Quebec Military Records

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General Military Records Online[edit | edit source]

These records at Ancestry.com can be searched free-of-charge at a Family History Center near you.

1608-1760[edit | edit source]

  • The Carignan-Salières Regiment (1665-1669)
  • Compagnies franches de la marine
  • Troupes de Terre
  • List of the French Regiments that were at the Plains of Abraham, 13 September 1759
  • The Militia
"At the beginning of the colony, the commercial monopolies were responsible for its defense. No records are known to exist. New France was constantly threatened by the Iroquois Nation and unable to adequately defend itself. In 1665, the King of France sent the Carignan-Salières Regiment, consisting of 1,200 men. Once the danger of conflict had passed, the soldiers were encouraged to settle in the colony. About one third of them elected to remain as settlers.
"After the recall of the Carignan-Salières Regiment, the defense of the colony was left to the local militias, which were organized in 1669. The first permanent troops, the Compagnies franches de la marine, were organized in 1683. They were infantrymen and it was these troops who were responsible for defending all of France's North American colonies. The colonial officer corps in Canada was gradually staffed by men born in the colony, so that by 1755 nearly all the officers were Canadian. By 1757, there were 40 companies in Canada.
"The regular army in North America, the Troupes de Terre, staffed by French officers and men, was always very small. Seven of these regiments, along with 40 of the Compagnies franches de la marine, participated at the battle on the Plains of Abraham in 1759.
"It should be noted that throughout the years, soldiers who served in North America were encouraged to settle in the colonies when discharged. Few records relating to military service in New France have survived."[1]

War of 1812[edit | edit source]

Under both the French and British governments, able-bodied men were required to serve in a local militia. There are some lists of militia members.

  • A list of militia members for the War of 1812 is in: Index des miliciens, 1812–1814 (Index of Militia Members During the War of 1812). [Sainte-Foy, Québec, Canada]: Archives nationales du Québec, 1983. (On 11 Family History Library fiche 6334280.) Text in French. Lists the names of 4,900 men who received land warrants for military service. Includes regiment, residence, and occupation.
  • Brief biographies of militia officers in the War of 1812 are in: Lépine, Luc. Les officiers de milice du Bas-Canada, 1812–1815 (Lower Canada's Militia Officers 1812–1815). Montréal, Québec, Canada: Société Généalogique Canadienne-Française, 1996. (Family History Library book 971.4 M2L.) WorldCat

World War I (1914-1918)[edit | edit source]

Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF) service records are available through the Personnel Records Unit of the National Archives of Canada. These service records contain detailed information from enlistment to discharge. Information may include each person's date and pace of birth, address at time of enlistment, name and address of next of kin, marital status, occupation, personal description (eye and hair color, height, weight, distinctive marks or scars), and religion.

World War II[edit | edit source]

Library and Archives Canada[edit | edit source]

Library and Archives Canada holds an extensive collection of records of the Canadian men and women who have served their country in the military and in the early years of the North West Mounted Police. There are records relating to Loyalists, the War of 1812, the Rebellions, the South African War, the First World War and the Second World War, many of which are featured in databases, research guides and virtual exhibitions. The records include muster rolls, military service files, unit war diaries, medal registers, photographic collections, documentary art and posters, as well as published sources.[2]


This Wiki article emphasizes major collections that are available online. There are numerous smaller collections available on-site at the Library and Archives Canada. Military Heritage provides listings for those records.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "New France", Military Heritage, Library and Archives Canada, https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/discover/military-heritage/Pages/new-france.aspx, accessed 21 Octiber 2020.
  2. "Military Heritage", Library and Archives Canada, https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/discover/military-heritage/Pages/military-heritage.aspx, accessed 21 October 2020.