Seneca Nation of Indians

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United States Gotoarrow.png Indigenous Peoples of the US Gotoarrow.png New York, United States Genealogy Gotoarrow.png Indigenous Peoples of New York Gotoarrow.png Seneca Nation of Indians

Seneca chief -Cornplanter by F. Bartoli, 1796.jpg

Ancestral Homeland: Seneca Lake to Allegheny River now in western New York

One of the Iroquois Nations- largest tribe

Prominent Leaders: Cornplanter (Ayentwahga, John O'Bail), Red Jacket (Sagoyewatha), Ely Parker

Tribal Headquarters[edit | edit source]

Seneca Nation of Indians
P.O. Box 231
Salamanca, NY 14779
Phone: 1-716-945-1790

Fax: 1-716-945-1565

The Seneca Nation of Indians Official Website

History[edit | edit source]

Brief Timeline[edit | edit source]

  • 1775-1783: Fought with British during the Revolutionary War
  • 1831: Ceded land removed to Indian Territory
  • 1838: Treaty of Buffalo Creek the tribe lose their New York Reservations
  • 1842: Regained the Cattaraugus and Allegheny Reservations
  • 1848: Become Seneca Nation of Indians
  • 1857: Repurchase the Tonawanda and Buffalo Creek lands using money they had for relocation to Kansas.
  • 1869, Quakers established the Seneca Indian School at Wyandotte, Oklahoma. (school closed in 1980)

Additional References to the History of the Tribe
[edit | edit source]

Frank J. Lankes. An outline of West Seneca History. West Seneca, NY. West Seneca Historical Society. 1962. FHL Book 970.1 Al #49

Frank J. Lankes. Reservation Supplement: A Collection of Memorabilia related to Buffalo Creek Reservation. West Seneca, NY 1966. (Cayuga, Onondaga Indians)FHL Book 970.1 Al #50

Arthur Parker. Red Jacket: Last of the Seneca. Washington, Library of Congress FHL Film 1009057 item 2

Reservations[edit | edit source]

Three State Reservations:

Tonawanda Band of Seneca Reservation near Akron, New York

Six Nations Reserve, Ontario

Seneca-Cayuga Tribe hold land in Ottawa County, Oklahoma

Records[edit | edit source]

Correspondence and Census[edit | edit source]

Tribe Agency location of Original Records

Pre-1880 Correspondence

M234 RG 75 Rolls 962

Roll Number

FHL

Film

Number

Post-1885 Census

M595 RG 75 Rolls 693

Roll Number

FHL

Film

Number

Seneca, Indian Territory Miami (Quapaw) Agency, 1870-1952 Washington D.C. and Fort Worth Rolls 702-13 - Rolls 410-16, 487-89 Films: 581405-581411
Seneca, New York Six Nations Agency, 1824-34 Washington D.C. Rolls 582-97 - Rolls 290-300, 488-89 Films: 579700-579709
Seneca, Ohio Piqua and Ohio Agencies, 1831-43 Washington D.C. Rolls 600-03 - -
Seneca, Indian Territory Neosho Agency, 1837-71 Washington D.C. Rolls 529-37 - -

Treaties[edit | edit source]

  • 1784 October 22, at Fort Harmar
  • 1789 January 9, at Fort Harmar
  • 1792 April 23, with the Five Nations of Indians
  • 1794 November 11, at Konondaigua
  • 1797 September 15, on Genesee River
  • 1802 June 30, at Buffalo Creek
  • 1802 June 30,
  • 1814 July 22, at Greenville
  • 1815 September 8, at Spring Wells
  • 1817 September 29, on the Miami
  • 1818 September 17, at St. Mary's
  • 1823 September 3, unratified
  • 1831 February 28, at Washington
  • 1831 July 20, at Lewistown
  • 1832December 29, at Seneca Agency
  • 1835 August 24, at Camp Holmes
  • 1838 January 15, at Buffalo Creek, with New York Indians
  • 1842 May 20, at Buffalo Creek
  • 1857November 5,
  • 1865 September 13, at Fort Smith - unratified
  • 1867 February 23, at Washington

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

  • Quapaw Agency, M595, births and deaths 1924-1932, FHL | Film: 581408

Important Websites[edit | edit source]

Seneca History -- from Seneca Nation website -- http://www.senecaindian.com/seneca_tribal.htm

Seneca History -- Wikipedia article -- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seneca_nation

Seneca Tribal History -- from Handbook of American Indians... by Frederick Webb Hodge -- http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/seneca/senecahist.htm

Seneca History -- from Catholic Encyclopedia -- http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/13714a.htm

References[edit | edit source]


Bibliography[edit | edit source]