London Census

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Census Records[edit | edit source]

For online access to the 1841 to 1911 London censuses, see the England Census article.

Earlier censuses, dated 1801 to 1831, survive for several London parishes.[1] Most are kept at the Guildhall Library.[2] findmypast has digitised 'London, Westminster Marylebone Census 1821 & 1831.' Record survival is identified on individual London parish pages.

London Records at the Family History Library describes London census holdings, parish-by-parish, available at that facility. Click here to see a list of the census surname indexes for local places and parishes in this county.

Local Census Indexes
[edit | edit source]

The London and Middlesex Census Surname Indexes at the Family History Library page describes local census indexes in the Family History Library collection.

Census Substitutes[edit | edit source]

A variety of lists of historic residents of London have been preserved. Most list adult taxable males. A few identify family units. The Domesday Book (1086) does not include the City of London.[3]

The 1709 London Census of Palatines was published by The New York Genealogical and Biographical Society. Most of these Germans stayed a few years in London and then emigrated to the Colony of New York. This serialized article is available online:

  • 1709 - 'List of Germans from the Palatinate Who Came to England in 1709,' The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, Vol. 40, No. 1 (Jan. 1909):49-54; Vol. 40, No. 2 (Apr. 1909):93-100; Vol. 40, No. 3 (Jul. 1909):160-167; Vol. 40, No. 4 (Oct. 1909):241-248; Vol. 41, No. 1 (Jan. 1910):10-19. Digital version at New York Genealogical and Biographical Society (£); FHL Book 974.7 B2n v. 40-41. Internet Archive has digitized Vol. 40 and Vol. 41 - free.[4]

Gibson identifies additional London census substitutes:

  • Gibson, J.S.W. and Heather Creaton. Lists of Londoners. Bury, UK: Federation of Family History Societies in Association with the Centre for Metropolitan History, c1999. FHL Book 942.1/L1 D43g 1999.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Colin R. Chapman, Pre-1841 Censuses and Population Listings in the British Isles, 5th ed. (Dursley, UK: Lochin Publishing, 2002), 65-74.
  2. Cliff Webb, My Ancestors were Londoners: A Guide to London Sources for Family Historians (London: Society of Genealogists, 2009), 11-13. Webb identifies the repositories and references for each census return.
  3. Wikipedia contributors, 'Domesday Book,' in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia,, accessed 13 January 2012.
  4. WeRelate contributors, 'Source:New York Genealogical and Biographical Record (New York Genealogical and Biographical Society),' in WeRelate,, accessed 9 February 2012.