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== Parish History ==
DURHAM, a '''city''', the '''capital '''of the county of Durham, and the '''head of a union''', 67 miles (E. S. E.) from Carlisle, 87 (N. E.) from Lancaster, 67 (N. W. by W.) from York. The city is surmounted by the '''cathedral '''and the remains of the ancient '''castle''', together with other ecclesiastical residences. The '''college''' was established at the same time as the university. The city comprises several '''parishes: St. Giles (1584), St. Mary Le Bow (1571), St. Mary-the-less (1560), St. Nicholas' (1540), St. Oswald's (1538), St. Margaret's (1557)''', as well as '''The (Durham) Cathedral (1609)'''. The parish of Durham St Oswald's also includes the village and chapelry of '''Shincliffe''' (1826) and part of the chapelry of '''Croxdale''' (1696) [see also Merrington Parish]. The chapelries of '''Belmont''' and '''St Cuthbert''' were built respectively in the years 1858 and 1863 both of which also stood within the boundary of Durham ancient parish. There are places of worship for the '''Society of Friends, Independents, Primitive and Wesleyan Methodists, and Roman Catholics'''. <ref>Lewis, Samuel A., [ ''A Topographical Dictionary of England''], (1848), pp. 110-121. Adapted. Date accessed: 12 December 2013.</ref>
The former church of '''St. Nicholas''' was an ancient structure, situated on the north side of the market-place, and consisted of a nave and aisles, with chancel and square tower.<ref>Lewis, Samuel A., [ ''A Topographical Dictionary of England''], (1848). Adapted. Date accessed: 12 December 2013.</ref>
{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
! bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="center" colspanscope="7col" scopecolspan="col7" | '''DURHAM ST NICHOLAS PARISH Online Records'''
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | <br>
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