Spain, Consular Records of Emigrants - FamilySearch Historical Records

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Spain, Consular Records of Emigrants, 1808-1960
This article describes a collection of records at
Flag of the Kingdom of Spain
Location of Spain
Record Description
Record Type: Consulates and Embassy Documents
Collection years: 1808-1960
Languages: Spanish
Title in the Language: España, Registros Consulares de Emigrantes Españoles
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Gobierno de España - Ministerio de Asuntos Exteriores y de Cooperación – Servicios Consulares

What is in This Collection?[edit | edit source]

Spain has an extensive network of Consulates and Embassies abroad that provide a series of services for Spaniard citizens and for foreigners that want to travel to Spain. Some of these services include the registration of births, marriages, and deaths of Spaniards living abroad, residence certificates, citizenship, passports, notary public documents, visas for foreigners, and others. The civil registration created at a consular office has the same validity and follows the same legal codes as the one in the mother country. One month after the civil event has been registered in a consulate abroad, a duplicate record is sent to the Central Civil Registry in Madrid, from where copies can be requested.

Travelers sometimes had to present proofs of birth and marriage when traveling abroad. Proofs of death were needed to transport the bodies of deceased travelers and/or family members of the traveler. For more information about Spain civil registrations, see the article Spain Civil Registration - Vital Records. The information in vital records presented at consulates were used to create the records you see here, wherein the information was extracted and officials signed their approval. Moreover, some of the documents you will find in this collection will be those pertaining to official consulate actions.

Consular services are necessary for Spaniards living or traveling abroad for legal documentation, protection, and other related needs while abroad. All records created in a consular office are as valid and legal as if created in Spain

These record types vary depending the business of the traveler it is documenting. Not all of the record types listed below will be available from each consulate solely because they were never recorded; they were never recorded because they weren't required. The information in each record varies by year.

The records are currently housed at the Archivo General de la Administración in Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, Spain.

As of May 2018, this collection covers the 1808 to 1960. More images will be published as they become available and comply with the 50 year cut off restrictions.

Image Visibility[edit | edit source]

Whenever possible FamilySearch makes images and indexes available for all users. However, rights to view these data are limited by contract and subject to change. Because of this there may be limitations on where and how images and indexes are available or who can see them. Please be aware some collections consist only of partial information indexed from the records and do not contain any images. For additional information about image restrictions see Restrictions for Viewing Images in FamilySearch Historical Record Collections.

Reading These Records[edit | edit source]

These records are written in Spanish. For help reading them see:

If you speak Spanish, the following free online lesson may be helpful to learn how to use the information in these records:

To Browse This Collection[edit | edit source]

You can browse through images in this collection using the waypoints on the Collection Browse Page for Spain, Consular Records of Emigrants, 1808-1960.

What Can These Records Tell Me?[edit | edit source]

The following information may be found in these records:

Vital records

  • Consular place and date
  • Names of travelers
  • Dates of birth, marriage, death
  • Place of birth, marriage, death
  • Names of parents
  • Names of related individuals
  • Names of witnesses

Passport records

  • Date and place of issue
  • Name of applicant
  • Birth date and place
  • Names of minor children traveling with applicant
  • General description of the applicant

Passport, arrival, immigration, and ship passenger registers

  • Date of register (arrival, departure)
  • Name of traveler
  • Nationality
  • Age
  • Occupation
  • Marital status
  • Birthplace
  • Name of issuing authority
  • Where the traveler is going (destination)
  • Place of departure

Citizen schedules

  • Place and date of issue
  • Name and age
  • Marital status
  • Occupation
  • Birth date and place or age
  • Residence place
  • Proof citizenship

Enlistment records

  • Name of enlisted man
  • Draft/file number
  • Enlistment year and place
  • Residence of enlisted man
  • Age
  • Nationality/birthplace

Collection Content[edit | edit source]

Sample Images[edit | edit source]

Coverage Table[edit | edit source]

Record Types Earliest Year Latest Year
Civil Registration - Births 1875 1910
Civil Registration - Marriages 1875 1935
Civil Registration - Deaths 1875 1960
Migration/Passport 1815 1920
Military Records - Draft 1836 1920
Naturalization/Citizenship 1808 1920

How Do I Search This Collection?[edit | edit source]

Before searching this collection, it is helpful to know:

  • Name of the person
  • Approximate date of the event

Search the Index[edit | edit source]

This collection does not have a searchable index. Only images are available. See View the Images to access them.

View the Images[edit | edit source]

View images in this collection by visiting the Browse Page:

  1. Select Country
  2. Select Consular Office
  3. Select Record Type and Years to view the images.

How Do I Analyze the Results?[edit | edit source]

Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log.

What Do I Do Next?[edit | edit source]

I Found the Person I Was Looking For, Now What?[edit | edit source]

  • Add any new information to your records
  • Check the image the index was taken from to see if there is additional information
  • Make sure to fully transcribe and cite the record entry for future reference
  • Use the information to find more. For instance, use the age listed in the record to estimate a year of birth, if that is yet undetermined
  • Use the birth date or age along with the place of birth of each spouse to find a couple's birth records and parents' names

I Can't Find the Person I'm Looking For, Now What?[edit | edit source]

  • Search the records and indexes of neighboring cities, provinces, and regions
  • Check for variants of given names, surnames, and place names. Transcription errors could occur in any handwritten record; also, it was not uncommon for an individual be listed under a nickname or an abbreviation of their name
  • New information is constantly being indexed, microfilmed or updated. Periodically check back to see if your ancestor’s records have been added. You can see if the area you’ve been looking in has been recently updated by going to Historical Records Collections. Watch for an asterisk for recently added or updated records

Research Helps[edit | edit source]

The following articles will help you in your research for your family in Spain.

Citing This Collection[edit | edit source]

Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.

Collection Citation:
The citation for this collection can be found on the Collection Details Page in the section Citing this Collection.
Image Citation:
When looking at an image, the citation is found on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen.