Oregon Emigration and Immigration

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Online Resources[edit | edit source]

Immigrants[edit | edit source]

Early Migrations[edit | edit source]

  • Early 1800s, traders and trappers came into the area from Canada, Russia, Latin America and the United States.
  • 1811, John Jacob Astor, an American, established the first white settlement in Oregon.
  • 1830s and 1840s, other settlements were created in the Willamette River valley. These settlers generally came from Midwestern and eastern states, Canada and Russia.
  • 1843, a provisional government was set up by American settlers.
  • In the same year, over 900 more Americans arrived, mostly from Arkansas, Illinois, Missouri and Iowa.

Oregon Donation Land Claim Act[edit | edit source]

  • see Donation Land Claim Act, a federal act.
  • The Oregon Donation Act of 1850 guaranteed free land to those who settled and cultivated the land before 1 December 1855. 7,437 patents were issued before the expiration of the Act.
  • New settlers surged into the Oregon Territory, primarily from the Mississippi River valley, the Midwest and the South.
  • Foreign-born immigrants came mainly from Canada, Germany, Scandinavia, England and Russia.

Gold Discovery[edit | edit source]

  • 1860, gold discovery at Pierce, in northern Idaho made Portland an important trade depot.
  • 1862, gold discovery at what was Auburn, Oregon by Henry Griffin and David Littlefield opened up settlement of the Eastern Oregon.
  • The completion of the Northern Pacific Railway in 1883 going up north from California, brought many new settlers into Oregon. This was Oregon's first transcontinental rail connection.
  • Later immigrants came from China, Japan, the Philippines and Latin America.
  • By 1889, the Oregon Short Line connected Union Pacific Railway with Oregon Railway and Navigation Company at Huntington, Oregon brought in more settlers faster in more direct link from the East Coast.
  • A helpful source on overland migration is William Adrian Bowen, The Willamette Valley: Migration and Settlement on the Oregon Frontier (Seattle, Washington: University of Washington Press, 1978) WorldCat 3650932; FHL fiche 6101360; book 979.53 X4b.

Records[edit | edit source]

  • There are no known lists of passengers arriving in Oregon ports (such as Astoria, Coos Bay (then Marshfield,) Portland and Tillamook).
  • Records of ethnic groups and shipping enterprises are available at the Oregon Historical Society Library.

Trails[edit | edit source]

Minorities[edit | edit source]

African Americans[edit | edit source]

Nokes, R. Gregory. Breaking Chains: Slavery on Trail in the Oregon Territory. Oregon State University Press. c. 2013 WorldCat

Native Americans[edit | edit source]

  • For records of Native Americans, see Indigenous Peoples of Oregon. Some of these tribes are the Cayuse, Klamath, Modoc, Nez Perce, Paiute, Tillamook, and Umatilla.

Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

Oregon Research Outline. Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2001.

NOTE: All of the information from the original research outline has been imported into this Wiki site and is being updated as time permits.