Shawnee Indian Agency (Oklahoma)

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Guide to Shawnee Indian Agency (Oklahoma) ancestry, family history and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records.

The Shawnee Agency is a currently operating agency of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Its supervising office is the Anadarko Area Office.

Indian Tribes Associated With This Agency[edit | edit source]

Absentee Shawnee, Citizen Potawatomi, Kickapoo,Iowa, Mexican Kickapoo, and Sac and Fox

History[edit | edit source]

The Shawnee Agency in Oklahoma was established in 1901, from the Sac and Fox Agency. In 1919, the Sac and Fox Agency was consolidated with the Shawnee Agency and many of its records were also consolidated with the Shawnee Agency.

Agents[edit | edit source]

Robert C. Miller, William Gay, Anselim Arnold, Benjamine J. Newsom, James B. Abbott, H.L. Taylor, Reuben L. Roberts

Records[edit | edit source]

The majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies. Some records may be available to tribal members through the tribal headquarters.They were (and are) the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:

Many of the historical records of the Shawnee Agency in Oklahoma are in the National Archives Southwest Region (Ft. Worth), including some records of its predecessor agencies. Among the records in this collection, of value to family historians, are: [1]

  • Annuity payrolls, 1888-1891, 1960, 1967
  • Allotment Records, 1890-1986
  • Heirship 1894-1914
  • Tribal census rolls, 1915-1939
  • School census records, 1923-1941

In addition, there are records specific to the tribes under the jurisdiction of the Shawnee Agency. For example, there are family history sheets, 1916-1929, for the Citizen Pottawatomi; marriage cards, 1929, for the Shawnee and Sac and Fox; and tribal records, 1915-1963, for the Citizen Pottawatomi.

Additional records for the Shawnee Agency are also at the Oklahoma Historical Society in Oklahoma City. In that facility, there are census rolls, 1874-1924, and miscellaneous administrative records.

Annual Indian Census Rolls were taken at this agency for 1904-1906, and from 1915 thru 1939. These rolls have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of their Microcopy Number M595, rolls 490-496. Copies of these records are also available at the National Archives, their Regional Archives, and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their microfilm numbers 581865 thru 581871). These census rolls are also available online at's subscription web site.

Records Available through the Family History Library[edit | edit source]

Vital Record from supplemental census rolls- (part of above collection)

  • Birth and Death records 1910-1934 FHL film 581870
  • Microfilm copies of...Narrative and Statistical Reports... for the Shawnee Agency, 1907-1938, are included in National Archives Microcopy M1011, rolls 133-135, available in the National Archives system and in the collections of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City and their family history centers (their microfilm roll numbers 1724351-1724353). Reports for some years are missing.
  • Shawnee Agency Records (school,vital,allotment,heirship, allotment, FHL Collection, film 1204637 first film

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Younkin, C. George. Historical and Genealogical Records of the Five Civilized Tribes and other Indian Records. World Conference on Records and Genealogical Seminar. Salt Lake City, Utah. August 1969
  • American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
  • Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
  • Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
  • Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
  • Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online
  • "Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.