Lafayette County, Missouri Genealogy

From FamilySearch Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Guide to Lafayette County, Missouri ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Lexington
Organized: November 16, 1820
Parent County(s): Cooper[1]
Neighboring Counties
Carroll  • Jackson  • Johnson  • Pettis  • Ray  • Saline
See County Maps
Location Map
Missouri Lafayette County Map.svg.png

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named for Marquis de La Fayette. The County is located in the western area of the state. [2]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Lafayette County Courthouse
1001 Main Street
PO Box 357
Lexington, MO 64067
Phone: 660-259-4315
Lafayette County Website

County Recorder has marriage, divorce, probate, court and land records from 1821.[3]

Lafayette County, Missouri Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1910 1821 1910 1821 1821 1821 1830
Statewide registration started in 1910 for births and deaths. General compliance for births by 1927 and deaths by 1911.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

  • 1820 Lafayette County was created 16 November 1820 from Cooper County. The county was originally named Lillard County. Its name was changed in 1825 to Lafayette County.
  • County seat: Lexington[5]

For animated maps illustrating Missouri county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Missouri County Boundary Maps" (1804-1889) may be viewed for free at the website.

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places in Lafayette County, MO, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator.
The State Historical Society of Missouri has information on historical Missouri place names for all 114 Missouri Counties.
The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[6]

Unincorporated communities

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

  • Portrait and Biographical Record of Lafayette and Saline Counties, Missouri. 1893. Chicago : Chapman Bros. Available online at Google Books; Ancestry ($)

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Lafayette County, Missouri online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Missouri Cemeteries for more information

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1830 2,912
1840 6,815 134.0%
1850 13,690 100.9%
1860 20,098 46.8%
1870 22,623 12.6%
1880 25,710 13.6%
1890 30,184 17.4%
1900 31,679 5.0%
1910 30,154 −4.8%
1920 30,006 −0.5%
1930 29,259 −2.5%
1940 27,856 −4.8%
1950 25,272 −9.3%
1960 25,274 0.0%
1970 26,626 5.3%
1980 29,925 12.4%
1990 31,107 3.9%
2000 32,960 6.0%
2010 33,381 1.3%
Source: "".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Missouri denominations, view the Missouri Church Records wiki page.
List of Churches and Church Parishes

Immaculate Conception, Lexington

  • 1853-1876 Immaculate Conception, Lexington, Baptism Index 1853-1876. Batch C511831 at FamilySearch.[7]
  • 1853-1885 Immaculate Conception, Lexington, Marriage Index 1853-1885. Batch M511831 at FamilySearch.

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Missouri Land and Property for information about records of land transfers from the government to private ownership. After that transfer, transactions were usually recorded and are currently housed at the county courthouse.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Lafayette County, Missouri Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the Wiki page section Missouri Local Histories.

  • Lafayette County, Missouri, Excerpts from the 1877 Atlas. Available online at Ancestry ($)
  • Young's History of Lafayette County, Missouri. 2 Volumes. 1910. By William Young. Indianapolis, Ind.: B. F. Bowen. Vol 2 available online at FamilySearch

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Pettis CountySaline CountyJohnson CountyCass CountyJackson CountyClay CountyRay CountyCarroll CountyMO LAFAYETTE.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War[edit | edit source]

Online Records


Service men in Lafayette County, Missouri served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Lafayette County, Missouri:

- 5th Regiment, Missouri Cavalry - Confederate, Company A
- 5th Regiment, Missouri Cavalry - Confederate, Company C
- 2nd Battery, Missouri State Militia Artillery (Union), Company F
- 3rd Regiment, Missouri Infantry - Confederate, Company I
- 5th Provisional Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company I
- 69th Battalion, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company C
- 69th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company K
- 71st Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company A
- 71st Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company C
- 71st Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company D
- 71st Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company I
- 71st Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company B
- 71st Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company E

Civil War Battles
The following Civil War Battles was fought in Lafayette County:

  • Map showing Civil War battles in Missouri.

World War II[edit | edit source]

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

  • ($) has historical newspapers available on-line. Their database has Sedalia newspapers from the late 1800's and early 1900's that sometimes included Lafayette County residents.

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Probate records include wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. For further information, see United States Probate Records.

In Missouri, probate records have usually been recorded by the clerks of the probate courts, but in some counties the common pleas or circuit courts handled this function. They are frequently indexed.

Online Probate Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district. For more information see the wiki page Missouri Taxation.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths. For additional guidance on researching and using vital records, see United States Vital Records or How to order Missouri Vital Records.

St. Louis and Kansas City recorded births and deaths starting as early as 1850 for deaths and 1870 for births.  The Missouri Department of Health began keeping birth and death records in 1909. County records vary by year and the county. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Missouri Vital Records State Department of Health, the County Clerk's office or order electronically online.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

  • Harvey J. Higgins Historical Society
    2113 S. Main Street
    Higginsville, MO 64037
    Phone: 660-584-6474
  • Lafayette County Historical Society
    101 West Phillips
    Lexington, MO 64067

Websites[edit | edit source]

  • Missouri Digital Heritage. Free. digital images of many types of records from institutions across the State
  • MOGenWeb. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or complete transcriptions
  • USGenWeb Archives. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
  • FamilySearch Catalog . Free. - The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use Historical Records to search for specific individuals in genealogical records
  • RootsWeb resources. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
  • Linkpendium. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
  • CyndisList. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
  • StateofUS. Free. family history resources and government records
  • Missouri Genealogy. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Missouri. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "LaFayette, Missouri," in,_Missouri. accessed 9/11/2018
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Missouri. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Lafayette County, Missouri. Page 397-407 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 393-397.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Missouri. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Lafayette County, Missouri," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, Lafayette County Missouri, accessed Oct 2019.
  7. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at
  8. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 15 August 2012)
  9. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 15 August 2012)