Reute Parish, Appenzell Ausserrhoden, Switzerland Genealogy

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Guide to Reute Parish, Appenzell Ausserrhoden, Switzerland ancestry, family history, and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Karte Gemeinde Reute 2010.png

Geography[edit | edit source]

Reute lies in the mountains between Heiden and Rebstein. The parish divides the Innerrhoden Parish of Oberegg into two pieces. It is divided into three districts which are individual hamlets: Mohren, Reute, and Schachen. It has an area of 4.9 square kilometers (1.9 square miles).  The area is divided thusly:

40.4% agriculture
52.7% forest
6.9% settlement

Click here for a geographical map of Appenzell Ausserrhoden, including Reute.

History[edit | edit source]

Reute was created during the Reformation during the division of Appenzell. The residents of Hirschberg were mainly Catholic and wanted to remain with the Innerrhoden, while the Protestant minority wanted to become part of the Ausserrhoden. During the division of Appenzell (known as the Landteilungsbrief or Land division treaty), the land owned by the Protestants became Reute in Ausserrhoden. The Catholic portion of Hirschberg became part of the parish of Oberegg. The residents of Reute belonged to the parishes of Marbach, Berneck, and Altstätten in Sankt Gallen until 1687, when an independent church was built and the parish was established and named Reute.

Place Names[edit | edit source]

Locations within Reute[edit | edit source]

Bechreuthe
Berg
Buchtobel
Bühl
Eschenmoos
Hägli
Hard
Herren
Hirschberg
Hof

Horn
Kapf
Klen
Knollhausen
Knuser
Laderen
Mohren
Rank
Reute

Rickenbach
Rohnen
Säge
Schachen
Schwellmühle
Schwendi
Städeli
Steinigocht
Watt

Surrounding Parishes[edit | edit source]

Click here for a map showing Reute in relation to the rest of Canton Appenzell Ausserrhoden.

Balgach (Sankt Gallen)
Heiden
Marbach (Sankt Gallen)
Oberegg (Appenzell Innerrhoden)
Rebstein (St. Gallen)

Collections[edit | edit source]

Church Records[edit | edit source]

The church records for Reute are now available online from the Appenzell Ausserrhoden State Archives. They are organized by volume. Click here to access these records.

Reute was established as a Reformed protestant parish in 1687 from the parish of Berneck, the Parish of Marbach, and the Parish of Altstätten. Some baptisms of citizens of Reute were extracted from the three parishes from 1658 onward. Records held by the Family History Library include baptisms (Taufen) 1698-1840, marriages (Heiraten) 1698-1828, and burials (Toten) 1698-1829. Records after this time period are housed at the Cantonal Archive in Herisau, Switzerland.

The following family book (Familienbuch) records exist for Reute, and the following are found in the rectory of the parish church:

Volume 1 (1828) - household visitation book
Volume 2 (1841) - family register
Volume 3 (1846) - household visitation book
Volume 4 (1849) - household visitation book
Volume 5 (1852) - household visitation book
Volume 6 (1856) - household visitation book
Volume 7 (1866) - household visitation book
Volume 8 (19th century) - Family register of citizens
Volumes 9-11 (19th century) - Family register of citizens
Volume 12 (19th-20th centuries) - Family register of citizens

Other family books (Familienbuch) available at the Family History Library are those that were established in 1740, 1786, and 1830. They contain information into the late 1600s. They include:

Familien-Register #1 early
Familien-Register #2 1861
Familien-Register #3 1875

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Census records, taken by the Zürich Synod, exist for the area that is now Reute. Different parts of Reute were enumerated under three different parishes: Altstätten, Berneck, and Marbach.

Census Records: Altstätten[edit | edit source]
Census Year FHL Film number Item number Beginning page
1634 1185140 2 783
1637 1185142 2 625
1640 1185144 1 843
1643 1185147 1 827
1646 1185148 2 981
1649 1185150 1 541
1671 1185155 2 751
1678 1185157 2 609
1682 1185161 2 35
Census Records: Berneck[edit | edit source]
Census Year FHL Film number item number beginning page
1634 1185140 2 831
1637 1185142 2 669
1640 1185144 1 881
1643 1185147 1 857
1646 1185148 2 1031
1649 1185150 1 595
1652 1185150 3 1293
1671 1185155 2 813
Census Records: Marbach[edit | edit source]
Census Year FHL Film number item number beginning page
1634 1185140 2 896
1637 1185142 2 657
1640 1185144 1 873
1643 1185147 1 872
1646 1185148 2 1004
1649 1185150 1 569

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

(see here for article describing Swiss compiled genealogies)

The following genealogies have been researched for Reute:

Künzler family], by Julius Billeter (FHL Film 1,183,714)
Niederer family, by Julius Billeter (FHL Film 127,965; see also FHL Film 193,480)

Civil Registration[edit | edit source]

Civil registration began in 1876. Reute belongs to the Vorderland civil registration district. Records are only available in Switzerland. For further information, contact the civil registry office at:

Zivilstandsamt Vorderland Appenzell Ausserrhoden
St. Gallerstrasse 9
Postfach 13
CH - 9038 Rehetobel

Tel: +41 71 878 70 20

email: jeannette.eisenhut@rehetobel.ar.ch

Surnames[edit | edit source]

The following surnames have citizenship in Reute prior to 1875:

Bänziger
Eugster
Fröhlich (extinct)
Graf
Hohl
Keller
Klee
Knechtli

Künzler
Niederer
Rechsteiner
Reifler (extinct)
Rohner
Rumel (extinct)
Sturzenegger

Related Sources[edit | edit source]

The town's website (in German) can be found here.

Societies and Libraries[edit | edit source]

Cantonal Archive of Appenzell Ausserrhoden (in German)

References[edit | edit source]

Register of Swiss Surnames

Registry of Appenzell Ausserrhoden, by Mario von Moos