Monroe County, Indiana Genealogy

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Guide to Monroe County, Indiana ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Bloomington[1]
Organized: January 14, 1818
Parent County(s): Orange[2]
Neighboring Counties
Morgan  • Brown  • Jackson  • Lawrence  • Greene  • Owen
See County Maps
Courthouse
Indiana, Monroe County Courthouse.png
Location Map
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County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

Monroe County was named for James Monroe, fifth President of the United States, who was serving at the time the county was organized. It is located in the south-central area of the state.[3]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Monroe County Courthouse
301 N. College Avenue
PO Box 547
Bloomington, IN 47402-0547
Phone: 812-349-2600
County Website

Monroe County Health Department
119 W. 7th Street
Bloomington, IN, 47404
Health Administrator: Penny Caudill
Phone: 812-349-2543
Fax: 812-339-6481
Email: pcaudill@co.monroe.in.us
Health Department

County clerk has marriage, divorce and court records from 1818, probate records from 1831.
County Health Department has birth, death and burial records from 1882.
County Recorder has land records. [4]
Health Department has birth records and death records.
Copies may be obtained from the county health department or the Indiana State Division of Vital Records.

Monroe County, Indiana Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[5]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1882 1818 1882 1818 1817 1831 1807
Statewide registration for births in 1907 and deaths in Oct 1899. General compliance by 1917.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[8]

Cities
Towns
Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places
Townships


History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Monroe County, Indiana online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Indiana Cemeteries for more information.

Census Records[edit | edit source]

For tips on accessing Monroe County census records online, see: Indiana Census.

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1820 2,679
1830 6,577 145.5%
1840 10,143 54.2%
1850 11,286 11.3%
1860 12,847 13.8%
1870 14,168 10.3%
1880 15,875 12.0%
1890 17,673 11.3%
1900 20,873 18.1%
1910 23,426 12.2%
1920 24,519 4.7%
1930 35,974 46.7%
1940 36,534 1.6%
1950 50,080 37.1%
1960 59,225 18.3%
1970 84,849 43.3%
1980 98,785 16.4%
1990 108,978 10.3%
2000 120,563 10.6%
2010 137,974 14.4%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Most church records are held by individual churches. For contact information, check a phone directory, such as SearchBug or Dex Knows. Some denominations are gathering their records into a central repository. For more information about these major repositories, see Indiana Church Records.

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

African American

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents. See Indiana Land and Property for additional information about early Indiana land grants and patents.

After land was transferred from the government to private ownership, subsequent transactions were recorded at the Monroe County courthouse, where records are currently housed.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Monroe County. County histories may include biographies; church, school and government histories; and military information. For more information about local histories, see Indiana Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Owen CountyMorgan CountyBrown CountyJackson CountyLawrence CountyGreene CountyIN MONROE.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

War of 1812

  • Hopkins, T. M. "Reminiscences of Col. John Ketcham of Monroe County, Indiana" (Salt Lake City, Utah 1989) available online at: FamilySearch Digital Library

Mexican-American War

Civil War
Civil War service men from Monroe County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Monroe County.

Civil War Books:

  • "Military History" in Blanchard, Charles. Counties of Morgan, Monroe, and Brown, Indiana. Historical and Biographical. (Chicago: F.A. Battey Co, 1884.) page 413-451, available online at: FamilySearch Digital Library;Internet Archive

Civil War Databases

Pension Files

World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Indiana newspapers may contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

For more Indiana newspaper information see the wiki page Indiana Newspapers.

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

In most counties in Indiana, probate records have been kept by the county clerk of the circuit court. They include wills, fee books, claim registers, legacy records, inheritance records, probate ticklers, and dockets. The records are available at the Monroe County courthouse. For more information, see Indiana Probate Records.

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Indiana tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information see the wiki page Indiana Taxation.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Indiana law in 1882 required registration of births and deaths in counties. The Indiana Department of Health has birth records filed after October 1907 and death records filed after January 1900 for deaths. Copies may be obtained from the county health department or the Indiana State Division of Vital Records.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Monroe County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Indiana Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Libraries

Bloomington Indiana Family History Center
4235 W Third St
Bloomington IN 47403
Phone: 812-332-0560
Email: IN_Bloomington@familyhistorymail.org
Website

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Monroe County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Indiana Archives and Libraries.
Monroe County Public Library
303 E Kirkwood Ave
Bloomington, IN 47408
Phone: 812-349-3050
Website

Museums[edit | edit source]

Monroe County History Center
202 E 6th St
Bloomington, IN 47408
Phone: 812-332-2517
Website

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Monroe County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Indiana Societies.

Monroe County Historical Society
202 E Sixth St
Bloomington, IN 47408
Phone: 812-332-2517
Website

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Indiana.FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Monroe County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monroe_County,_Indiana (accessed 29 Mar 2017).
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Monroe County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monroe_County,_Indiana (accessed 29 Mar 2017).
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Indiana. FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Indiana. FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Monroe County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monroe_County,_Indiana (accessed 29 Mar 2017).
  7. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Indiana. FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  8. Wikipedia contributors, "Monroe County, Indiana," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monroe_County%2C_Indiana (accessed 27 December 2019).