Philippines Emigration and Immigration
|Philippines Wiki Topics|
|Local Research Resources|
- 1 How to Find the Records
- 2 Finding the Town of Origin in Philippines
- 3 Philippines Emigration and Immigration
- 4 Records of Emigrants in Their Destination Nations
- 5 For Further Reading
- 6 References
How to Find the Records[edit | edit source]
Upcoming Records to Be Published[edit | edit source]
Online Sources[edit | edit source]
- Immigrant Ancestors Project
- Immigrant Ships Transcribers Guild Choose a volume and then choose the Philippines under "Listed by Port of Departure" or "Listed by Port of Arrival".
- 1501-1901 Chinos II, 1501-1901, Censuses, passports, passenger lists and other documents regarding the Chinese in the Philippines.
- 1768-1918 Radicación de extranjeros, 1768-1918, images. Requests and permits of foreigners to establish residence in the Philippines. The records contain name, marital status, age, birthplace and occupation. Some give death date.
- 1827-1898 Radicacion de extrangeros, 1827-1898 Requests and permits of foreigners to establish residence in the Philippines. The records contain name, marital status, age, birthplace and occupation. Some give death date. Records contain those who came from Austria, Spain, France, Germany, Australia, Portugal, China, Italy, Japan, Turkey, Belgium, Switzerland, Prussia, Arabia and America. A bulk of later records contain naturalization of the Spanish group.
- 1843-1898 Estados Unidos, 1843-1898, images. Passports, requests to disembark, residency certificates and other related documents of United States citizens in the Philippines. Includes inscriptions of U. S. citizens in "El Registro de Extranjeros". These often give name, age, place of birth, marital status, religion, profession and address. Some Japanese citizens are also included.
- 1852-1897 Deportados, 1852-1897 at FamilySearch Catalog; images only
- 1870-1898 Japón, 1870-1898, images. Passports, requests to disembark, residency certificates and other related documents of Japanese citizens in the Philippines. Includes inscriptions of Japanese citizens in "El Registro de Extranjeros". These often give name, age, place of birth, marital status, religion, profession and address.
- 1878-1960 UK and Ireland, Incoming Passenger Lists, 1878-1960, at Ancestry.com, index and images. ($)
- 1890-1960 Passenger Lists Leaving UK 1890-1960 at FindMyPast; index & images ($); includes those with Destination of Philippines
- 1892-1924 New York Passenger Arrival Lists (Ellis Island), 1892-1924 Search results for the Philippines
- 1937-1941 Philippines, Jewish Refugees, 1937-1941, index.
- 1946-1971 Free Access: Africa, Asia and Europe, Passenger Lists of Displaced Persons, 1946-1971 Ancestry, free. Index and images. Passenger lists of immigrants leaving Germany and other European ports and airports between 1946-1971. The majority of the immigrants listed in this collection are displaced persons - Holocaust survivors, former concentration camp inmates and Nazi forced laborers, as well as refugees from Central and Eastern European countries and some non-European countries.
British Residents[edit | edit source]
- British Armed Forces and Overseas Births and Baptisms, Philippines, index and images, ($)
- British Armed Forces and Overseas Banns and Marriages, Philippines, index and images, ($)
- British Armed Forces and Overseas Deaths and Burials, index and images, ($)
Immigration to Hawaii[edit | edit source]
- 1900-1953 Hawaii, Honolulu passenger lists : COLLECTION RECORD, 1900-1953
- 1906-1949 Passenger manifests of Filipino contract laborers Records of the Hawaii Sugar Planter’s Association, index and images. The card records contain information on contract workers and their dependents, including name, age, sex, date of arrival and/or departure, and plantation assignment. In addition, some cards contain fingerprint records, information regarding special conditions or changes in contract, and village or region of origin. A special “Dependents” class of card records contains information about spouses and children of contract workers, including dates and places of birth, and dates of arrival and/or departure.
Passports[edit | edit source]
- 1758-1898 Pasaportes II, 1758-1898 at FamilySearch Catalog; images only
- 1768-1918 Radicación de extranjeros, 1768-1918, images. Bundle 2 includes passports.
- 1820-1898 Registros civiles, 1820-1898, images. Spanish and Philippine passports.
- 1860-1898 Pasaportes de extranjeros, 1860-1898 at FamilySearch Catalog; images only
- 1866-1897 Pasaportes de chinos, 1866-1897, images. Chinese passports
Finding the Town of Origin in Philippines[edit | edit source]
If you are using emigration/immigration records to find the name of your ancestors' town in Philippines, see Philippines Finding Town of Origin for additional research strategies.
Philippines Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]
"Emigration" means moving out of a country. "Immigration" means moving into a country.
Emigration and immigration sources list the names of people leaving (emigrating) or arriving (immigrating) in the country. These sources may be passenger lists, permissions to emigrate, or records of passports issued. The information in these records may include the emigrants’ names, ages, occupations, destinations, and places of origin or birthplaces. Sometimes they also show family groups.
Immigration to the Philippines[edit | edit source]
- Spanish colonization began in 1565. In 1571, Spanish Manila became the capital of the Spanish East Indies', which encompassed Spanish territories in Asia and the Pacific.
- The Spanish successfully invaded the different local states, bringing most of what is now the Philippines into a single unified administration.
- From 1565 to 1821, the Philippines was governed as part of the Mexico-based Viceroyalty of New Spain, later administered from Madrid following the Mexican War of Independence.
- Manila was the western hub of the trans-Pacific trade.
- During its rule, Spain quelled various indigenous revolts, as well as defending against external military challenges. Spanish forces included soldiers from elsewhere in New Spain, many of whom deserted and intermingled with the wider population. Under Spanish rule there was also immigration from elsewhere in the empire, especially from Latin America'.
- Chinese Filipinos are mostly the descendants of immigrants from Fujian in China' after 1898, numbering around 2 million, although there are an estimated 20 percent of Filipinos who have partial Chinese ancestry, stemming from precolonial and colonial Chinese migrants.
- As of 2015, there were 220,000 to 600,000 American citizens' living in the country. There are also up to 250,000 Amerasians scattered across the cities of Angeles, Manila, Clark and Olongapo.
- Other important non-indigenous minorities include Indians and Arabs.
- There are also Japanese people, which include escaped Christians (Kirishitan) who fled persecutions which the Spanish empire in the Philippines had offered asylum from.
Filipino Immigration to the United States[edit | edit source]
- Some Filipino immigrants arrived in the United States as early as the mid-1700s, but most immigrants came after 1900.
- Changes in U.S. agricultural techniques on the West Coast and in Hawaii created a high demand for labor. While persons from many countries were recruited to work in Hawaiian sugar cane plantations, Filipinos were the best source of labor because the Philippines was under U.S. administration for the first few decades of the twentieth-century.
- Between 1900 and 1930, over 63,000 Filipinos immigrated to Hawaii and over 45,000 Filipinos immigrated to the mainland.
Emigration From the Philippines[edit | edit source]
Listed below are statistics for countries with large Filipino populations. Information on additional countries with smaller Filipino populations can be found at Overseas Filipinos: Countries and territories with Filipino populations
- Australia: In the 2016 Census, there were 232,386 Filipino Australia.
- Canada: As of 2016, 851,410 Filipinos live in Canada.
- Hong Kong: As of 2016, there were 186,869 Filipinos living in Hong Kong.
- Italy: As of 2015, there were 168,238 documented Filipinos living in Italy.
- Japan: As of 2020, the Philippine government confirmed there were 325,000 Filipinos in Japan.
- Malaysia: 325,089 Filipinos live in Malaysia.
- New Zealand: As of 2013, there were about 40,000 Filipino New Zealanders in New Zealand.
- Qatar: As of 2014, there were approximately 195,000 Filipinos in Qatar.
- Singapore: As of 2017, over 175,000 Ooerseas Filipinos in Singapore.
- South Korea: As of 2017, there were about 63,000 Filipinos in South Korea.
- Spain: There are about 150,000 Filipino nationals in Spain. In addition, thousands more hold dual citizenship. Being a former colony of Spain, Filipinos can apply for dual citizenship within two years residence.
- Sweden: As of 2018, there were 24,456 Filipinos in Sweden.
- Taiwan: As of 2016, there were about 78,000 Filipinos in Taiwan.
- United Kingdom: The 2011 census recorded 117,457 people born in the Philippines resident in England, 5,168 in Wales, 4,264 in Scotland and 2,947 in Northern Ireland, making a total of 129,836.
- United States: As of 2010, there were 3.4 million Filipinos in the United States, including those of partial descent. The United States hosts the largest population of Filipinos outside the Philippines, with a Historic Filipino town in Los Angeles designated in August 2002, the first district established outside the Philippines to honor and recognize the area's Filipino community. Most Filipino Americans reside in California; there are other large populations in the New York metropolitan area, and Hawaii.
Records of Emigrants in Their Destination Nations[edit | edit source]
|One option is to look for records about the ancestor in the country of destination, the country they immigrated into. See links to immigration records for major destination countries below.|
For Further Reading[edit | edit source]
There are additional sources listed in the FamilySearch Catalog:
References[edit | edit source]
- "Philippines", in Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philippines#Colonial_rule_(1565%E2%80%931946), accessed 23 June 2021.
- "Overseas Filipinos", in Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overseas_Filipinos, accessed 23 June 2021.