Japan Census Records - FamilySearch Historical Records

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Japan Census Records, 1661-1875
This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
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Record Description
Record Type: Census
Collection years: 1661-1875
Languages: Japanese
Title in the Language: 日本, 戸口調査, 1661-1875
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Toyama University Library, Nara Prefectural Library

What is in This Collection?[edit | edit source]

Records included in this collection are from Toyama University Library, in Toyama prefecture and Nara Prefectural Library. It includes census, village, land, and genealogical records spanning from 1325-1940. The census records included in this collection are called Shumoncho (宗門帳). The Shumoncho were created to check the religion of the villager in conjunction with a Christianity suppression law during the Edo period. Some records may have faded ink or water damage.

Image Visibility[edit | edit source]

Whenever possible FamilySearch makes images and indexes available for all users. However, rights to view these data are limited by contract and subject to change. Because of this there may be limitations on where and how images and indexes are available or who can see them. Please be aware some collections consist only of partial information indexed from the records and do not contain any images. For additional information about image restrictions see Restrictions for Viewing Images in FamilySearch Historical Record Collections.

To Browse This Collection[edit | edit source]

You can browse through images in this collection using the waypoints on the Collection Browse Page for Japan Census Records, 1661-1875.

Reading These Records[edit | edit source]

For help with reading these Japanese records, see the following resources:

What Can These Records Tell Me?[edit | edit source]

The following information may be found in these records:


  • Names of family members
  • Birth dates of family members
  • Ages of family members at the time of census
  • Sect affiliation

Collection Content[edit | edit source]

Sample Images[edit | edit source]

How Do I Search This Collection?[edit | edit source]

Before searching this collection, it is helpful to know:

  • Your ancestor's given name and surname
  • Identifying information such as residence

Search the Index[edit | edit source]

This collection does not have a searchable index. Only images are available. See View the Images to access them.

View the Images[edit | edit source]

View images in this collection by visiting the Browse Page.

  1. Select Prefecture (都道府県)
  2. Select County or City (郡又は市)
  3. Select Title (題名), Volume (巻), Page (頁), and Year (年) to view the images.

How Do I Analyze the Results?[edit | edit source]

Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log.

What Do I Do Next?[edit | edit source]

I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]

  • Add any new information to your records
  • Use the age to calculate a birth date
  • Continue to search the index and records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives
  • Titles may be clues to property ownership, occupations, rank, or status within the community

I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking For, What Now?[edit | edit source]

  • Check for variant spellings of the names
  • When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct

Research Helps[edit | edit source]

The following articles will help you in your research for your family in Japan.

Citing This Collection[edit | edit source]

Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.

Collection Citation:
The citation for this collection can be found on the Collection Details Page in the section Citing this Collection.
Image Citation:
When looking at an image, the citation is found on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen.