New Jersey, State Census, 1855 - FamilySearch Historical Records

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New Jersey State Census, 1855
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This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
New Jersey, 
United States
New Jersey flag.png
Flag of New Jersey
US Locator New Jersey.png
Location of New Jersey
Record Description
Record Type State Census
Collection years 1855
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
New Jersey Department of State


What is in This Collection?[edit | edit source]

This census covers the residents of New Jersey in 1855. It lists name of head of household and gives number of males and females in each household by category: white, colored, native, foreign and children ages 5 to 16. The returns for Pequanac Township in Morris County also list the names of the wife and children in each household.

The census is a printed form that was filled in by hand by the enumerator. It is arranged by county and by township within each county. It was acquired from the National Archives and Records Administration.

The state of New Jersey took a state census every 10 years beginning in 1855 and continuing through 1915. However, the 1885 census is the first to survive in its entirety. The census was compiled to obtain a count of the population to determine how many representatives the state would send to Congress.

The information is generally reliable. However use the information with some caution, since the information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.

To Browse This Collection[edit | edit source]

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for New Jersey State Census, 1855.

Image Visibility[edit | edit source]

Whenever possible FamilySearch makes images and indexes available for all users. However, rights to view these data are limited by contract and subject to change. Because of this there may be limitations on where and how images and indexes are available or who can see them. Please be aware some collections consist only of partial information indexed from the records and do not contain any images.

For additional information about image restrictions see Restrictions for Viewing Images in FamilySearch Historical Record Collections.

What Can These Records Tell Me?[edit | edit source]

The following information may be found in these records:

Census

  • Name of head of household
  • Number of males and females in household by category
  • Nationality
  • Race
  • Number of children in household ages 5 to 16

Collection Content[edit | edit source]

Sample Image[edit | edit source]

How Do I Search This Collection?[edit | edit source]

Before searching this collection, it is helpful to know:

  • Name of the head of the household
  • Identifying information such as place of residence, race or nationality
  • That there may be more than one person in the records with the same name
  • That your ancestor may have used different names or variations of their name throughout their life

Search the Index[edit | edit source]

Search by name by visiting the Collection Details Page.
  1. Fill in the search boxes in the Search Collection section with the information you know
  2. Click Search to show possible matches

View the Images[edit | edit source]

View images in this collection by visiting the Browse Page:

  1. Select the County
  2. Select the Locality to view the images.

How Do I Analyze the Results?[edit | edit source]

Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log.

What Do I Do Next?[edit | edit source]

When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Print or download a copy of the record, or extract the genealogical information needed.

I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]

  • Use the place of residence to search other records such as federal censuses, church and land records
  • It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related
  • Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even a county
  • You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child
  • You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents
  • Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census
  • You should also be aware that the census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist
  • Be aware that, as with any index, transcription errors may occur

I Can't Find the Person I'm Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]

  • Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for alias names, nicknames and abbreviated names
  • Look for a different index. Local genealogical and historical societies often have indexes to local records
  • Search the indexes and records of nearby localities
  • There is also the possibility that a family was missed in the census

Research Helps[edit | edit source]

The following articles will help you in your research for your family in the state of New Jersey.

Citing This Collection[edit | edit source]

Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.

Collection Citation:
The citation for this collection can be found on the Collection Details Page in the section Citing this Collection.
Image Citation:
When looking at an image, the citation is found on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen.
Record Citation:
When looking at a record, the citation can be viewed by clicking the drop-down arrow next to Document Information.

How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?[edit | edit source]

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Historical Records/Guidelines for Articles.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.


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