Nicaragua Colonial Records

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Spanish Colonization (1522-1821)[edit | edit source]

Officially named the Republic of Nicaragua, the territory was conquered by Spain in 1522. However, it was not until 1524 that the first Spanish settlements were organized. Independence from Spain was gained in 1821, but soon Nicaragua became part of the First Mexican Empire. When that empire was overthrown in 1823, Nicaragua joined the newly formed United Provinces of Central America, which was later renamed the Federal Republic of Central America. Nicaragua finally became an independent republic in 1838.[1]

Record collection Years covered Record type Language Who is in the records
Nicaragua Civil Registration, 1809-2013 at FamilySearch — index and images 1809-2013 Births, Marriages, and Deaths Spanish Residents of Nicaragua
Nicaragua, Civil Registration, 1809-2011 at Ancestry.com ($) — index and images 1809-2011 Births, Marriages, and Deaths Spanish Residents of Nicaragua
Central America, Colonial Census Records at Ancestry.com ($) — images 1701-1746 Census Spanish Residents of Nicaragua
Central America, Colonial Records, 1607-1902 at FamilySearch — images 1607-1902 Census Spanish Residents of Nicaragua
Nicaragua, Diocese of Managua, Catholic Church Records, 1740-1960 at FamilySearch — images 1740-1960 Baptisms, confirmations, marriages, pre-marriage investigations, deaths, and indexes Spanish Catholics living in Nicaragua
Costa Rica, Catholic Church Records, 1595-1992 at FamilySearch — index and images 1595-1992 Baptisms, confirmations, marriages, pre-marriage investigations, deaths, and indexes Spanish Catholics living in Costa Rica and Nicaragua
Hojas de Servicios Militares de América : Guatemala, 1789-1796 at FamilySearch — images 1789-1796 Military records Spanish Members of the Spanish military in Nicaragua
Bienes de difuntos : de Centro América (Capitanía General de Guatemala), 1638-1713 at FamilySearch — images 1638-1713 Probate records Spanish Property-owning residents of Nicaragua
Bienes de difuntos : de la Capitanía General de Guatemala, 1551-1821 at FamilySearch — images 1551-1821 Probate records Spanish Property-owning residents of Nicaragua
Bienes de difuntos : del Virreinato de la Nueva España, 1572-1819 at FamilySearch — images 1572-1819 Probate records Spanish Property-owning residents of Nicaragua
Testamentos, 1610-1781 at FamilySearch — images 1610-1781 Probate records Spanish Property-owning residents of Nicaragua
Protocolos de escrituras públicas, 1877-1942 at FamilySearch — images 1877-1942 Notarial records Spanish Residents of Nicaragua
Protocolos, 1508-1898 at FamilySearch — images 1508-1898 Notarial records Spanish Residents of Nicaragua
Protocolos, 1543-1722 at FamilySearch — images 1543-1722 Notarial records Spanish Residents of Nicaragua
Información personal, 1624-1819 at FamilySearch — images 1624-1819 Taxation records Spanish Residents of Nicaragua

United States Occupation (1912-1933)[edit | edit source]

The United States occupation of Nicaragua from 1912 to 1933 was part of the Banana Wars, during which the US military attempted to stop any other country from building a Nicaraguan canal. Nicaragua took on a quasi-protectorate status under the 1916 Bryan–Chamorro Treaty. In 1933, President Franklin D. Roosevelt ended U.S. occupation. [2]

Record collection Years covered Record type Language Who is in the records
Nicaragua Civil Registration, 1809-2013 at FamilySearch — index and images 1809-2013 Births, Marriages, and Deaths Spanish Residents of Nicaragua
Nicaragua, Civil Registration, 1809-2011 at Ancestry.com ($) — index and images 1809-2011 Births, Marriages, and Deaths Spanish Residents of Nicaragua

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Nicaragua," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicaragua, accessed 2 Oct 2019.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "United States occupation of Nicaragua," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_occupation_of_Nicaragua#1912_occupation, accessed 2 October 2019.