''Guide to manage Indian affairs with Records in the tribes, National Archives Relating to enforce policiesAmerican Indians''<ref>Hill, and Edward E. (comp.). Guide to assist Records in maintaining the peaceNational Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. The names Washington DC: National Archives and location of these agencies may have changedRecords Service, General Services Administration, but their purpose remained basically the same1981. (FHL IMG class=FCK__MWTemplate src="https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/extensions/FCKeditor/fckeditor/editor/images/spacer. Many of the records of genealogical value were created by these officesgif")</ref>, and others.
The following list of agencies that have operated or now exist in *[[Birch Cooley Indian Agency (Minnesota)|Birch Cooley Indian Agency]] (Minnesota)<br> *[[Consolidated Chippewa Indian Agency (Minnesota)|Consolidated Chippewa Indian Agency]] (Minnesota)<br> *[[Crow Wing Indian Subagency (Minnesota)|Crow Wing Indian Subagency]] (Minnesota)<br> *[[Fond du Lac Indian Agency (Minnesota)|Fond du Lac Indian Agency]] (Minnesota)<br> *[[Grand Portage Indian Agency (Minnesota)|Grand Portage Indian Agency]] (Minnesota)<br> *[[Great Lakes Indian Agency (Wisconsin)|Great Lakes Indian Agency]] (Wisconsin)<br> *[[La Pointe Indian Agency (Wisconsin)|La Pointe Indian Agency ]](Wisconsin)<br> *[[Leech Lake Indian Agency (Minnesota has been compiled from Hill's ''Office of )|Leech Lake Indian AffairsAgency ]](Minnesota)<br> *[[St.Peters Indian Agency (Minnesota)|St.Peters Indian Agency ]](Minnesota)-- part of St.''Peters Agency *[[Milk River Indian Agency (Minnesota)|Milk River Indian Agency ]](Minnesota)<refbr>Hill*[[Minnesota Indian Agency (Minnesota)|Minnesota Indian Agency ]](Minnesota) Route 3, Edward EP. The Office of Indian AffairsO. Box 112, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches Clearwater Publishing Co.Cass Lake, IncMN 56633 *[[Nett Lake Indian Agency (Minnesota)|Nett Lake Indian Agency ]](Minnesota) *[[Pipestone Indian Agency (Minnesota)|Pipestone Indian Agency ]](Minnesota) *[[Red Lake Indian Agency (Minnesota)|Red Lake Indian Agency ]](Minnesota) *[[Sandy Lake Indian Subagency (Minnesota)|Sandy Lake Indian Subagency ]](Minnesota)<br> *[[St. 1974Peters Indian Agency (Minnesota)|St. Peters Indian Agency ]](Family History Library IMG class=FCK__MWTemplate src="https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/extensions/FCKeditor/fckeditor/editor/images/spacer.gif" width=1 height=1 Minnesota)1824-1879 <br> *[[Vermillion Lake Indian Agency (Minnesota)|Vermillion Lake Indian Agency ]](Minnesota)</refbr>, Hill's ''Guide to Records in the National Archives Relating to American Indians''*[[White Earth Indian Agency (Minnesota)|White Earth Indian Agency ]](Minnesota)<refbr>Hill, Edward E. *[[Winnebago Indian Agency (comp.Minnesota). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981. |Winnebago Indian Agency ]](FHL IMG class=FCK__MWTemplate src="https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/extensions/FCKeditor/fckeditor/editor/images/spacer.gif"Minnesota)*[[Minnesota Superintendency of Indian Affairs|Minnesota Superintendency ]]1849-1856</refbr>, and others.
*[[Birch Cooley Indian Agency (Minnesota)|Birch Cooley Indian Agency]] (Minnesota)&nbsp; *[[Consolidated Chippewa Indian Agency (Minnesota)|Consolidated Chippewa Indian Agency]] (Minnesota)&nbsp; *[[Crow Wing Indian Subagency (Minnesota)|Crow Wing Indian Subagency]] (Minnesota)&nbsp; *[[Fond du Lac Indian Agency (Minnesota)|Fond du Lac Indian Agency]] (Minnesota)&nbsp; *[[Grand Portage Indian Agency (Minnesota)|Grand Portage Indian Agency]] (Minnesota)&nbsp; *[[Great Lakes Indian Agency (Wisconsin)|Great Lakes Indian Agency]] (Wisconsin)&nbsp; *[[La Pointe Indian Agency (Wisconsin)|La Pointe Indian Agency ]](Wisconsin)&nbsp;&nbsp; *[[Leech Lake Indian Agency (Minnesota)|Leech Lake Indian Agency ]](Minnesota)&nbsp; *[[St. Peters Indian Agency (Minnesota)|St. Peters Indian Agency ]](Minnesota)&nbsp; -- part of St. Peters Agency *[[Milk River Indian Agency (Minnesota)|Milk River Indian Agency ]](Minnesota)&nbsp; *[[Minnesota Indian Agency (Minnesota)|Minnesota Indian Agency ]](Minnesota)&nbsp; Route 3, P.O. Box 112, Cass Lake, MN 56633 *[[Nett Lake Indian Agency (Minnesota)|Nett Lake Indian Agency ]](Minnesota)&nbsp; *[[Pipestone Indian Agency (Minnesota)|Pipestone Indian Agency ]](Minnesota)&nbsp; *[[Red Lake Indian Agency (Minnesota)|Red Lake Indian Agency ]](Minnesota)&nbsp; *[[Sandy Lake Indian Subagency (Minnesota)|Sandy Lake Indian Subagency ]](Minnesota)&nbsp; *[[St. Peters Indian Agency (Minnesota)|St. Peters Indian Agency ]](Minnesota)&nbsp; 1824-1879 *[[Vermillion Lake Indian Agency (Minnesota)|Vermillion Lake Indian Agency ]](Minnesota)&nbsp; *[[White Earth Indian Agency (Minnesota)|White Earth Indian Agency ]](Minnesota)&nbsp;=== Records ===
*[[Winnebago Indian Agency The '''majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies'''. Some records may be available to tribal members through the tribal headquarters.They were (Minnesotaand are)|Winnebago Indian Agency ]](Minnesota)&nbsp; *[[Minnesota Superintendency the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs|Minnesota Superintendency ]]1849-1856, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:<br>
== *[[American Indian Schools ==Allotment Records|Allotment records]] *[[American Indian Annuity Rolls|Annuity rolls]] *[[American Indian Census Rolls|Census records]] *[[American Indian Correspondence and Reports|Correspondence]] *[[American Indian Health Records|Health records]] *[[American Indian Correspondence and Reports|Reports]] *[[American Indian School Records|School census and records]] *[[American Indian Vital Records Supplements in Census Rolls|Vital records]]
The Office of Indian Affairs now the Bureau of Indian Affairs established a network of schools throughout the United States, beginning with Carlisle Indian School, established in 1879. Some of these schools were day schools, usually focusing on Indian children of a single tribe or reservation. Some were boarding schools which served Indian children from a number of tribes and reservations. ===Allotment Records===
Allotted Tribes of Minnesota •Bois Fort, Cass Lake, Deer Creek Reservation, Fond du Lac, Grand Portage, Lake Winbigoshish, Leech Lake, Mdewakanton, Mille Lacs Reservation, White Earth, White Oak Point and Chippewa Reservation, Winnebago •Fort Totten (Sioux), Nett Lake (Chippewa)  === Indian Schools === The Office of Indian Affairs now the Bureau of Indian Affairs established a network of schools throughout the United States, beginning with Carlisle Indian School, established in 1879. Some of these schools were day schools, usually focusing on children of a single tribe or reservation. Some were boarding schools that served children from a number of tribes and reservations.  In addition, other groups such as various church denominations established schools specifically focusing on American Indian children. ([[American Indian School Records]]&nbsp; |read more...]])
The following list of Indian Schools in Minnesota has been compiled from Hill's Office of Indian Affairs...<ref>Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches Clearwater Publishing Co., Inc. 1974. </ref>, Hill's Guide to Records in the National Archives Relating to American Indians <ref>Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians.'' Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981. </ref>, and others.
*Bishop Whipple Indian School - Norton, MN
*Birch Coulee Day School
*[[Cass Lake Indian School (Minnesota)|Cass Lake Indian School ]](Minnesota)&nbsp; *[[Grand Portage Indian School (Minnesota)|Grand Portage Indian School ]](Minnesota)&nbsp; <br> *[[Leech Lake Indian Boarding School (Minnesota)|Leech Lake Indian Boarding School ]](Minnesota)&nbsp; <br>
*[[Minnesota Indian Agency (Minnesota)|Minnesota Agency]] School census 1912-1917, 1946-1947 and permanent school census cards Family History Library
*Morris Industrial School
*[[Nett Lake Indian School (Minnesota)|Nett Lake Indian School]] (Minnesota)&nbsp;&nbsp; *[[Pipestone Indian Boarding School|Pipestone Indian Boarding School&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;]]
*Pleasant Nook-Granite Falls,MN
*Prairie Island - Egglston, MN
*Red Lake Agency&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;school - census 1922-1927 <br> *[[Squaw Point Day School (Minnesota)|Squaw Point Day School]] (Minnesota)&nbsp;
*[[Vermillion Lake Indian School (Minnesota)|Vermillion Lake School]]
American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions (ABCFM) Mission Stations 1830-1840: Lac qui Aprle, Traverse des Sioux, Shakopee's Village, Oak Grove, Mendota, Little Crow's Village, and red Wing's Village in Minnesota.
=== Other Repositories ===
*Minnesota Historical Society, 690 Cedar Street, St. Paul, Minnesota 55101
=== Family History Library ===
The Family History Library has many Native American Indian records from the National Archives - Central Plains Region (Kansas City, Missouri). For the Ojibwa, for instance, microfilms of census, vital, land, and family records are available from 1876 to 1955. Additional sources are at the Minnesota Historical Society Library, including:
*''Records of the Minnesota Superintendency of Indian Affairs, 1849-1856. M842. ''There are 9 microfilms in the Family History Library starting with &lt;IMG class1618093 {{FHL|403560|item|disp=FCK__MWTemplate src="https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/extensions/FCKeditor/fckeditor/editor/images/spacer.gif" width=1 height=1 _fckfakelement="true" _fckrealelement="17" _fck_mw_template="true"&gt;.FHL Film 1618093 to 1618101}} <br>
*Powell, Ransom Judd. Papers, Undated and 1843, 1896–1938. St. Paul, Minnesota: Minnesota Historical Society, 1987. No circulation to Family History Centers. Papers include genealogies, censuses, correspondence, and other records collected by the lawyer for lumber companies that bought White Earth Reservation land. <br>A research study of one Ojibwa family from Minnesota’s White Earth reservation is in:
*Byers, Paula K., ed. Native American Genealogical Sourcebook. Detroit, Michigan: Gale Research, 1995. It includes chapters on historical background, research methods and sources, and libraries and archives holding genealogical information on American IndiansNative Americans. The case study reported on pages 54–64 uses records mostly dating between 1885 and 1915 to trace ancestors and descendants of one Ojibwa family. Records used include Indian censuses, United States censuses, Chippewa Commission and Chippewa Agency records, and the Ransom Judd Powell papers. A bibliography of sources for further study on Minnesota Indians is provided. <br>Other books include:
*Ebbott, Elizabeth. Indians in Minnesota. 4th ed. Minneapolis, Minnesota: University of Minnesota Press, 1985. Sponsored by the League of Women Voters of Minnesota, this book deals mainly with social strengths and economic problems of American Indians in modern-day Minnesota. Preliminary chapters give histories of major Indian groups in the state and shifting government policies toward them. Includes maps and tables showing the locations of Indian groups on and off reservations in 1980. <br>Minnesota Historical Society (St. Paul, Minnesota). Chippewa and Dakota Indians: A Subject Catalog of Books, Pamphlets, Periodical Articles, and Manuscripts in the Minnesota Historical Society. St. Paul, Minnesota: Minnesota Historical Society, 1969. A list of printed and manuscript sources on Minnesota’s two major tribes. Much new material has been added to the collections of the Minnesota Historical Society since this book was published. <br>See also the chapter on "The Dakota and Ojibwa" in They Chose Minnesota, described in the "Minorities" article. For sources on the Sioux War of 1862, see the "Military Records" article. Steps to effective research are listed in the "United States Native Races" article.{{FHL|358958|item|disp=FHL Book 970.1 Eb17i}}
Records of the various tribes can be found by looking under the name of the tribe in the Subject Search of the Family History Library FamilySearch Catalog and under "Indians of North America – Minnesota." Many of the records are also listed in the Place Search of the catalog under:
[https://familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&keyword=Minnesota++Native+races&prekeyword=Minnesota++Native+races MINNESOTA – NATIVE RACES]
*''Records of the United States attorneys and marshal for the District of Minnesota, 1889-1917'' which include land allotments for the White Earth Chippewas and genealogical charts connected with those allotments. There are 7 microfilms starting with film 1294074. {{FHL|227134|item|disp= FHL film 1266713}} (NARA record group 118 roll 22) *''Records of the Minnesota Superintendency of Indian Affairs, 1849-1856''There are 9 microfilms in the Family History Library starting with &lt;IMG class=FCK__MWTemplate src="https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/extensions/FCKeditor/fckeditor/editor/images/spacer.gif" width=1 height=1 _fckfakelement="true" _fckrealelement="7" _fck_mw_template="true"&gt;.
<br> === Reservations ===
== Reservations == From the mid-1800s1800's, the official policy of the United States government toward the American Indian was to confine each tribe to a specific parcel of land called a reservation. Agencies were established on or near each reservation. A government representative, usually called an agent (or superintendent) was assigned to each agency. Their duties included maintaining the peace, making payments to the Native Americans based on the stipulations of the treaties with each tribe, and providing a means of communication between the native population and the federal government.
Sometimes, a single agency had jurisdiction over more than one reservation. And sometimes, if the tribal population and land area required it, an agency may have included sub-agencies.
For a current reservation map - [http://nationalatlas.gov/printable/printableViewer.htm?imgF=images/preview/fedlands/MN.gif& Minnesota - Indian Reservations] - The National Atlas of the United States of America. Federal Lands and Indian Reservations. by the U.S. Department of Interior and U.S. Geological Survey.
The following list of reservations has been compiled from the ''National Atlas of the United States of America''<ref>National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations [http://www.nationalatlas.gov/printable/images/pdf/fedlands/mn.pdf" _fcksavedurl="http://www.nationalatlas.gov/printable/images/pdf/fedlands/mn.pdf Available online.] </ref>, the ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America'' <ref>Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.</ref>, and other sources.&nbsp;Some reservations are&nbsp;federally-recognized reservations, with their associated agency and tribe(s). Others have historically been associated with the state or are not currently recognized by the federal government.<br>
*[[Bois Fort Indian Reservation (Minnesota)|Bois Fort Indian Reservation]]&nbsp; (Minnesota)1866 (Chippewa)
*Chippewa Reservation: 1867
*Dakota or Sioux Reservation: 1851-58&nbsp; / 1851-62 *[[Deer Creek Indian Reservation (Minnesota)|Deer Creek Indian Reservation ]]&nbsp; (Minnesota) *[[Fond du Lac Indian Reservation (Minnesota)|Fond du Lac Indian Reservation ]]&nbsp;(Minnesota) Federal, under jurisdiction of [[Minnesota Indian Agency (Minnesota)|Minnesota Indian Agency]](Minnesota) Tribe: Mississippi Band of Chippewa
*[[Grand Portage Indian Reservation (Minnesota)|Grand Portage Indian Reservation]] (Minnesota) Federal, under jurisdiction of Minnesota Agency, Tribe: Chippewa
*[[Leech Lake Indian Reservation (Minnesota)|Leech Lake Indian Reservation]] (Minnesota) 1855 Federal, under jurisdiction of Minnesota Agency, Tribe: Chippewa
*Lower Sioux Reservation Federal, under jurisdiction of Minnesota Agency, Tribe: Eastern or Mississippi Sioux
*[[Mdewakanton Indian Reservation (Minnesota)|Mdewakanton Indian Reservation ]](Minnesota) &nbsp;1884
*[[Menominee Indian Reservation (Wisconsin)|Menominee Indian Reservation ]](Wisconsin) 1845-1845
*[[Mille Lac Indian Reservation (Minnesota)|Mille Lac Indian Reservation ]](Minnesota)1855-1889 Federal, under jurisdiction of Minnesota Agency, Tribe: Chippewa
*Nett Lake Reservation&nbsp; Federal, under jurisdiction of Minnesota Agency, Tribe: Chippewa
*Lower Sioux Community: (Sioux)
*Ojibwa or Chippewa Reservation 1855-1864
*Vermilion Lake Indian Reservation (Minnesota) 1881
*[[Upper Sioux Indian Community, Minnesota|Upper Sioux Reservation]]: Federal, under jurisdiction of Minnesota Sioux, Tribe: Eastern or Mississippi Sioux
*Wabasha Reservation: in [[Wabasha County, Minnesota Genealogy|Wabasha County]], Minnesota<br>
*[[White Earth Indian Reservation (Minnesota)|White Earth Indian Reservation ]](Minnesota) under jurisdiction of Minnesota Agency, Tribe: Chippewa
*[[White Oak Point Indian Reservation (Minnesota)|White Oak Point Indian Reservation ]](Minnesota) &nbsp; <br> *Winnebago Reservation&nbsp;1846-1855 ([[Houston County, MinnesotaGenealogy|Houston County]]) === Archives, Libraries, and Museums === Glenbow Archive, Library, and Museum  The Glenbow Archives and Library, has an excellent collection of resources for the study of Métis genealogy. Their sources cover predominantly [[First Nations of Manitoba|Manitoba]], [[First Nations of Saskatchewan|Saskatchewan]], [[First Nations of Alberta|Alberta]], and some parts of the [[First Nations of Northwest Territories|Northwest Territories]], [[First Nations of Ontario|Ontario]], and [[First Nations of British Columbia|British Columbia]].  Most of our sources pertain to people who were living in the Prairie Provinces in 1900 or earlier.
== '''See Also''' ==One unique collection is the Gail Morin database. The collection consists of a database of 65,434 records of persons who were Metis ancestors. For each individual, dates and places of birth, baptism, marriage, death, and burial, and notes on sources are given if known. Using Ancestral Quest software, the data can be linked to show genealogical relationships in the form of pedigree charts and descendancy charts. The database is available only with the assistance of the Archives staff in the reading room of the Glenbow Archives. The database is fully searchable online.
&lt;a href="Minnesota History"&gt;Minnesota Contact: Glenbow Archives<br> 130 - History&lt;9 Avenue<br> SE Calgary, Alberta T2G 0P3<br> Reference Desk telephone: 403-268-4204 <br> Email: [http://www.glenbow.org/collections/archives/genealogy/a&gt; for a calendar that includes dates of importance to the Indians of Minnesota archives@glenbow.org]
&lt;a href="Minnesota Military Records"&gt;Minnesota - Military&lt;/a&gt; for a list of forts == See Also ===
[[Minnesota History|Minnesota - History]] for a calendar that includes dates of importance to the Indians in of Minnesota [[Minnesota FHL book 970.1 Eb17i Military Records|MinnesotaMilitary Records]] for a list of forts
=== References ===
<references />
*Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches''. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
*''Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880''. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
*Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington D.C.:Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30 1907. [httphttps://wwwarchive.accessgenealogy.comorg/nativedetails/handbook_american_indians.htm] handbookamindians02hodgrich Available online].
*Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. ''Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America''. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.
*National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations [http://www.nationalatlas.gov/printable/images/pdf/fedlands/MN.pdf] Available online]. *''Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. [http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~texlance/records/bia(dc)intro.htm Available online]. *Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/minnesota/index.htm] Available online].
[[Category:Indigenous Tribes of Minnesota]] [[Category:Indians_of_the_United_StatesIndigenous Tribes of the United States]][[Category:Minnesota Cultural Groups]]
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