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Introduction[edit | edit source]
Various Spellings: Miami, Miame, Meamie
The Miami Tribe is primarily associated with the state of Oklahoma.
Tribal Headquarters[edit | edit source]
Miami Tribe of Oklahoma
3410 P. Street / P.O. Box 1326
Miami, OK 74355
Population: 1984: Tribal enrollment 1,900. 
Unrecognized Tribe of Indiana, a 501(c)3 organization[edit | edit source]
Miami Nation of Indians of the State of Indiana
P.O. Box 41
Peru, Indiana 46970
80 W 6th Street
Miami Nation of Indians of the State of Indiana Tribal Website
History[edit | edit source]
Brief Timeline[edit | edit source]
1703: Miami village at Detroit
1711: Three villages: St. Joseph, Maumeee and Wabash.
1763: Moved to Indiana
1790-1775: Little Turtle's War ended with the Greenville Treaty
1827: Sold land in Indiana and moved to Kansas, some of the tribe stayed in Indiana, where in 1872 land was divided among the remaining members.
1842-1853: Miami Emigration, forms foundation of Miami Tribe of Oklahoma
1854: Miami Tribe of Indiana granted federal recognition
1897: Federal recognition of Miami Tribe of Indiana revoked
1937: Miami Nation of Indians of the State of Indiana formed as a non-profit organization
1980: Indiana legislature recommends reinstating Miami Nation of Indians of the State of Indiana as a federally recognized tribe
2020: Efforts continue to regain federal recognition for the Indiana branch of the tribe
Additional References to the History of the Tribe[edit | edit source]
Frederick Webb Hodge, in his Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, gave a more complete history of the Miami tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods. Additional details are given in John Swanton's The Indian Tribes of North America.
Ohio History Central article on the Miami Indians
Reservations[edit | edit source]
From the mid-1800s, the official policy of the United States government toward the American Indian was to confine each tribe to a specific parcel of land called a reservation. Agencies were established on or near each reservation. A government representative, usually called an agent (or superintendent) was assigned to each agency. Their duties included maintaining the peace, making payments to the Native Americans based on the stipulations of the treaties with each tribe, and providing a means of communication between the native population and the federal government.
Sometimes, a single agency had jurisdiction over more than one reservation. And sometimes, if the tribal population and land area required it, an agency may have included sub-agencies.
The boundaries of reservations, over time, have changed. Usually, that means the reservations have been reduced in size. Sometimes, especially during the later policy of "termination," the official status of reservations was ended altogether.
The following list of reservations has been compiled from the National Atlas of the United States of America, the Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America, and other sources. There are no current federally-recognized reservations in Illinois.
Records[edit | edit source]
The majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies. Some records may be available to tribal members through the tribal headquarters.They were (and are) the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:
- Allotment records
- Annuity rolls
- Records posted on the Allen County (Indiana) Genealogy Center website
- Census records
- Health records
- School census and records
- Vital records
Agency Records[edit | edit source]
Agencies and subagencies were created as administrative offices of the Bureau of Indian Affairs and its predecessors. Their purpose was (and is) to manage Indian affairs with the tribes, to enforce policies, and to assist in maintaining the peace. The names and location of these agencies may have changed, but their purpose remained basically the same. Many of the records of genealogical value were created by these offices.
The following list of agencies that have operated or now exist in Illinois has been compiled from Hill's Office of Indian Affairs..., Hill's Guide to Records in the National Archives Relating to American Indians, and others.
Osage River Agency - to 1871
Shawnee Agency 1871
In Indian Territory
Correspondence and Census[edit | edit source]
|Tribe||Agency||Location of Original Records||
M234 RG 75 Rolls 962
M595 RG 75 Rolls 693
|Miami||Miami Agency, Olkahoma, 1870-1952||Fort Worth||-||-||Rolls 487-89||-|
|Miami, Ohio||Fort Wayne and Indiana, 1824-50||Washington D.C.||Rolls 304, 354-60||-||Roll 11||-|
|Miami, Kansas||Osage River Agency, to 1871||Washington D.C.||Rolls 642-51||-||Rolls 411-16||FHL Films: 579727-579738|
|Miami, Kansas||Shawnee Agency, 1871||Fort Worth||Rolls 820-23||-||Rolls 488-89||FHL Films: 581865-581871|
|Miami, Indian Terr.||Quapaw Agency, 1871-80||Fort Worth||Rolls 703-14||-||Rolls 410-12, 416||FHL Films:581405-581410|
Land Records[edit | edit source]
Tribally owned: 57.93 acres 
In Indiana, land is owned by individuals and families descended from those granted land in various treaties. These lands are typically indicated on late 19th century plat maps using the term "xxx reservation." Ownership can be traced through the current county in which the land is located.
Treaties[edit | edit source]
- 1809 Supplementary Treaty
- 1814 with the Wyandot
- 1815: with the Wyandot
- 1867 with Seneca, Mixed Seneca, Shawnee, Quapaw, Etc,
Vital Records[edit | edit source]
- Quapaw Agency (M595) births and deaths 1924-1932 FHL Film: 581408
- Shawnee Agency (M595) births and deaths 1910-1934 FHL Film 581870
- Osage Agency (M595) births and deaths 1924-1931 FHL Film 579734
Important Websites[edit | edit source]
- Constitution of the Miami Tribe of Oklahoma
- The Sovereign Miami Tribe of Oklahoma Tribal Website
- Miami Tribe Wikipedia
- Miami Nation of Indiana Wikipedia
- Miami Nation of Indians of the State of Indiana
References[edit | edit source]
- Indian Entities Recognized and Eligible To Receive Services From the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs, Federal Register, Vol. 67, No. 134, 12 July 2002 Available online
- Indian Reservations A State and Federal Handbook. Compiled by The Confederation of American Indians, New York, N.Y. McFarland and Co. Inc., Jefferson, North Carolina, c. 1986. FHL book 970.1 In2 page 229
- National Atlas of the United States of America -- Federal Lands and Indian Reservations Available online.
- Isaacs. Katherine M., editor. Omni Gazetteer of the United States of America. U.S. Data Sourcebook, Volume 11 Appendices, Bureau of Indian Affairs List of American Indian Reservations, Appendix E, Indian Reservations. Omnigraphics, Inc., 1991.(Family History Library book 973 E5)
- Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches, Clearwater Publishing Co., Inc. 1974. (Family History Library book 970.1 H551o.)
- Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981. (FHL book 970.1 H551g.)
- Indian Reservations A State and Federal Handbook. Compiled by The Confederation of American Indians, New York, N.Y. McFarland and Co. Inc., Jefferson, North Carolina, c. 1986. FHL book 970.1 In2 page 228