Help:Wiki University Wikitext--Div Tag - Introduction

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An alternative to the P-tag[edit | edit source]

  • You have learned that text can be placed on pages simply by the "copy-and-paste" technique.
  • You also learned that you can separate text, particularly sentences and paragraphs, using the 'enter' key or line breaks: <br>.
  • However, you cannot add attributes to line breaks.
  • To deal with adding attributes, you learned about using the paragraph tag or P-tags: <p>Lorem ipsum …..</p>.

We are now going to talk about a tag equivalent to the P-tag called the DIV-tag.

Div tags[edit | edit source]

<div>
  • DIV-tags are used far more frequently than paragraph tags and the real workhorse of the FamilySearch Wiki.
  • The “div” stands for “division” and means a division or part of a page.
  • It looks just a like a paragraph tag: <div>Lorem ipsum …..</div>
  • Use div tags to add attributes and if you want to have the paragraphs right next to each other; i.e. with no built-in spaces between paragraphs.

Div tags are containers[edit | edit source]

  • Div tags can be looked upon as containers.
  • Like P-tags, whatever attributes applied between the opening <div> and closing </div> tag will not affect the other parts of the page.
  • You can compare div tags to a box of bottles. You can rearrange bottles in a box but it will not affect bottles in other boxes.

How div tags affect paragraphs[edit | edit source]

  • So let's put two paragraphs on a page using div tags with different background colors and see how they appear on the page:
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Donec sit amet iaculis metus. Pellentesque habitant morbi tristique senectus et netus et malesuada fames ac turpis egestas. Fusce elementum efficitur faucibus. Curabitur eleifend quis ligula ac ullamcorper. Curabitur eget suscipit turpis.
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Donec sit amet iaculis metus. Pellentesque habitant morbi tristique senectus et netus et malesuada fames ac turpis egestas. Fusce elementum efficitur faucibus. Curabitur eleifend quis ligula ac ullamcorper. Curabitur eget suscipit turpis.

  • Here is the coding:
<div style="background-color:lightgreen">Lorem ipsum ...</div>
<div style="background-color:lightgray ">Lorem ipsum ...</div>

  • NOTICE that one border of the two paragraphs is touching.

Html7.jpg

You can apply all the attributes we have learned so far in div tags.

Try these out[edit | edit source]

Tests.gif
Exercises
  • Copy and paste our lorem ipsum paragraphs twice with the first one with a background color of "moccasin" and the second one with a color "crimson," both with a padding of 20 pixels, but using div tags instead of paragraph tags:


Quick Quiz
  • The div tag and paragraph tag function the same way.
A. True
B. False
  • The attributes work the same way in the div tag as in the paragraph tag
A. True
B. False
  • Div tags put spaces between paragraphs
A. True
B. False