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{{inmtbreadcrumb| link1=[[United States|United States]]| link2=[[American Indian Genealogy|American Indian Research]]| link3=[[Bureau of Indian Affairs|Bureau of Indian Affairs]]| link4=[[Indians of Montana|Indians of Montana]] | link5=[[Fort Belknap Indian Agency (Montana)|Fort Belknap Indian Agency (Montana)]]}}
The Fort Belknap Indian Agency is the administrative office of the [[Bureau of Indian Affairs|Bureau of Indian Affairs]] on the [[Fort Belknap Indian Reservation (Montana)|Fort Belknap Reservation]] in north-central MontanaGuide to '''{{PAGENAME}} ancestry, family history and genealogy:''' birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records.
== The Fort Belknap Indian Tribes Associated With This Agency ==is the administrative office of the [[Bureau of Indian Affairs|Bureau of Indian Affairs]] on the [[Fort Belknap Indian Reservation (Montana)|Fort Belknap Reservation]] in north-central Montana. Its supervising office is the [[Area Offices of the Bureau of Indian Affairs|Billings Area Office]].
== History = Indian Tribes Associated With This Agency ===
The Fort Belknap Agency was established in 1873. The [[Grosventre and Assiniboin Indians living on the Milk River in Montana were assigned to the agency. For two years|Grosventre]], 1876-1878, the Fort Belknap and the [[Fort Peck Indian Agency (Montana)Assiniboin Indians|Fort Peck AgencyAssiniboin]] were joined. In 1878, Fort Belknap was reestablished as a separate agency.
== Records = History ===
The Fort Belknap Agency was established in 1873. The Grosventre and Assiniboin Indians living on the Milk River in Montana were assigned to the agency. For two years, 1876-1878, the Fort Belknap and the [[Fort Peck Indian Agency (Montana)|Fort Peck Agency]] were joined. In 1878, Fort Belknap was reestablished as a separate agency<ref>Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981, pp. 158-159.</ref>.  ==== Agents and Appointment Dates ==== William H. Fanton. August 12, 1873, Wyamn L. Lincoln April 11, 1878 <ref>The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. By Edward E. Hill. Clearwater Publishing Co., New York, NY ©1974. FHL Book 970.1 H551o </ref>  === Records === Agencies and subagencies were created as administrative offices of the Bureau of Indian Affairs and its predecessors. Their purpose was (and is) to manage Indian affairs with the tribes, to enforce policies, and to assist in maintaining the peace. The names and location of these agencies may have changed, but their purpose remained basically the same. '''Many of the records of genealogical value (for the tribe and tribal members) were created by and maintained by the agencies'''.  Many of the historical [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html#75.19.30 records of this agency] are housed in the [[National Archives Rocky Mountain Region (Denver)]], Colorado.<ref>Guide to Federal Records, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Record Group 75. [http://www.archives.gov/rockyresearch/guide-mountainfed-records/groups/index075.html Rocky Mountain Regional ArchivesAvailable online] of the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) in Denver, Colorado. </ref> Records in that collection which may be of assistance to the genealogist include:
*Birth and death certificates and reports, 1915-1919
Many more records of lesser genealogical value are also in this collection.
[[Reports of Inspection of the Field Jurisdictions of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1873-1900|''Reports of Inspection of the Field Jurisdictions of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1873-1900'']] have been microfilmed by the [http://www.archives.gov/ National Archives] as part of Microcopy Number M1070. The reports for Fort Belknap Agency, 1883-1900, are on roll 12 of that Microcopy set<ref>''American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications''. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy M1070, p. 48.</ref>. Copies are available at the National Archives, their Regional Archives, and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their {{FHL|403511|title-id|disp=microfilm roll number 1617685}}).  The 1900 federal census included population schedules for the Fort Belknap Reservation. The census includes the non-Indian employees of the Fort Belknap Agency, as well as many pages of [[Indian Population Schedules -- 1900 United States Census|Indian Population Schedules]] for the native population of the Reservation. They are recorded as [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/engsearchapi/librarysearch/fhlcatalogcollection/supermainframeset1325221 District 211, Fort Belknap Indian Reservation], in Chouteau County, Montana.  Microfilm copies of [[Superintendents' Annual Narrative and Statistical Reports (BIA), 1907-1938|''...Narrative and Statistical Reports.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=403511&..'']] for the Fort Belknap Agency, 1907-1935, are included in National Archives Microcopy M1011, Rolls 45-46<ref>''American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications''. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy M1011, p. 27.</ref>, available in the National Archives system and in the collections of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, beginning with their {{FHL|479404|title-id|disp=microfilm numbers 1724263-1724264}}. Reports+for some years are missing.<br>  Annual [[American Indian Census Rolls|''Indian Census Rolls'']] were taken at this agency for 1885-1911 and from 1913 thru 1939. These rolls have been microfilmed by the [http://www.archives.gov/ National Archives] as part of+inspection+their Microcopy Number M595, rolls 126 thru 131<ref>''American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications''. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy M595, p. 51.</ref>. Copies of+these records are also available at the National Archives, their Regional Archives, and at the+field+juris++ Family History Library and its family history centers (their {{FHL|297519|title-id|disp=microfilm roll number 1617685]numbers 576481-576486}}). These census rolls are also available online at Ancestry.com's subscription web site.<br>  ====Records Available through the Family History Library==== Census Records 1888, 1900-1944 and Family History Cards 1909, FHL film: 1026838  Indians serving in the Civilian Conservation Corps., 1938-1942. FHL film: 1026854  Employee Records 1878-1927. FHL film: 126851  Heirship Records, 1911, 1921-1936. FHL film: 1026844  Individual Money Ledgers 1925-1948. FHL film: 1026845-1026850  Ration Records 1904, 1931-32, 1937-38 and Welfare Application 1939-1947. FHL film: 1026852 items 1 and 2
The 1900 federal census included population schedules for the Fort Belknap Reservation. The census includes the nonIndividual Allotment Records, Army discharge 1883-Indian employees of the Fort Belknap Agency1894, as well as many pages of [[Indian Population Schedules Draft Registration Cards 1917-- 1900 United States Census|Indian Population Schedules]] for the native population of the Reservation1918. They are recorded as [httpFHL film://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1325221;w=54468;p=3 District 211, Fort Belknap Indian Reservation], in Chouteau County, Montana. 1026855
Microfilm copies of [[Superintendents' Annual Narrative and Statistical Reports (BIA), 1907-1938|''...Narrative and Statistical Reports...'']] for the Fort Belknap Agency, 1907School Records 1879-1935, are included in National Archives Microcopy M1011, Rolls 45-46<ref>''American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications''1951. Washington DCFHL film: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy M1011, p. 27.</ref>, available in the National Archives system and in the collections of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, beginning with their [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=479404&disp=Superintendents+annual+narrative+and+sta++ microfilm numbers 17242631026839-1724264]. Reports for some years are missing.<br> 1026843
Annual [[American Indian Census Rolls|''Indian Census Rolls'']] were taken at this agency for 1885Vital Records 1913-1911 and from 1913 thru 1939. These rolls have been microfilmed by the [http://www.archives.gov/ National Archives] as part of their Microcopy Number M595, rolls 126 thru 131<ref>''American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications''. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy M595, p1918. 51.</ref>. Copies of these records are also available at the National Archives, their Regional Archives, and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their [httpFHL film://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&titleno=297519&disp=Indian%2Bcensus%2Brolls%252C%2B1885%252D1940%2B%2B&first=101&last=200&columns=*,0,0 microfilm numbers 576481-576486]). These census rolls are also available online at Ancestry.com's subscription web site.<br> 1026853
=== References ===
<references />
*''American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications''. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.<br> *Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.<br> *Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches''. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.<br>
*''Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880''. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
*''Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. [http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~texlance/records/bia(dc)intro.htm Available online]
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