Osage County, Kansas Genealogy

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Guide to Osage County, Kansas ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Lyndon
Organized: August 30, 1855
Parent County(s): Original county[1]
Neighboring Counties
Coffey  • Douglas  • Franklin  • Lyon  • Shawnee  • Wabaunsee
See County Maps
Location Map
200px-Map of Kansas highlighting Osage County svg.bmp

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named for the Osage Nation. The County is located in the east central area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Osage County Courthouse
717 Topeka Street
Lyndon, Kansas 66451-0226
Phone: 785.828.4812
Osage County Website

County Clerk has birth records 1886-1921, marriage records 1885-1911 and death records 1885-1909.
Clerk District Court has divorce records from 1863.
County Court has court records from 1929.
Register of Deeds has land records from 1858. [3]

Osage County, Kansas Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1886 1885 1885 1929 1858 1861 1855
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1911. General compliance by 1917.[5]

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[7]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places
  • Agency
  • Arvonia
  • Barclay
  • Burlingam
  • Dragoon
  • Elk
  • Fairfax
  • Grant
  • Junction
  • Lincoln
  • Melvern
  • Olivet
  • Ridgeway
  • Scranton
  • Superior
  • Valley Brook

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Osage County, Kansas online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Kansas Cemeteries for more information

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1860 1,113
1870 7,648 587.2%
1880 19,642 156.8%
1890 25,062 27.6%
1900 23,659 −5.6%
1910 19,905 −15.9%
1920 18,621 −6.5%
1930 17,538 −5.8%
1940 15,118 −13.8%
1950 12,811 −15.3%
1960 12,886 0.6%
1970 13,352 3.6%
1980 15,319 14.7%
1990 15,248 −0.5%
2000 16,712 9.6%
2010 16,295 −2.5%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

Kansas became a territory in 1854 and the first territory census taken was in 1855. It was also enumerated as Kansas Territory in the 1860 Federal Census, although there were 15 counties that were marked with "no population" in them. The state continued to take state censuses after it was admitted to the Union in 1861.[8] See links listed below.

State and Territorial Census Records[edit | edit source]

Federal Census Records[edit | edit source]

The 1870 Census was the first Federal Census taken for Kansas after it became a state in 1861.[9] For links to Federal Census indexes, see Kansas Census.

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Most church records are held by individual churches. For contact information, check a phone directory, such as SearchBug or Dex Knows. Some denominations are gathering their records into a central repository. For more information about these major repositories, see Kansas Church Records.

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Kansas Land and Property for additional information about early Kansas land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

Online Land Records

For more information see Kansas Land and Property

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Osage County, Kansas Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Kansas Local Histories.

Online County Histories

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

WabaunseeShawneeDouglasFranklinAndersonLyonCoffeyOsage, Kansas.JPG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Online Collections[edit | edit source]

These collections are unique to Kansas. You will find nationwide databases for military records on U.S. Military Online Genealogy Records and Kansas Military Records.

Collections Covering Multiple Wars

Civil War

During the Civil War men from Osage county enlisted in the 2nd Regiment Kansas Infantry, the 11th Regiment Kansas Cavalry and the Osage County Militia Battalion.

Spanish-American War (1898)

World War I

World War II

Korean War

Vietnam War

For further information see Kansas Military Records.

During the Civil War men from Osage county enlisted in the 2nd Regiment Kansas Infantry, the 11th Regiment Kansas Cavalry and the Osage County Militia Battalion.

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

For more information, see Kansas Newspapers.

Kansas Newspapers Online

Kansas Newspaper Catalogs

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Voter Records

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

In most counties in Kansas, probate records have been kept by the county judge. They include wills, inventories, claim registers, legacy records, inheritance records, and dockets. The records are available at the county courthouse.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists films of probate records. To find the records for this county, use the Place Search for Kansas, Osage and click Probate records.

Online Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Kansas tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. Tax lists were usually made every year, however, there may be gaps of several years. For more information, see the wiki page Kansas Taxation.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents.

A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Kansas Office of Vital Statistics or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred. See also Kansas Vital Records. For information about restrictions and costs for certificates, see the CDC Where to Write for Vital Records site.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Osage County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Kansas Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Lyndon Carnegie Library

127 . 6th Street

Lyndon, KS 66451

Phone: 785-828-4520

Osage City Public Library

515 Main St., Osage City, KS 66523

Phone: 785-528-3727

Listed below are libraries in Osage County. For state-wide library facilities, see Kansas Archives and Libraries.

Museums[edit | edit source]

Burlingame Schuyler Museum

117 S. Dacotah St.

Burlingame KS 66413

Phone: 785-654-3561

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Osage County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Kansas Societies.
Osage County Historical Society, INC.
And Hawley Genealogical Research Center
631 Topeka Avenue
PO Box 361
Lyndon, KS 66541
Telephone Number:785-828-3477

Osage County Genealogy Society
127 East 6th St.
Lyndon, Kansas 66451
Telephone Number: 785-828-4520

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Osage, Kansas," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Osage_County,_Kansas" 9/11/2017.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Osage County, Kansas page 254, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Osage County, Kansas. Page 254 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 236.
  5. “Kansas Research Outline”, (Salt Lake City, Utah: Family History Department, 2000), 40.
  6. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Osage County, Kansas," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Osage_County,_Kansas#Communities, accessed 27 September 2017.
  8. William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses (Bountiful, UT: American Genealogical Lending Library, 1985), page 118-119.
  9. William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses (Bountiful, UT: American Genealogical Lending Library, 1985), page 119.