Heraklion County, Greece Genealogy

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Guide to Heraklion County ancestry, family history and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records.

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History[edit | edit source]

Heraklion is one of the four regional units of Crete and the capital is the city of Heraklion.

Heraklion (Wikipedia)

Geography[edit | edit source]

Heraklion (Greek: Περιφερειακή ενότητα Ηρακλείου) is one of the four regional units of Crete. The capital is the city of Heraklion. The regional unit of Heraklion borders on the regional units of Rethymno to the west and Lasithi to the east. Farmlands are situated in the central and the northern parts, at the coast and in valleys. The mountains dominate the rest of the regional unit, notably the south. The main mountains are parts of Ida or Idi Mountains to the west and Asterousia in the south. The regional unit includes the island of Dia to the north.The Heraklion prefecture (Greek: Νομός Ηρακλείου) was created in 1915, after Crete joined with the rest of Greece. As a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the regional unit Heraklion was created out of the former prefecture Heraklion. The prefecture had the same territory as the present regional unit. At the same time, the municipalities were reorganized, according to the table below. Heraklion, Wikipedia

Municipalities[edit | edit source]

Most of the research you do will be at the municipality level, by contacting the Mayor's Office of the municipality.

New municipality Old municipalities
2. Archanes-Asterousia Archanes
Nikos Kazantzakis
7. Faistos Zaros
4. Gortyna Gortyna
Agia Varvara
1. Heraklion
Nea Alikarnassos
8. Hersonissos
Malia (city)
5. Malevizi Gazi
6. Minoa Pediada Arkalochori
3. Viannos Viannos

Heraklion municipalities.png

Villages[edit | edit source]

Municipal Archives[edit | edit source]

Quite comprehensive records for your family, perhaps for several generations, are kept by the mayor's office of each municipality. Civil registers of birth, marriage, and death since 1925 are kept there. In addition, an important record, unique to Greece, the Dimologion is similar to a "family group record". Census records, contracts, and other records can be found.

Information About Important Records in Municipality Archives[edit | edit source]

Click on the links for an explanation on the types of records you will look for at the municipality level.

Writing to Municipal Archives[edit | edit source]

Greek National Archives, and County Archives[edit | edit source]

  • The Greek National Archives (GAK or GSA) has a central office in Athens, and local offices throughout Greece. These offices have copies of Male Registers, Town (Resident) Registers, School Records, and other documents of interest to family historians. Civil registers are not preserved in the Central Service (CS). Some records are online. Others are not online, but the staff will search them for you upon request.

Central Archive[edit | edit source]

General State Archives (GSC)
Dafni 61
15452 Psychiko

Phone:+30 210-6782200
FAX:+30 210-6782215

Nomos Heraklion
Monastery Kardiotissa 30
71202 Heraklion
P.O. 1274


Writing to Archives[edit | edit source]

Again, not all records will be online. You can write and request searches for records. Instructions, form letters, and their translations are found here.

Greek Orthodox Church Records[edit | edit source]

Important Church Records[edit | edit source]

  • Book of Births: date of birth, place of birth, gender, name, surname, father’s name, date of baptism, godfather and priest, notes
  • Book of Marriages: date of marriage, groom’s name, groom’s age, groom’s father’s name, groom’s mother’s name, bride’s name, bride’s age, bride’s father’s name, bride’s mother’s name, priest, place of birth, notes
  • Book of Deaths: date of death, name of the deceased, father’s name, age, notes

Writing to a Diocese[edit | edit source]

Records may be either at the diocese archives or still at the local parish church. Usually only the most recent records are still at the parish.

Information on addressing the letter, enclosing money, and a form letter in Greek, with its English translation are found in this .pdf:

How to Read the Records[edit | edit source]

You do not have to be fluent in Greek to read and understand these records! Only a few vocabulary words are involved. True, the alphabet is different. But you learned one alphabet, and you can learn another alphabet!