Oregon Emigration and Immigration
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|Oregon Wiki Topics|
|Local Research Resources|
Online Resources[edit | edit source]
- Oregon, Passenger and Crew Lists, 1888-1963 Index and images ($)
- Oregon Passenger and Crew Lists, 1888-1956, index.
- Border Crossings: From Canada to U.S., 1895-1954 Index and images ($)
- Portland, Oregon, Chinese Immigrant Case files, 1890-1914, ($), index/images
- Paper Trail, index
- Oregon, Portland, Index and Register of Vessels, 1949-1955
Immigrants[edit | edit source]
Early Migrations[edit | edit source]
- Early 1800s, traders and trappers came into the area from Canada, Russia, Latin America and the United States.
- 1811, John Jacob Astor, an American, established the first white settlement in Oregon.
- 1830s and 1840s, other settlements were created in the Willamette River valley. These settlers generally came from Midwestern and eastern states, Canada and Russia.
- 1843, a provisional government was set up by American settlers.
- In the same year, over 900 more Americans arrived, mostly from Arkansas, Illinois, Missouri and Iowa.
Oregon Donation Land Claim Act[edit | edit source]
- see Donation Land Claim Act, a federal act.
- The Oregon Donation Act of 1850 guaranteed free land to those who settled and cultivated the land before 1 December 1855. 7,437 patents were issued before the expiration of the Act.
- New settlers surged into the Oregon Territory, primarily from the Mississippi River valley, the Midwest and the South.
- Foreign-born immigrants came mainly from Canada, Germany, Scandinavia, England and Russia.
Gold Discovery[edit | edit source]
- 1860, gold discovery at Pierce, in northern Idaho made Portland an important trade depot.
- 1862, gold discovery at what was Auburn, Oregon by Henry Griffin and David Littlefield opened up settlement of the Eastern Oregon.
- The completion of the Northern Pacific Railway in 1883 going up north from California, brought many new settlers into Oregon. This was Oregon's first transcontinental rail connection.
- Later immigrants came from China, Japan, the Philippines and Latin America.
- By 1889, the Oregon Short Line connected Union Pacific Railway with Oregon Railway and Navigation Company at Huntington, Oregon brought in more settlers faster in more direct link from the East Coast.
- A helpful source on overland migration is William Adrian Bowen, The Willamette Valley: Migration and Settlement on the Oregon Frontier (Seattle, Washington: University of Washington Press, 1978) WorldCat 3650932; FHL fiche 6101360; book 979.53 X4b.
Records[edit | edit source]
- There are no known lists of passengers arriving in Oregon ports (such as Astoria, Coos Bay (then Marshfield,) Portland and Tillamook).
- Records of ethnic groups and shipping enterprises are available at the Oregon Historical Society Library.
Trails[edit | edit source]
- The Oregon-California Trails Association is an educational organization that promotes the story of the westward migration to Oregon, among other places. Their site includes a personal name index to trail diaries, journals, reminiscences, autobiographies, newspaper articles, guidebooks and letters at A Guide to Overland Pioneer Names and Documents.
- 1853 Routes to California and Oregon in the Hayward's United States Gazetteer.
Minorities[edit | edit source]
African Americans[edit | edit source]
Nokes, R. Gregory. Breaking Chains: Slavery on Trail in the Oregon Territory. Oregon State University Press. c. 2013 WorldCat
Native Americans[edit | edit source]
- For records of Native Americans, see Indigenous Peoples of Oregon. Some of these tribes are the Cayuse, Klamath, Modoc, Nez Perce, Paiute, Tillamook, and Umatilla.
Websites[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
Oregon Research Outline. Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2001.
- NOTE: All of the information from the original research outline has been imported into this Wiki site and is being updated as time permits.