New Brunswick Census

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1851-1921 Online Canadian Indexes and Images [edit | edit source]

Online National and Provincial Population Schedules of Canada
Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Automated Genealogy[2] Library Archives Canada[3] Ancestry FHL[4] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[6]
1921 indexes  Link Link  Link  Link
images  Link Link  Link  Link
1911 indexes - Link Link Link Link Link
images - Link Link Link Link Link
1901 indexes Link Link Link Link Link Link
images - Link Link Link Link Link
1891 indexes Link - Link Link Link Link
images - - Link Link Link Link
1881 indexes Link - Link Link Link Link
images - - Link Link Link Link
1871 indexes Link - Link Link Link Link
images - - Link Link Link Link
1861 Provincial indexes Link - - Link Link Link
images - - - Link Link Link
1851/52 indexes Link Link - Link Link Link
images - Link Link Link Link Link
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Additional Census Sources[edit | edit source]

In June, 1783, Maj. Studholm sent a party of four men up the river from Fort Howe with instructions to determine who was settled upon the lands in various townships and what title they had to those lands, if any. Their report to Maj. Studholm, usually referred to by family historians today as "The Studholm Report" is an important historical document. It is, in effect, a heads of households census, and in addition provides information about land title, the loyalty or otherwise of many of the pre-Loyalist inhabitants on the river, etc., that can be found nowhere else.[7]

Missing Census Records[edit | edit source]


The censuses for 1851–1881 are not all complete. Returns for some parishes and sometimes whole counties have not survived. A list of the surviving census returns can be found in Robert F. Fellows Researching Your Ancestors in New Brunswick, Family History Library, and WorldCat, pages 128–144, and Genealogist's Handbook for Atlantic Canada Research, Family History Library, and WorldCat, edited by Terrence M. Punch, pages 7–12.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library.
  2. Automated Genealogy, a free online service includes links to free images found at the Library and Archives Canada.
  3. Library Archives Canada, a free online service includes links to free images and partial indexes found at the Library and Archives Canada.
  4. Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving national and many provincial census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  5. Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving national and many provincial census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  7. "1783 Studholm Report", Rootsweb, https://sites.rootsweb.com/~cannb/NB_Census_1783Studholm_Report.htm, accessed 15 November 2020.