Norwegian Tinglag/Tinglysning/Pantebøker/Panteregister

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A tinglag is a historical court district that include a bygdeting (community court) or a byting (city court). A tinglag is usually identical to a skipreide (administrative district), aherred (local judicial district) or a prestegjeld (clerical district). Tinglager is also a term for therettskretser (court districts).

Tinglysning means to make it known at the court (usually in conjunction with property), that an agreement had been made between two parties concerning property and the tinglysning (made it legal). This would protect a third party (wanting to make an agreement concerning a given property) since it was recorded at the court.

Pantebok (Pantebøker). These agreements would be recorded in the rettsprotokoll (court journal) as well as keeping pantebøker (extraction of documents that had been read (tinglyst) at the court concerning properties). These documents are numbered in chronological order and are in existence from around 1650 and later. They are kept by the date they were made legal (tinglyst) at the court. Since they are written in Gothic Script and often hard to read the State Archives in Norway will make you a transcriben printed copy that you may order.

Panteregister are indexes prepared to make it easier to find the documents in the Pantebøker. Each farm has its own page in the Panteregister with a chronological overview of the tinglyste documents (documents read at the court). These indexes refer to where a given documents can be found in the Pantebok (document number and page number).

-Imsen, Steinar and Harald Winge. Norsk Historisk Leksikon- Kultur og samfunn ca. 1500 - ca. 1800, pg. 449, 2nd ed. (Oslo: Cappelen Akademisk Forlag, 2004). Accessed 14 November 2012.

-Wikipedia. ”Tinglag.” Accessed 14 November 2012.

-Store norske leksikon. ”Tinglag”. <>. Accessed 14 November 2012.