New Brunswick Civil Registration

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Online Records[edit | edit source]

The records of Ancestry.com, FindMyPast, and MyHeritage may be searched free-of-charge at a Family History Center near you. Restricted records at FamilySearch can also be searched at a Family History Center near you.

Births[edit | edit source]

FamilySearch[edit | edit source]

New Brunswick Archives[edit | edit source]

Subscription Website Databases[edit | edit source]



Marriages[edit | edit source]

FamilySearch[edit | edit source]

New Brunswick Archives[edit | edit source]

Subscription Website Databases[edit | edit source]



Deaths[edit | edit source]

FamilySearch[edit | edit source]

New Brunswick Archives[edit | edit source]

Subscription Website Databases[edit | edit source]

Divorces[edit | edit source]

History[edit | edit source]

  • Originally, civil registration records were created by collecting copies of baptism, marriage, and burial records that the government required churches to submit. These are online in the Drouin collection, with Ancestry.com links above.
  • Marriage bonds, available starting in 1810, were required when banns were not read in the churches or when the clergyman did not know both of the parties. The bond was to protect the woman from a ‘breach of promise’ situation.
  • Covering 1810 to 1887, there are some birth records, created after the beginning of government records (1888), a "Late Registration" compilation. These are very incomplete.
  • Beginning in 1812, the original counties were required to register marriages. See Coverage Table of Provincial Marriage Records for the years available.
  • The provincial government of New Brunswick began recording births, marriages, and deaths in 1888.

What Can These Records Tell You?[edit | edit source]

The following lists represent what the most recent records contain, the most detailed versions. Earlier records are much simpler.

Births[edit | edit source]

  • Name of the child
  • Gender
  • Names of the parents
  • Birth date
  • Birthplace
  • Christening date (if the source is a church record)
  • Father's birthplace
  • Mother's birthplace

Marriages[edit | edit source]

  • Date and place of marriage
  • Groom's name
  • Groom's age, marital status, occupation, and residence
  • Groom's birth place
  • Groom's religious denomination
  • Groom's literacy
  • Groom's parents' names
  • Bride's name
  • Bride's age, marital status, occupation, and residence
  • Bride's birth place
  • Bride's religious denomination
  • Bride's literacy
  • Bride's parents' names

Deaths[edit | edit source]

  • Date and place of death
  • Name and residence of deceased
  • Age of deceased in years, months and days
  • Gender, race, marital status and occupation of deceased
  • Date and place of birth of deceased
  • Name and birth place of father
  • Maiden name and birth place of mother
  • Cause of death
  • Spouse, if married
  • Name of informant and their relationship to deceased
  • Burial information

Availability[edit | edit source]

Online Collections[edit | edit source]

See Online Records. Records not restricted by privacy are all online in various collections

Recent, Privacy Restricted Records[edit | edit source]

If the years of interest to you have not yet been transferred to the Provincial Archives, you must request copies of records from Service New Brunswick: Vital Statistics.

Vital Statistics
P.O. Box 6000
Fredericton, NB E3B 5H1
CANADA
Telephone: 506-453-2385; Fax: 506-444-4139
Internet: Service New Brunswick: Vital Statistics.

Coverage Table of County Marriage Records[edit | edit source]

  • Most of these records are available at the Family History Library. Find them by searching under Vital Records for each county. Click on "Places in Canada, New Brunswick", then the county. Scroll down to "Vital Records" and "Vital Record-Indexes". Some of these are available online, as indicated by the small camera icon. However, a key above the icon imeans that they can only be viewed at a Family History Center near you.
County
Years
Albert
1846-1888 §§
Carleton
1832-1888
Charlotte
1806-1887
Gloucester
1832-1887
Kent
1826-1887
County
Years
Kings
1812-1888 §
Madawaska
missing **
Northumberland
1792-1887 *
Queens
1812-1887
Restigouche
1838-1878
County
Years
St. John
1819-1887 *** §
Sunbury
missing
Victoria
missing
Westmorland
1790-1887 §§
York
1812-1888 §§



* Early Northumberland County marriages are listed among the Justices of the Peace records of their Courts of Quarter Session.


** Père Henri Langlois, O.F.M. (1901-1968) compiled an eight volume, typescript record of marriages in Madawaska and the region of the upper St. John River, from 1792 to about 1940. This is essentially the Diocese of Edmundston and includes parishes in Aroostook in Maine. It is available at both the PANB in Fredericton, and LAC in Ottawa. The latter’s bound photocopy of the original onion-skin sheets is titled Dictionnaire Généalogique de Madawaska. Entries are alphabetical by family name, i.e. Volume I is A-B, etc.

*** Early Marriage Records of New Brunswick: Saint John City and County from the British Conquest to 1839, Introductory Note and edited by Sociologist, B. Wood-Holt (Saint John: Holland House Inc., 1986), a somewhat curious compilation from many sources that probably includes almost all marriages in the Saint John region prior to 1840. Her notes are informative and the thorough indexing makes this a useful research tool.

§ Ruby M. Cusack has transcribed and published the Saint John County registers, C 1839-1847, and D 1847-1853; as well as Kings County Register A, 1812-1844 and Register B, 1844-1867. John R. Elliott has published Kings County Registers C and D (1867-1888). See their listing in Generations. As well, Ruby Cusack has a website.

§§ George H. Hayward has published York County Volume 1, 1812-1837 and some for Carleton County, Ken Kanner has published the early Marriages for Albert and Westmorland Counties, see listings in Generations “Information Sheets”.

Divorce Records[edit | edit source]

Divorce was once a matter for Parliament. Brian Gilchrist’s Index to Canadian Parliamentary Divorces, 1867-1930 (Toronto: privately published) indexes all names, both partners, children etc. Some individual’s petitions or records are held by the Library and Archives Canada, check the their website, Government of Canada Files database, key word “Divorce”—but after 1916 you must apply to the Law Clerk and Parliamentary Council, Senate of Canada.

As well, on the Internet, Hugh Armstrong’s Genealogy Site, contains material on “Canadian Parliamentary Divorces to 1946”. An Introduction gives an excellent summary of the history of divorce in Canada, and it is only one of a number of lists, indexes, and how-to-do offerings.[1]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Douglas, Althea. "New Brunswick Marriage and Divorce Records (National Institute)," The National Institute for Genealogical Studies (2012), https://familysearch.org/wiki/en/New_Brunswick_Marriage_and_Divorce_Records_%28National_Institute%29.