Maryland Colonial Records

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Online Records[edit | edit source]

Many records from the colonial era in New England were kept at the town or county level. Search the catalog at the town or county level to locate those records.

History[edit | edit source]

Maryland was initially settled as a proprietary colony by a charter granted to Cecilius Calvert, the second Lord Baltimore, in 1632. In 1634, St. Mary's City was founded when settlers arrived at the Chesapeake Bay from England. During the next several decades, governorship of the colony went back and forth between Lord Baltimore, who was Catholic, and the Puritans. Near the end of the 17th century, however, Maryland reverted to the Crown, and the Anglican Church became the official church of Maryland in 1692. Some disputed land was ceded to Virginia in 1732, and in 1763, the Mason-Dixon line was established between Maryland and Pennsylvania. Maryland was one of the original thirteen colonies of the United States.[1]

Earliest Church Records Earliest Land Records Earliest Court Records Earliest Newspapers
1640 1633 1635 1727

[2]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Baptist[edit | edit source]

Kept at local congregations. Some were filmed and are available at the Southern Baptist historical Library and Archives in Nashville, Tennessee.

Church of the Brethren[edit | edit source]

Evangelical, Anglican, and Reformed Church[edit | edit source]

Methodist[edit | edit source]

United Methodist Historical Society of the Baltimore-Washington Conference Lovely Lane Museum Library
2200 St. Paul Street
Baltimore, MD 21218-5897
(410) 889-4458

Presbyterian[edit | edit source]

Quaker[edit | edit source]

Roman Catholic[edit | edit source]

Early Families and Life[edit | edit source]

Land Records[edit | edit source]

All Maryland land originally was owned by the Calvert family. From 1633-1683, headrights and land grants were given to settlers in exchange for providing transportation for and others to Maryland. Cash sales replaced the headright system by 1683.[3]

Published Records[edit | edit source]

  • Archives of Maryland, 72 Vols., (Baltimore: Maryland Historical Society, 1883-1972).
Proceedings of the Court of Chancery of Maryland [Archives of Maryland, Vol. 51, Court Series 5] (film 0908320).
Judicial and Testamentary Business of the Provincial Court, 1637-1683, 11 Vols., [Archives of Maryland, Court Series 1-4, 10-15] (film 0924323).
Proceedings of the Council of Maryland, 1636-1770, 11 Vols., [Archives of Maryland, Vols. 3, 5, 8, 15] (film 0430292).
Proceedings and Acts of the General Assembly of Maryland, January 1637/38-April 1774, 32 Vols., [Archives of Maryland, Vols., 1-2, 7, 13, 19, 22, 24, 26-7, 29, 30, 33-40, 42, 46, 50, 55-6, 58-9, 61-4] (film 0924322).

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Other[edit | edit source]

Record Indexes Available at the Maryland State Archives[edit | edit source]

  • Hodges Marriage Reference Card File, 1674-1851.
  • Marriage Licences, etc., 1650-1695.
  • Births, and deaths, 1649-1715. Some counties started keeping vital records along with their land records before 1720.
  • Colonial Muster and pay Rolls, 1732-1772.
  • Provincial Naturalizations, 1634-1776.
  • County Land Records for Anne Arundel, Baltimore, Calvert, Cecil, Charles, Dorchester, Queen Anne's, Somerset, Talbot, and Worcester.
  • Rent Rolls, 1639-1776.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Christina K. Schaefer, Genealogical encyclopedia of the colonial Americas : a complete digest of the records of all the countries of the Western Hemisphere (Baltimore, Maryland : Genealogical Publishing Company, c1998), 457. WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL book 929.11812 D26 1998
  2. Christina K. Schaefer, Genealogical encyclopedia of the colonial Americas : a complete digest of the records of all the countries of the Western Hemisphere (Baltimore, Maryland : Genealogical Publishing Company, c1998), 183, 192. WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL book 929.11812 D26 1998
  3. Christina K. Schaefer, Genealogical encyclopedia of the colonial Americas : a complete digest of the records of all the countries of the Western Hemisphere (Baltimore, Maryland : Genealogical Publishing Company, c1998), 458-9. WorldCat (Other Libraries); FHL book 929.11812 D26 1998