Kraków Voivodeship, Poland Genealogy

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Go to the Wiki article Lesser Poland Voivodeship, Poland Genealogy for information, instruction, and important internet links that apply to the 1967 voivodeship of Kraków. The following explanation explains the relationship between Kraków and Lesser Poland.

Lesser Poland Voivodeship or Lesser Poland Province is a voivodeship (province), in southern Poland. It was created on 1 January 1999 out of the former Kraków, Tarnów, Nowy Sącz and parts of Bielsko-Biała, Katowice, Kielce and Krosno Voivodeships. The division of Lesser Poland along the Vistula river, which lasted from 1772 until 1918, is visible even today. For more than 100 years, southern Lesser Poland (Kraków, Tarnów, Biala Krakowska, and Nowy Sącz) was administered by Austria, while northern, larger part of the province (Częstochowa, Sosnowiec, Kielce, Radom, Lublin, Sandomierz) was forcibly part of the Russian Empire. In the 18th century, territories that later became part of the modern Polish regions of Lesser Poland Voivodeship, Subcarpathian Voivodeship and Silesian Voivodeship were added to Galicia. Even though Lesser Poland's countryside was almost exclusively Polish, its towns and cities were inhabited by numerous Jews, whose communities were very vibrant. In Kraków, Jews made 25% of the population, in Lublin – 31%, in Kielce – 30%, and in Radom – 32%. Source: Wikipedia, Lesser Poland Voivodeship