Austro-Hungarian Empire Genealogy

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Saxony-Anhalt Background

The Holy Roman Empire was the major political entity in the heart of Europe between 1500 and 1806. Austrian Empire begin in 1814 and the Austro-Hungarian Empire, or the Dual Monarchy, after 1867. The Empire lasted until the end of World War I in 1918.

For Austria-Hungary Research, You Must Know Your Ancestors' Town[edit | edit source]

  • To begin using the records of the countries formerly in the Austro-Hungarian Empire, just knowing that your family came from the country will not be enough. Records are kept on the local level, so you will have to know the town they lived in.
  • Details about the town will also help:
    • the county of that town,
    • where the closest Evangelical Lutheran, Catholic, Greek Orthodox, etc. parish church was (depending on their religion),
    • where the civil registration office was, and
    • if you have only a village name, you will need the name of the larger town it was part of.

Research to Find the Town[edit | edit source]

If you do not yet know the name of the town of your ancestor's birth, there are well-known strategies for a thorough hunt for it.

If You Know the Town, Next Use the GenTeam Gazetteer[edit | edit source]

GenTeam is an online gazetteer that covers the current countries of Austria, Czech Republic, and Slovenia (most of the area belonging to the Austro-Hungarian Empire). It gives former (German) and current names of locations, the name of the parish, the beginning year of the records, and the archive that holds the records. It will also give details on earlier parishes the locality belonged to. It then links to the website of that archive.

This is an example of a typical parish record entry that you will see:

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Research Help[edit | edit source]

The chart and map below are clickable and will lead to instructional articles for each region of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

Austria (English)

1. Bohemia
2. Bukowina
3. Carinthia
4. Carniola
5. Dalmatia
6. Austrian Poland (Galicia)
7. Austrian Littoral
8. Lower Austria
9. Moravia
10. Salzburg

Österreich (German name)

1. Böhmen
2. Bukovina
3. Kärnten
4. Krain
5. Dalmatien
6. Galizien
7. Küstenland
8. Niederösterreich
9. Mähren
10. Salzburg

Austria (English)

11. Silesia
12. Styria
13. Tyrol
14. Upper Austria
15. Vorarlberg
16. Hungary
17. Croatia-Slavonia
18. Transylvania
19. Lombardy-Venetia
20. Vojvodina and Banat

Österreich (German name)

11. Schlesien
12. Steiermark
13. Tirol
14. Oberösterreich
15. Vorarlberg
16. Ungarn
17. Kroatien-Slawonien
18. Siebenbürgen
19. Lombardei-Venetien
20. Woiwodina und Banat


BohemiaMoraviaLower AustriaUpper AustriaSalzburgVorarlbergTyrolLombardy-VenetiaKüstenlandCarniolaCroatia-SlavoniaDalmatiaCarinthiaStyriaHungaryVojvodina and BanatBukovinaTransylvaniaGaliciaSilesiaSilesiaKaisertumOsterreich.png

Other Geographic Names[edit | edit source]

Some of these regions temporarily were known by other names:

  • Illyria: existed from1816-1849, split into Carniola, Carinthia and the Austrian Littoral.
  • Istria: the Istrian Peninsula within today's Croatia, formerly part of the Austria Littoral (Küstenland)
  • Sudetenland: in the first half of the 20th century, Bohemia, Moravia, and part of Silesia.
  • Lodomeria: Galicia was referred to as Galicia and Lodmeria, although Lodemeria was not a separategeographic region, just part of the name.
  • Princely County of Gorizia and Gradisca: a part of Austrian Littoral, now in Italy.
  • Trieste: a small city-state in Austrian Littoral, now in Italy.