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The War of 1812 between the United States and Great Britain began formally on June 18, 1812 when the U.S. Congress ratified the declaration of war. After two and a half years of fighting, the treaty of Ghent was signed 24 December 1814. However another land battle was fought 8 January 1815 at New Orleans because neither side had heard the news of the peace treaty. The U.S. Congress ratified the treaty on 17 February 1815, formally ending the war.<ref>National Archives. [http://www.archives.gov/research/military/war-of-1812/1812-discharge-certificates/discharge-certificates.html War of 1812 Discharge Certificates], (accessed 25 April 2012).</ref> Two naval battles were fought afterwards, again because the news of the treaty had not reached all the combatants.  
 
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<br> The War of 1812 between the United States and Great Britain began formally on June 18, 1812 when the U.S. Congress ratified the declaration of war. After two and a half years of fighting, the treaty of Ghent was signed 24 December 1814. However another land battle was fought 8 January 1815 at New Orleans because neither side had heard the news of the peace treaty. The U.S. Congress ratified the treaty on 17 February 1815, formally ending the war.<ref>National Archives. [http://www.archives.gov/research/military/war-of-1812/1812-discharge-certificates/discharge-certificates.html War of 1812 Discharge Certificates], (accessed 25 April 2012).</ref> Two naval battles were fought afterwards, again because the news of the treaty had not reached all the combatants.  
      
=== Countries Involved in the War  ===
 
=== Countries Involved in the War  ===
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'''- Canada'''. [[Canada in the War of 1812|Canada in the War of 1812]] has history, military records, and links to web sites concerning Canadian military forces, civilians, and First Nations. <br>  
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'''- Canada'''. [[Canada in the War of 1812|Canada in the War of 1812]] has history, military records, and links to websites concerning Canadian military forces, civilians, and First Nations. <br>  
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'''- Great Britain.''' [[Great Britain in the War of 1812|Great Britain in the War of 1812]] has history, military records, and links to web sites concerning British military forces.<br>  
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'''- Great Britain.''' [[Great Britain in the War of 1812|Great Britain in the War of 1812]] has history, military records, and links to websites concerning British military forces.<br>  
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'''- United States'''. [[United States in the War of 1812|United States in the War of 1812]] has history, military records, and links to web sites concerning U.S. military forces, civilians,and Native Americans.  
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'''- United States'''. [[United States in the War of 1812|United States in the War of 1812]] has history, military records, and links to websites concerning U.S. military forces and civilians.  
    
=== Native Americans / First Nations  ===
 
=== Native Americans / First Nations  ===
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===== Tribes on the British / Canada Side =====
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'''- American Indians.''' [[American Indian Military#War_of_1812_.281812-1815.29|American Indians in the War of 1812]] lists tribes that fought with the British and U.S. forces, and links to websites concerning their involvement in the war.<br>  
 
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About 35 tribal nations fought with the British and Canadians during the War of 1812. Tecumseh, the Shawnee war chief, worked to united the Indians with the British.
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Some of these nations were:<ref name="Can Encyclopedia">Canadian Encyclopedia, [http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/articles/first-nations-in-the-war-of-1812 First Nations in the War of 1812], (accessed 12 July 2012).</ref>
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*Potawatomi
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'''- Canadian Aboriginal Peoples.''' [[First Nations Military Records#War_of_1812_.281812-1815.29|First Nations in the War of 1812]]  
*Ojibwa
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*Shawnee
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*Ottawa
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*Kikapoos
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*Iroquois
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*Caughnawaga (Iroquois)
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*Mohawk
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*Seneca
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===== Tribes on the U.S. Side =====
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*Seneca
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===== Tirbes that Fought the U.S. But Not With the British =====
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*Creek
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===== Web Sites Concerning Indian Involvement =====
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*[http://www.angelfire.com/on3/oneida/page79.html Ely Parker's List of Oneida Indian Volunteers, War of 1812]<br>
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*[http://www.nps.gov/hobe/historyculture/upload/creek%20muster.pdf Major William McIntosh’s Company of Creek Indians, Creek War of 1814]
      
=== African Americans  ===
 
=== African Americans  ===
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During the War of 1812, many African Americans fought in the U.S. armed forces, especially in the Navy. Many others fought on the side of the British.
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'''- African Americans.''' [[African American Military Records#War_of_1812_.281812-1815.29|African Americans in the War of 1812]] has military records, and other information specific to African Americans in the war.  
 
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*Van Thienen, Erik, [http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20070418171335AAhaCvK The War of 1812, 1812-1815], (Yahoo! Answers, accessed 29 May 2012), has a good explanation of the role of African Americans in the War, including the names of over 20 soldiers.&nbsp; It also gives several sources for more information.
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=== Timeline ===
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=== Timeline ===
    
*[http://www.ourflagwasstillthere.org/the-war-of-1812/2011-12-06-17-10-16.html War of 1812 Timeline] <br>
 
*[http://www.ourflagwasstillthere.org/the-war-of-1812/2011-12-06-17-10-16.html War of 1812 Timeline] <br>
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=== Battles  ===
 
=== Battles  ===
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*Queenston, Ontario (British victory) - 13 October 1812  
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*Battle of Queenston Heights, Queenston, Ontario (British victory) - 13 October 1812<br>
**[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Queenston_Heights Battle of Queenston Heights] (Wikipedia)
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**[https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/battle-of-queenston-heights The Canadian Encyclopedia]
**[http://www.archives.gov.on.ca/english/on-line-exhibits/1812/niagara-1812.aspx Battle of Queenston Heights] (Archives of Ontario) <br>
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**[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Queenston_Heights Wikipedia]
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**[https://www.battlefields.org/learn/war-1812/battles/battle-queenston-heights American Battlefield Trust] <br>
    
*[http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/battles_frenchtown.html Battle of Frenchtown](British victory) - 22 January 1813 at what is now Monroe, Michigan on the Raisin River <br>
 
*[http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/battles_frenchtown.html Battle of Frenchtown](British victory) - 22 January 1813 at what is now Monroe, Michigan on the Raisin River <br>
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Lake_Erie Battle of Lake Erie] (Wikipedia) (United States naval victory) - 10 September 1813 <br>
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Lake_Erie Battle of Lake Erie] (Wikipedia) [[Image:Battle Lake Errie 1813.jpg|right|200px|Battle Lake Errie 1813.jpg]](United States naval victory) - 10 September 1813 <br>
    
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Thames Battle of the Thames] (Wikipedia) (Both sides claimed victory) - 5 October 1813 at Moraviantown, on Thames River, Kent County, Ontario <br>
 
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Thames Battle of the Thames] (Wikipedia) (Both sides claimed victory) - 5 October 1813 at Moraviantown, on Thames River, Kent County, Ontario <br>
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*[http://www.militarysocietyofthewarof1812.com/history.html Military Society of the War of 1812]
 
*[http://www.militarysocietyofthewarof1812.com/history.html Military Society of the War of 1812]
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=== Web Sites ===
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=== Websites ===
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*[http://go.fold3.com/1812pensions/ War of 1812 Pension and Bounty Land Application Files] are available for free at [http://www.fold3.com/title_761/war_of_1812_pension_files/ fold3.com]
    
*Wikipedia contributors, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_of_1812 War of 1812 Article] <br>
 
*Wikipedia contributors, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_of_1812 War of 1812 Article] <br>
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*[http://www.iaw.on.ca/~jsek/1812gene.htm War of 1812 Genealogical Research] has links to various War of 1812 web sites. <br>
      
*[http://www.warof1812.ca/1812events.htm Causes and events of the War of 1812: a Timeline] - includes political events, military events, and military events in Europe. <br>
 
*[http://www.warof1812.ca/1812events.htm Causes and events of the War of 1812: a Timeline] - includes political events, military events, and military events in Europe. <br>
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*[http://www.newberry.org/sites/default/files/textpage-attachments/War%20of%201812.pdf War of 1812 Resources] - list of resources available in the Newberry Library. <br>
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*[http://www./sites/default/files/textpage-attachments/War%20of%201812.pdf War of 1812 Resources] - list of resources available in the Newberry Library. <br>
    
*[http://www.militaryindexes.com/warof1812/index.html Online War of 1812 Indexes and Records]<br>
 
*[http://www.militaryindexes.com/warof1812/index.html Online War of 1812 Indexes and Records]<br>
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*[http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~gen4abear/warof1812.html War of 1812] <br>
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*[http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~gen4abear/warof1812.html War of 1812 on Rootweb] <br>
    
*[http://www.cyndislist.com/1812/rosters/ Cyndi's List] 1812 rosters <br>
 
*[http://www.cyndislist.com/1812/rosters/ Cyndi's List] 1812 rosters <br>
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<references />  
 
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[[Category:United_States_-_Military_-_War_of_1812,_1812-1815]] [[Category:Wars_involving_the_United_States|War of 1812]]
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[[Category:War of 1812]] [[Category:War of 1812]]

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