Screven County, Georgia Genealogy

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Guide to Screven County, Georgia ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Sylvania
Organized: December 14, 1793
Parent County(s): Burke, Effingham[1]
Neighboring Counties
Allendale (SC)  • Bulloch  • Burke  • Effingham  • Hampton (SC)  • Jenkins
See County Maps
Courthouse
Screven County Court House Sylvania, Georgia.jpg
Location Map
Georgia Screven County Map.png
Adoption

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named for General James Screven, who served in the American Revolutionary War. The County is located in the east central area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Screven County Courthouse
216 Mims Road
Sylvania, GA 30467-0159
Phone: 912-564-2622
Screven County Website

Probate Court has birth and death record from 1927, marriage and probate records from 1817.
Clerk Superior Court has divorce and court records from 1816 and land records from 1790.[3]

Screven County, Georgia Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1927 1817 1927 1816 1790 1817 1820
Statewide registration of births and death began in 1919. General compliance for births by 1928 and deaths by 1922.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

1864 During the American Civil War the courthouse at Sylvania was destroyed.[5]
1897 The courthouse burned 8 January.[5]

Many of the Screven County records have been lost over time.[5]

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

  • 1793 Screven County was created 14 December 1793 from Burke and Effingham Counties.
  • County seat: Sylvania[6]

For animated maps illustrating Georgia county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Georgia County Boundary Maps" (1758-1932) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[7]

Cities
Towns
Unincorporated communities
Ghost towns


History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Screven, Georgia online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Georgia Cemeteries for more information

The following web site may have additional information on Screven County cemeteries.

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1800 3,019
1810 4,477 48.3%
1820 3,941 −12.0%
1830 4,776 21.2%
1840 4,794 0.4%
1850 6,847 42.8%
1860 8,274 20.8%
1870 9,175 10.9%
1880 12,786 39.4%
1890 14,424 12.8%
1900 19,252 33.5%
1910 20,202 4.9%
1920 23,552 16.6%
1930 20,503 −12.9%
1940 20,353 −0.7%
1950 18,000 −11.6%
1960 14,919 −17.1%
1970 12,591 −15.6%
1980 14,043 11.5%
1990 13,842 −1.4%
2000 15,374 11.1%
2010 14,593 −5.1%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Georgia denominations, see the Georgia Church Records wiki page.
List of Churches and Church Parishes

Episcopal
All Saints Church, Sylvania

  • 1879-1885 All Saints Church, Sylvania, Baptism Index 1879-1885. Batch C713701 at FamilySearch[8]
  • 1879-1895 All Saints Church, Sylvania, Marriage Index 1879-1895. Batch M713701 at FamilySearch

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Georgia Land and Property for additional information about early Georgia land grants from the government. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions (generally buying and selling deeds) were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Screven County, Georgia Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Georgia Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Burke CountyJenkins CountyBulloch CountyEffingham CountyHampton CountyAllendale CountyGA SCREVEN.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War

Online Records

Regiments. Service men in Screven County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Screven County:

- 5th Regiment, Georgia Cavalry (Confederate), Company F
- 11th Battalion, Georgia Infantry (State Guards) (Confederate), Company D
- 25th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Companies B, D and G
- 47th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Company D
- 54th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Company D

World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Voting Records

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Colonial courts kept some early probate records.  From 1777 to 1798 and since 1852, the court of ordinary or register of probates has kept probate and guardianship records.  The inferior court handled probate and guardianship matters from 1798 to 1852.

Many probate records to the 1930s and 1940s are at the Georgia Department of Archives and History and the Family History Library on microfilm.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (not all years).

Online Probate Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and all slaves up to age 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Georgia State Department of Health , the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online.

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Georgia.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Screven County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Georgia Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Screven County. For state-wide library facilities, see Georgia Archives and Libraries.

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Screven County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Georgia Societies.

  • Screven County Historical and Genealogical Society
    384 Penrose Drive West
    Savannah, GA 31410-1234
  • Savannah Area Genealogical Association
    PO Box 15385
    Savannah, GA 31416
  • Savannah History Association
    303 Martin Luther King Jr. Blvd
    Savannah, GA 31401-4217
  • Savannah River Valley Genealogical Society
    110 Benson St.
    Hartwell, GA 30643-1704

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Georgia.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Screven County, Georgia" in https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Screven_County,_Georgia accessed 5 Nov 2018
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Georgia.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Screven County, Georgia. Page 151-163 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 155-160.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Paul K. Graham, Georgia Courthouse Disasters (Decatur, Georgia: Genealogy Co., 2013), 51. At various libraries (WorldCat).
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Georgia.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Screven_County,_Georgia," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seminole_County,_Georgia#Cities_and_communities, accessed 7 Oct 2019.
  8. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/images/5/53/Igigeorgiamz.pdf.