Hopi Tribe

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Hopi Women -Edward S Curtis Collection People 054.jpg

Tribal Headquarters[edit | edit source]

Hopi Tribe
PO Box 123
Kykotsmovi, AZ 86039
Phone: 928-734-2441

A federally recognized tribe, the Hopi Indians live on the Hopi reservation surrounded by the Navajo reservation in northeastern Arizona. The Hopi are also known as "Moki" and "Moqui," both which are considered demeaning terms.The Hopi call themselves "Hopituh Shi-nu-mu," meaning "The Peaceful People" or "Peaceful Little Ones." Like many Native American tribes, the Hopi are organized into clans, focusing on the matrilineal lines will help those searching for Hopi ancestors.

History[edit | edit source]

Reservation[edit | edit source]

  The Hopi Indian Reservation is a federally-recognized reservation, located in northern Arizona. Today, the Hopi reservation is located in part in Coconino and Navajo county. It consists of about 1.5 million acres and is made of about 12 villages located on three mesas.

  • Reservation Established -- December 16, 1882
  • BIA Agency -- Hopi Indian Agency
  • Principal tribes -- Hopi Indian Tribe
  • Population -- 1969: Tribal enrollment: 6,000 [1]

Brief Timeline[edit | edit source]

  • 1583: Spanish explorer, Antonio de Espejo
  • 1598: Juan de Onate and men, had the Hopi swear allegiance to the Spanish Crown
  • 1629: First missionaries encountered the tribe
  • 1680: Pueblo Rebellion occurred when the Spanish tried to eliminate all Kachina worship.
  • 1700: Hopi traditionalist killed all the Christian men in Awatovi and destroyed the village. Many living in Awatovi had converted to Catholic faith.
  • 1856: Hopi affairs administered by an Indian Agent stationed at Fort Defiance, New Mexico Territory
  • 1874: First boarding school established in Keams Canyon.
  • 1882: Hopi Reservation established
  • 1887: Hopi Agency Headquarters established at Keams Canyon, which derives its name from Thomas V. Keams who operated a trading post in the canyon until 1889 when he slold his building to the U.S. Government.

Records[edit | edit source]

Land Records: All land is tribally owned.

Records at tribal headquarters are for currently enrolled tribal members. Records may include: allotments, annuities, enrollments, employees, courts, leases, police registers, registers of families, and vital records. These records vary from tribe to tribe. Find the older and most useful records for family history research at the BIA Agency for the tribe, or at the National Archives.

For Further Reading[edit | edit source]

The majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies. Some records may be available to tribal members through the tribal headquarters.They were (and are) the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:

Agencies[edit | edit source]

Hopi Agency

Contact[edit | edit source]

Hopi Tribe
P.O. Box 123
Kykotsmovi, AZ 86039
Phone: 1.928.734.3100
Fax: 1.928.734.6665

The Official Website of the Hopi Tribe

Hopi-Navajo Land Dispute[edit | edit source]

Executive Order 11829: The Hopi-Navajo Land Settlement Inter-agency Committee (signed 6 Jan 1975)
Executive Order 11853: Amended Executive Order No. 11829, relating to the Hopi-Navajo Land Settlement Inter-agency Committee (signed 17 Apr 1975)

"A Hopi (Moqui) petition signed by all the Chiefs and headmen of the tribe asking the Federal Government to give them title to their lands instead of individually allotting each tribal member" held at the National Archives: Letters Received, 1881-1907; Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, 1793-1989; Records Group 75

Sheridan, Thomas."The Hopi History Project:Where 21st-Century Hopis Meet 16th-Century Spaniards" Annotation Vol. 31, No.1 (March 2003)

Hopi Tribe

First Mesa

  • Waalpi (Walpi)
  • Sitsomovi (Sichomovi)
  • Hanoki (Hano or Tewa)

Second Mesa

  • Songoopavi (Shungopovi or Shongopavi)
  • Musangnuvi (Mishongnovi)
  • Sipawlavi (Shipaulovi)

Third Mesa

  • Orayvi (Oraibi)
  • Hoatvela (Hotevilla)
  • Paaqavi (Bakabi or Bacavi)
  • Munqapi (Upper and Lower Moenkopi/Moencopi)
  • Kiqotsmovi (Kykotsmovi)

The Hopi Tribe was under the jurisdiction of the Arizona Superintendency

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Indian Census Roll[edit | edit source]

  • Roll 188: Hopi, 1924-26 (FHL 576877)
  • Roll 189: Hopi and Navajo Indians, 1927-29 (FHL 576878)
  • Roll 190: Hopi and Navajo Indians, 1930 (FHL 576879)
  • Roll 191: Hopi and Navajo Indians, 1931 (FHL 576880)
  • Roll 192: Hopi and Navajo Indians, 1932 (with birth and death rolls, 1925-31) (FHL 576881)
  • Roll 193: Hopi and Navajo Indians, 1933 (FHL 576882)
  • Roll 194: Hopi and Navajo Indians, 1934-36 (FHL 576883)
  • Roll 195: Hopi, 1937-39 (FHL 576884)
  • Roll 272: Navajo (Moqui Pueblo, or Hopi, and Navajo Indians), 1885 (with 1891 general schedule, and letter, 1898) (FHL 579682)
  • Roll 640: Western Navajo (Hopi Indians and Navajo and Paiute Indians for 1929), 1905 (letter), undated Hopi roll, 1915-20, 1922, 1923 (letter), 1924-27, 1929. (FHL 583099)
  • Roll 641: Navajo, Hopi and Paiute Indians, 1930 (FHL 583100)
  • Roll 642: Navajo, Hopi and Paiute Indians, 1931 (FHL 583101)
  • Roll 643: Navajo, Hopi and Paiute Indians, 1932 (FHL 583102)
  • Roll 644: Navajo, Hopi, and Paiute Indians, 1933 (with birth and death rolls, 1925-33) (FHL 583103)
  • Roll 645: Navajo, Hopi, and Paiute Indians, 1934-35 (FHL 583104)

Enrollment[edit | edit source]

For those interested in becoming an enrolled member of the Hopi Tribe, contact:

Hopi Office of Enrollment
Kykotsmovi, Arizona 86039

Hopi Tribe Website in regards to enrollment

Record Group 75: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs[edit | edit source]

  • 75.5.1: Records of the Office of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs: Textual Records. This contains records relating to the Hopi-Navajo land dispute, 1969-72.
  • 75.6.9: Records of the Phoenix, AZ, Area Office:Textual Records (In Denver).This contains contracts, policies, and plans of operations for the Colorado River, Hopi, Nevada, Papago, Pima, San Carlos, and otheragencies, 1941-63.
  • 75.19.46:Records of the Hopi Indian Agency, AZ:Textual Records (in Los Angeles). This contains letters sent, 1910-12. Journal of agency activities ("Office Diaries"), 1911-16. Central subject files, 1926-56. Letters sent regarding supplies and property, 1911-14. Employee appraisal reports, 1911-13.Individual Indian money (IIM) ledgers, 1936-51.Census schedule of the Hopi Indians of Western Navajo Agency and related records, 1922-24. Register of pupils, 1907-11.

School Records[edit | edit source]

United States:Bureau of Indian Affairs:Hopi Agency.School Records, 1937, 1950-51. (FHL film 1249787)

Important Websites[edit | edit source]

For Further Reading[edit | edit source]


  • Adams, David W.  "Schooling the Hopi: Federal Indian Policy Writ Small, 1887-1917." Pacific Historical Review 48, no. 3 (August 1979): 335-356.
  • Seaman, P. David. P. David Seaman Collection. 1974. WorldCat 70069014
  • James, Harry Clebourne. Pages from Hopi History. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1974. WorldCat 1147918
  • Bernardini, Wesley. Hopi History in Stone: The Tutuveni Petroglyph Site. Tucson: Arizona State Museum, University of Arizona, 2009. WorldCat 320972410
  • Ellis, Florence Hawley. The Hopi: Their History and Use of Lands. Albuquerque, N. Mex: University of N. Mexico, 1970. WorldCat 2215137
  • Eggan, Fred. The Kinship System of the Hopi Indians. Chicago, Ill: Distributed by the University of Chicago Libraries, 1936. WorldCat 27638341
  • Bowen, Jeff. Western Navajo Reservation Navajo, Hopi and Paiute Indians Birth and Death Rolls, 1925-1933. Signal Mountain, Tenn: Mountain Press, 1996. WorldCat 37701175
  • Bowen, Jeff. 1932 Hopi and Navajo Native American Census: With Birth and Death Rolls. Hixson, TN: Bowen Genealogy, Native American Research and Publications, 1997. WorldCat 37813701
  • Clinton-Tullie, Verna. Research of the Navajo-Hopi Tobacco Clan of Finger Point-Star Mountain of Teesto Chapter Community and Polacca, Awatovi and Sichomovi of First Mesa. Window Rock, Ariz.?: s.n, 1981. WorldCat 20972675
  • Clinton-Tullie, Verna. The Tobacco People from Awatovi. Window Rock, Ariz.?: s.n, 1981. WorldCat 20972475
  • United States. Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940. Hopi. Washington, D.C.: The Bureau, 1924. WorldCat 34771986
  • United States. Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940. Moapa River ; Moqui. Washington, [D.C.]: National Archives, 1965. WorldCat 44389251
  • New Mexico State Records Center and Archives. New Mexico archives: facsimiles of manuscripts at Santa Fe. 1621. WorldCat 710854513
  • Wilson, William Albert. Brigham Young University student fieldwork collection. 1968. WorldCat 455734111

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Confederation of American Indians (New York, New York), Indian Reservations: a State and Federal Handbook (Jefferson, North Carolina : McFarland, 1986), ???. At various repositories (WorldCat); FHL Book 970.1 In2.