Saluda County, South Carolina Genealogy

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Guide to Saluda County, South Carolina Genealogy ancestry, family history and genealogy court records, deeds, maps, immigration, maps, military records, newspapers, obituaries, plantations, probate records, slaves, local archives, libraries, museums, churches, cemeteries, and Civil War records.

Saluda County, South Carolina
Map of South Carolina highlighting Saluda County
Location in the state of South Carolina
Map of the U.S. highlighting South Carolina
Location of South Carolina in the U.S.
Founded March 2, 1897
County Seat Greenwood

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named for the Saluda River. The County is located in the west central area of the state. [1]

Saluda County, South Carolina Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[2]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1915 1911 1915 1896 1896 1896 1790
*Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1915. General compliance by 1918.

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Saluda County Courthouse

Saluda County Courthouse
100 E. Church St.
Saluda, South Carolina 29138

Probate Judge
100 E. Church St., Suite 4
Saluda, SC 29138
Phone: 864-445-4500
Probate and marriage records

Clerk of Court
100 E. Church St., Suite 6
Saluda, SC 29138
Phone: 864-445-4500
Court and land records

8:30 a.m. - 5 p.m. Monday - Friday

Quick Facts[edit | edit source]

Saluda River at Walden, S.C.
The county is named after the Saluda River, which flows through Western South Carolina.[3]

Parent County[edit | edit source]

1896--Saluda County was created 25 February 1896 from Edgefield County.
County seat: Saluda [4]

County Pronunciation[edit | edit source]

  1. Hear it spoken[5]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

For animated maps illustrating South Carolina county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation South Carolina County Boundary Maps" (1682-1987) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Places/Localities[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[6]

Unincorporated communities
  • Mount Willing

Resources[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

African Americans[edit | edit source]

Known plantations South Carolina Plantations:

  • Crouch
  • Wheaten Pynes

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county Family History Library
Billion Graves WorldCat Billion Graves
FamilySearch Places
See South Carolina Cemeteries for more information.

Census[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1900 18,966
1910 20,943 10.4%
1920 22,088 5.5%
1930 18,148 −17.8%
1940 17,192 −5.3%
1950 15,924 −7.4%
1960 14,554 −8.6%
1970 14,528 −0.2%
1980 16,150 11.2%
1990 16,357 1.3%
2000 19,181 17.3%
2010 19,875 3.6%
Source: "".

1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930 federal population schedules of Saluda County are available online. For tips on accessing census records online, see South Carolina Census. If you're having trouble finding your ancestors in online indexes, try checking printed indexes. Created by local experts familiar with the area's families, these indexes are often transcribed more accurately than online nationwide indexes.

See South Carolina Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book for more information about statewide printed indexes.

Church History and Records[edit | edit source]

The Inventory of (SC) Church Archives 1937-1939 is available for free online, courtesy: South Caroliniana Library. Saluda County's W.P.A. reports are included.

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Saluda County has court records from 1896 that are held in the office of the Clerk of Court. In 1896 Saluda County was created from Edgefield County which was a part of the Ninety-Six District from 1785 - 1800. The records of the Ninety-Six District courts are housed in Abbeville County with the Clerk of Court, and the records for Edgefield County are held with that county's Clerk of Court.

The South Carolina Archives and History Center has court records available on microfilm for Saluda County.

DNA[edit | edit source]

DNA Double Helix.png
DNA has been collected from men claiming descent from the following Charleston County residents. FamilySearch has not independently verified the lineages of those tested.

Genealogy[edit | edit source]

This bibliography will eventually identify all known family histories published about residents of this county. Use this list to:

  • Locate publications about direct ancestors
  • Find the most updated accounts of an ancestor's family
  • Identify publications, to quote Elizabeth Shown Mills, about an ancestor's "FAN Club" (Friends, Associates, and Neighbors)


As of August 2010, a query for persons born in Saluda, South Carolina at World Connect, produces more than 6,500 results.

Surname indexes to Leonardo Andrea's Files | Folders | Resources are available online, courtesy: The Andrea Files: South Carolina Genealogical Research. Gotoarrow.png Learn more.

  • The Family History of Saluda County 1895-1980, Saluda, South Carolina. n.p.: Inter Collegiate Press, (1980?). FHL 975.738 D3f

Message Boards


  • Buff - Buff, L.H. and Janice Gartman Lee. Buffs and Millers Along the Saluda: Some Descendants of Andrew Buff of Central SC. n.p.: L.H. Buff & J.G. Lee, 2001. FHL Book 929.273 B863bL.
  • Etheredge - Etheredge, Hamlin Walpole. Our Etheredge Family Circles from 1753 to 1953. Johnston, S.C.: Ridge Citizen Publishers, 1953. Reprint: FHL Book 929.273 Et36eh.
  • Gault - Gault, Charles B. Portrait Album of the Family of Mr. and Mrs. Francis Beers Gault of Lake Waccamaw and Wilmington, North Carolina. Typescript. Microfilmed 1971: FHL Film 844967 Item 6.
  • Hendricks - Frontier Hendricks Association. Hendricks/etc. in South Carolina Backcountry Elsewhere than in Forks of Broad and Saluda--After the Revolution [Unauthorized]. FHL 929.27305 H385hf
  • Jones - Phelps, Dallas LeRoy. Descendants of William A. Jones of Edgefield and Saluda County, S.C. 2003. FHL 1573699 Item 109
  • Langford - Langford, George Shealy. Langfords in America Sketches on Early Arrivals and Migrations: Genealogical Recording on Descendants from Early Saluda River, South Carolina Families (Lexington, Newberry, Saluda and Old Edgefield Counties), 1773-1975: Some Related Families [of] Holley, Waters, Shealy, Timms, Robertson. College Park, Md.: Langford, 1977. FHL 929.273 L263a
  • Langford - Langford, George Shealy. Sketches About Langfords, 1632-1980. Book 2. College Park, Md.: G.S. Langford, 1981. FHL Book 929.273 L263L.
  • Long - Evans, Eytive Long. A Documented History of the Long Family, Switzerland to South Carolina, 1578-1956, Including Allied Families a Documentary Record of the Long (Lang) Family of Newberry, Edgefield, and Saluda Counties, South Carolina, Including Many Allied Families. 1956. FHL 929.273 L85e
  • Merchant - Phelps, Dallas LeRoy. The Merchant-Padgett Family of Edgefield and Saluda County, South Carolina. Camden, S.C.: D.L. Phelps, 2008. FHL 929.273 M535pda
  • Padgett - Paget, James Suddath and Dallas LeRoy Phelps. Watson-Smith-Padgett Families of Edgefield and Saluda Counties, South Carolina. 1995. FHL 1750833 Item 19
  • Padgett - Phelps, Dallas LeRoy. Descendants of Mark Manuel Padget, Edgefield County, South Carolina. Camden, S.C.: D.L. Phelps, 1998. FHL Book 929.273 P133pd.
  • Padgett - Phelps, Dallas LeRoy. The Merchant-Padgett Family of Edgefield and Saluda County, South Carolina. Camden, S.C.: D.L. Phelps, 2008. FHL 929.273 M535pda
  • Rucker - Holcomb, Brent H. and Katherine L. Hester. The Rucker Family of South Carolina, 1752-1983. Greenville, S.C.: A Press, 1983. FHL Book 929.273 R828h.
  • Smith - Paget, James Suddath and Dallas LeRoy Phelps. Watson-Smith-Padgett Families of Edgefield and Saluda Counties, South Carolina. 1995. FHL 1750833 Item 19
  • Watson - Paget, James Suddath and Dallas LeRoy Phelps.Watson-Smith-Padgett Families of Edgefield and Saluda Counties, South Carolina. 1995. FHL 1750833 Item 19

History[edit | edit source]

Land and Property[edit | edit source]

Because of South Carolina’s history as an agricultural state many residents owned land. For more information abou types of land records see South Carolina Land and Property.

Tracing records through South Carolina county and district changes can be difficult. In general, for earliest records begin by searching the Charleston District, then your ancestor’s residential district, then neighboring districts, then the residential county, then neighboring counties. Not all districts and counties kept records. The following chart shows where you may best expect to find land records for Saluda County:

Tracing Land Currently in Saluda County originating in Edgefield County with Parent Counties and Districts [7]
Date Government Office  
1897-present Saluda County
1868-1897 Edgefield County
1800-1868 Edgefield District
1785-1800 Edgefield County (old) *
1769-1785 Ninety-Six District
1719-1769 Charleston District
1710-1719 Proprietary Land Grants

* First deed book is missing

Plats For State Land Grants 1784-1868

This series consists of recorded copies of plats for state land grants for the Charleston and the Columbia Series with their certificates of admeasurement or certification. All personal names and geographic features on these plats are included in the repository's On-line Index to Plats for State Land Grants

The South Carolina Constitution of 1790 required the surveyor general to maintain offices in both the new capital at Columbia and in Charleston. The surveyor general began to use separate volumes for recording plats in his Columbia office in 1796. Before that, all plats were recorded in the set of volumes begun in Charleston in 1784. After 1796, most plats for land grants in the Upper Division of the state were recorded and filed in Columbia. The surveyor general chose to make the Columbia volumes a continuation of the state plat volumes begun in Charleston and gave the initial Columbia volume the number thirty-six to correspond with the number of the volume that had then been reached in the Charleston series. As a result, there are volumes numbered thirty-six through forty-three from each office, but the records in them are not duplicative.

Also included are the Plan Books containing Plats and Plans.

Maps[edit | edit source]

Newberry CountyLexington CountyAiken CountyEdgefield CountyGreenwood CountySC SALUDA.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Military[edit | edit source]

Revolutionary War[edit | edit source]
  • "Veterans list, (sel.)," Genealogical Roots and Branches, Winter 2001, Volume 22, Issue 4. Old Ninety-Six Chapter: Greenwood, SC.
Civil War[edit | edit source]

Online Records

Regiments. Saluda County did not exist during the Civil War. Present day Saluda County was created 25 February 1896 from Edgefield County. During the Civil War, men from the area of Saluda County mostly would have served in various regiments recruited in Edgefield County. Counties were called districts during the Civil War.

Newspapers[edit | edit source]


The Library of Congress has identified the following historic newspapers for Saluda County, South Carolina on their Chronicling America website. For publication details, including dates of publication, frequency, preceding and succeeding titles, and to find out which libraries have holdings, click on the newspaper title.

University of South Carolina Library Catalog


Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Tap into the minds of local experts. Editors of genealogical periodicals publish unique sources that researchers new to their area may not encounter. Periodicals at various levels (county, region, and state) may carry articles useful to research in this area. For this county, see:

Probate[edit | edit source]

Probate is the “court procedure by which a will is proved to be valid or invalid” and encompasses “all matters and proceedings pertaining to the administration of estates, guardianships, etc.”[8] Various types of records are created throughout the probate process. These may include, wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. For further information see probate records in South Carolina.

The South Carolina Department of Archives and History has microfilms or typescripts of wills, inventories, bills of sale, power of attorneys, bonds, notes, administrations, judgments, and sales records. They have placed Will Transcriptions for 1782 to 1855 online. Index searchable by name, and images are available. Some estate records for Saluda County available on microfilm.

Probate records for Saluda County may be found in the court of ordinary or probate court, and the court of equity.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Tax-related records are kept by the offices of the county Assessor, Auditor, Sheriff, and Treasurer. Taxes were levied on real and personal property and can help establish ages, residences, relationships, and the year an individual died or left the area. They can be used as substitutes for missing or destroyed land and census records.

  • South Carolina Department of Archives and History tax lists for Saluda County.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Birth, marriage, and death records were not recorded by South Carolina until the 1900s, thus leaving a lack of vital records. Substitute records, when available, are used to obtain this information. These substitute records including newspapers, court records have been added to this section, when applicable.

Birth[edit | edit source]

State-wide birth registration began in 1915. For a copy of a birth from 1915 or later, contact the South Carolina Department of Health. The Saluda County Health Department also has copies but they provide only an abbreviated form with limited information. For more information, see the South Carolina Vital Records page.

Marriage[edit | edit source]

In South Carolina, marriage licenses were not required by local governments until 1 July 1911. However, in the 1700s, the Church of England parish churches were required to record all marriages - even if the couple were not members of the denomination. Not all churches recorded these marriages and some have not survived. See South Carolina Vital Records for more information.

The Saluda County probate court holds marriage licenses issued from 1 July 1911 to the present. Statewide registration of marriages began in July 1950 and the South Carolina Division of Vital Records has copies of licenses issued after 1 July 1950 through November 2009.

Newspapers are used as a substitute to locate marriage information.  See South Carolina Newspapers.

Marriages - Indexes and Records

  • 1911-1950 - Saluda County, South Carolina Marriage Licenses, 1911-1950 [9] FHL Collection - records
  • 1911-2000 - Saluda County, South Carolina Marriage Registers, 1911-ca. 2000 [10] FHL Collection - index and records
  • There are several online marriage indexes containing miscellaneous marriage records found in  some counties of South Carolina listed on the South Carolina Vital Records page.
Death[edit | edit source]

State-wide death registration began in 1915. For a copy of the death certificates from 1915 or later, contact the South Carolina Department of Health. The Saluda County Health Department only has copies for deaths occurring in the last 5 years. For more information, see the South Carolina Vital Records page.

Deaths - Indexes and Records

Archives, Libraries, and Museums[edit | edit source]

[edit | edit source]

Saluda Library
101 South Main Street
Saluda, SC 29138
Phone: Number: (864) 445-4500
Fax:(864) 445-2725
Hours: Monday, Wednesday, Friday 8:30-5:00, Tuesday, Thursday 8:30-6:00, Saturday, Sunday Closed
Online Catalog

The Saluda County Library has genealogy and local history offerings.

Ridge Spring Libraryand Welcome Center
636 Main Street
Ridge Spring, SC 29129
Phone Number: 803-685-BOOK (2665)
Hours: Monday 9:30-1:00, Tuesday 9:30-1:00, Thursday 8:30-12:30, Friday 12:30-5:00, Saturday 9:00-12:00

Museums[edit | edit source]

Saluda County Historical Museum & Theatre
105 Law Range
Saluda, SC 29138
Telephone: (864) 445-8550
This museum houses historical artifacts and ancestral information pertaining to Saluda County

Societies - Genealogical, Historical, Lineage[edit | edit source]

  • Saluda County Historical Society
    109 Law Range Street
    Saluda, SC 29138
    (864) 445-8550

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Websites[edit | edit source]

Wikipedia has more about this subject: Saluda County, South Carolina

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Saluda, South Carolina," in,_South_Carolina. accessed 15/07/2019
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Saluda County, South Carolina. Page 611-615 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 607-608.
  3. List of counties in South Carolina
  4. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  5. Voice of Phillip Stalvey, resident of Myrtle Beach, S.C. (2011).
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Saluda County, South Carolina," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_South_Carolina, accessed 28 December 2019.
  7. Schweitzer, George K. , South Carolina Genealogical Research (Knoxville, Tennessee: s.p. 1985), 39-42, FHL book 975.7 D27s
  8. Henry Campbell Black, Black's Law Dictionary, 5th ed. (St. Paul, Minnesota: West Publishing Co., 1979), 1081, "probate."
  9. South Carolina, Probate Court (Saluda County), Saluda County, South Carolina Marriage Licenses, 1911-1950, Salt Lake City, UT: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 2001.
  10. Saluda County, South Carolina Marriage Registers, 1911-ca. 2000, Salt Lake City, UT: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 2001.