Help:Wiki University Wikitext--References/Footnotes

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Other Coding Options

Additional Helps

What are References/Footnotes[edit | edit source]

References are a very useful way to reference sources of information on a page.

  • Necessary if you are copying and pasting information from Wikipedia or other sources.
  • Necessary if you are even paraphrasing from another source and it is obvious that you got the information from somewhere else.
  • References to other sites that would give additional information.
  • Useful for adding information that might give additional insights but not necessary to display in the article itself.

Creating references[edit | edit source]

  • They are included within an opening and closing reference tag:
<ref> ..... </ref>

  • These tags are placed after the word or item on the page you want to reference, like so:
Abraham Lincoln <ref>16th President of the United States</ref> served in office between 1861–1865.
  • They will show in the text as a small number with brackets in blue like so:
Abraham Lincoln[1] served in office between 1861–1865.
  • Clicking on the number will take you to wherever you have placed the reference in the article.
  • When you click on the reference, it will return you to the location on the page where you placed the reference. They are both internal links
  • They can be of any length.

Sample references[edit | edit source]

Here is a sample of coding citing Wikipedia as a source.

<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Waterloo, Ontario," in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,'', accessed 14 June 2017.</ref>

Here is the reference as it will appear at the bottom of the page:

Wikipedia contributors, "Waterloo, Ontario," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,, accessed 14 June 2017.
  • NOTICE - subject of your search in Wikipedia is between the quotation marks: "Waterloo, Ontario."
  • NOTICE - "Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia" is in italics.
  • NOTICE - the external link to the article in Wikipedia where the information was accessed.
  • NOTICE - the date the information was placed in the FamilySearch Wiki.

Other kinds of References[edit | edit source]

There are many other forms of references. Check these sites for additional information.

Placing of the references on the page[edit | edit source]

References are normally placed at the bottom of the Wiki page before the NAVBOX using the following tag:


NOTE: Be sure to create a header ==References== if there is not one already there. This is the coding:


Try these out[edit | edit source]

  • Take our Lorem ipsum paragraph and place three made up references in it:
    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Donec sit amet iaculis metus. Pellentesque habitant morbi tristique senectus et netus et malesuada fames ac turpis egestas. Fusce elementum efficitur faucibus. Curabitur eleifend quis ligula ac ullamcorper. Curabitur eget suscipit turpis.
  • Place the references at the bottom of your homework page.

Quick Quiz
  • References can only be so long.
A. True
B. False
  • References will only show up at the bottom of the page.
A. True
B. False
  • References are only for book and page numbers.
A. True
B. False
  1. 16th President of the United States