Paiute Tribes

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Introduction[edit | edit source]

Two major groups: Northern Paiute and the Southern Paiute.

Ancestral homelands: Northern Paiute in what is now northwestern Nevada, southeastern Oregon, southwestern Idaho, and northeastern California.Southern Paiute in area now western Utah, southern Nevada, northwestern Arizona, and southeastern California. Another group live along the Sierra Nevada in southeastern California - the Owen Valley Paiute

Tribal Headquarters[edit | edit source]

Fallon Band of Paiute-Shoshone

Fallon Band of Paiute-Shoshone
8955 Mission Road
Fallon, Nevada 89406
Telephone: 1-702-423-6075
Local call from the Reno area: 1-323-3780 Fax:1-702-423-5202

Fort McDermitt Paiute

Fort McDermitt Paiute
P.O. Box 457
McDermitt, Nevada 89421
Telephone: 1-702-532-8259

U-tu Utu Gwaitu Paiute

U-tu Utu Gwaitu Paiute Tribe
567 Yellow Jacket Road
Benton, CA 93512
Ph. 1-760-933-2321
Fax 1-760-933-2412

History[edit | edit source]

Brief Timeline[edit | edit source]

  • 1776: Spanish explorers, Francisco Atanasio Dominquez and Silvestre Veles de Escalante
  • 1878: Bannock War
  • 1825: Contact with Jedediah Smith - fur trapper and trader
  • 1827: Peter Skene Ogden- fur trapper and trader
  • 1833: Joseph Walker
  • 1849: Gold discovered in California
  • 1858-1859:Coeur d'Alene War The Northern Paiute were allies of the Coeur d'Alene
  • 1860: Paiute War or Pyramid Lake War, the Indians routed an estimated 400 whites.
  • 1861: Battle Mountain second major encounter with federal troops
  • 1863: Western Shoshone and Northern PPaiutes were assigned to reservations
  • 1866-67: Snake War
  • Some members of the tribe Settled on the Malheur Reservation in Oregon
  • 1881- 1888: Paiute Indians in California, Nevada, Oregon and the Territory of Washington, migration to reservations at: Malheur River in Oregona and Fort McDermitt and Pyramid Lake in Nevada.
  • 1888-89: Jack Wilson (Wovoka), a Northern Paiute proclaimed a religion called the Ghost Dance; influenced by Wodziwob of the Walker River Reservation, who began practicing his version of the Ghost Dance in 1870. The Ghost Dance Religion spread to tribes all over the West.
  • 1957: Paiute Indians of Utah terminated, Tribal Membership 232, Tribal land 42,839
  • 1992: population 11,045, (7,323 Northern Paiute; 2,266 Owens Valley Paiute; and 1,456 Southern Paiute)

Additional References[edit | edit source]

Ruth Hermann. The Paiutes of Pyramid Lake. San Jose, CA. Harlan-Young Press, 1972. FHL Book 970.3 P166h

Agencies[edit | edit source]

Fort Bidwell Agency

Nevada Agency

Western Navaho

Bishop Agency

Reservations[edit | edit source]

Malheur Reservation

Walker River Reservation

Superintendencies[edit | edit source]

Nevada Superintendency

Utah Superintendency

Oregon Superintendency

Additional References[edit | edit source]

Bands and Groups[edit | edit source]

The term or designation of Paiute Indians is a very broad categorization of several bands and/or federally recognized tribes within the group so named. They are sometimes divided into Northern Paiute and Southern Paiute, and are sometimes grouped together with other tribes such as the Shoshone or Bannock Indians. For the most part, they have historically lived in the Great Basin area, and have ranged from Oregon and Idaho on the north to Arizona and southern California on the south, and from Utah on the east to northern California on the west. Some of the tribes, bands, or groups of Paiutes, with their colonies or reservations, include:

Records[edit | edit source]


Alphabetical List of Paiute and Washoe Indian Allottes: Carson City Series, and Public Domain Shoshones and Others of Elko Series in Nevada. FHL Book 970.1 Al #5

Correspondence and Census[edit | edit source]

Tribe Agency Location of Original Records

Pre-1880 Correspondence

M234 RG 75 Rolls 962

Roll Number




Post-1885 Census

M595 RG 75 Rolls 693

Roll Number




Paiute Fort Bidwell Agency, 1910-31 San Francisco - - 224-28, 330-34, 640-45

FHL 576492

and 579740-579744

Paiute Nevada Agency, 1886-1905 San Francisco - - 288 FHL 579698-579699

Paiute Western Navajo Agency, 1902-17 Los Angeles - 12, 18-19, 104,137, 149, 167, 199, 227-28, 252,268,288-89, 330-34, 410, 460, 615, 629-48 -



Paiute Bishop Agency, 1916 Washington D.C. - - 2 FHL 573848 Film
Paiute Fallon (Lovelocks) School, 1909-24 San Francisco - - 104, 252 FHL 575796

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Important Websites[edit | edit source]

General[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]