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Ancestral Homeland: Washington and British Columbia
Tribal Headquarters[edit | edit source]
History[edit | edit source]
The Okanagan tribe came into contact in the early 1800s with the non-indigenous people. Among their first contacts were the Lewis and Clark Expedition, John Jacob Astor of the Pacific Fur Trading Co., and other fur traders.
In 1833 the tribe suffered through a smallpox epidemic.
The influence of missionaries was felt in the 1840s as they hoped to convert them to their Christianity. The Oblates, a group of French Catholic missionaries arrived in Walla Walla. The Oblates moved to British Columbia in 1859, they also interacted with the Yakima and Cayuse tribes, establishing missions.
The 1840 and '50s were a time of recurring famine.
The discovery of gold in the Caribou area brought transit immigrants to the area,
In 1872 the Colville reservation was established for the tribe.
Brief Timeline[edit | edit source]
- 1805: Lewis and Clark Expedition
- 1810: John Jacob Astor formed the Pacific Fur Trading Company.
- 1811: Fur traders came in contact with the tribe
- 1811-1860: Fort Okanagan established
- 1813: Fort Astoria (French), re-named Fort George and Fort Okanagan now in British Columbia
- 1833: Smallpox epidemic
- 1840: Many had become "Christianized."
- 1840-1850's: Recurring periods of famine
- 1847-1855: Cayuse War
- 1847: French Catholic missionaries - Oblates - arrived in Walla Walla
- 1858: Caribou gold-rushers
- 1859: French Catholic missionaries - Oblates -moved to British Columbia and worked with the Okanagan Father Charles Pandosy and Bishop Magloire Blanchet; also worked among the Yakima and Cayuse missions.
- 1872: Colville Reservation is established
- 1891: Treaty - not ratified
Webber Jean and En'owkin Center. edited by. Okanagan Sources. Theytus Books Ltd. Penticton, B.C.copyright 1990. ISBN 0-919441-33-5
Additional References to the History of the Tribe[edit | edit source]
Additional details are given in John Swanton's The Indian Tribes of North America.
Reservations[edit | edit source]
Records[edit | edit source]
The majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies. Some records may be available to tribal members through the tribal headquarters.They were (and are) the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:
- Allotment records
- Annuity rolls
- Census records
- Health records
- School census and records
- [[American Indian Vital Records Supplements in Census Rolls|Vital records]
Important Websites[edit | edit source]
- Okanagan People Wikipedia
References[edit | edit source]