Hardeman County, Tennessee Genealogy

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Guide to Hardeman County, Tennessee ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


County Facts
County seat: Bolivar[1]
Organized: October 16, 1823
Parent County(s): Chickasaw Indian Lands[2]
Neighboring Counties
Alcorn (MS)  • Benton (MS)  • Chester  • Fayette  • Haywood  • McNairy  • Madison  • Tippah (MS)
See County Maps
Courthouse
Hardeman County Court House Bolivar Tennnessee.jpg
Location Map
Location of Hardeman County, Tennessee.PNG
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County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named for Thomas J. Hardeman (1788-1854), a veteran of the Creek War and War of 1812 and a prominent figure in the fight for Texas independence. He served as a congressman in the Republic of Texas. The County is located in the southwest area of the state. [3]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Hardeman County Courthouse
100 N Main Street;
Bolivar, TN 38008-2322
County Courthouse Phone: 901-658-3541
County Clerk Phone: 731-658-3541
Register's of Deeds Phone: 731-658-3476
Chancery Court Clerk Phone: 731-658-3142

County Clerk has marriage and probate records from 1823
Register of Deeds has land records. [4]

County Pronunciation

  1. Hear it spoken[5] (female)
  2. Hear it spoken[6] (female)

Hardeman County, Tennessee Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[7]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1881 1823 1881 1823 1820 1823 1810
Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1914. General compliance by 1927.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

1864 Fire damaged records, but most are complete.[8] [9]

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

  • 1823--Hardeman County was created 16 October 1823 from Chickasaw Indian Lands.
  • County seat: Bolivar[10]

For animated maps illustrating Tennessee county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Tennessee County Boundary Maps" (1777-1985) may be viewed at the MapofUS.org website.

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[11]

Cities
Towns
Unincorporated communities


History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Additional Information
West Tennessee county. Established 1823.

The county is named after "Thomas Jones Hardeman, Creek War and War of 1812 soldier, later a member of the Republic of Texas legislature."[12]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

All of the family biographies from the History of Hardeman County, Tennessee (1887) by Goodspeed are available online at My Genealogy Hound.

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

  • Miller, Alan N. West Tennessee's Forgotten Children: Apprentices from 1821 to 1889. Baltimore, Md.: Printed for Clearfield Company, Inc., by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2006. FHL US/CAN 976.8 U2man. Includes Hardeman County.

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Hardeman County, Tennessee online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Tennessee Cemeteries for more information.

 

Additional Cemetery Resources

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1830 11,655
1840 14,563 25.0%
1850 17,456 19.9%
1860 17,769 1.8%
1870 18,074 1.7%
1880 22,921 26.8%
1890 21,029 −8.3%
1900 22,976 9.3%
1910 23,011 0.2%
1920 22,278 −3.2%
1930 22,193 −0.4%
1940 23,590 6.3%
1950 23,311 −1.2%
1960 21,517 −7.7%
1970 22,435 4.3%
1980 23,873 6.4%
1990 23,377 −2.1%
2000 28,105 20.2%
2010 27,253 −3.0%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, and 1940 federal population censuses of Hardeman County are available online. For tips on accessing census records online, see Tennessee Census. If you're having trouble finding your ancestors in online indexes, try checking printed indexes. Created by local experts familiar with the area's families, these indexes are often transcribed more accurately than nationwide online indexes.

See Tennessee Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book for more information about statewide printed indexes.

See Hardeman County, TN census assignments, including links to transcribed files. The USGenWeb Census Project®

1810-1891

1840 Pensioners

1850-1860

  • Free African Americans Enumerated in the 1850 & 1860 Hardeman County, Tennessee Census. website.

1880

  • Cox, Harold R., Davidson, Faye Tennyson and Owens, Fae Jacobs 1880 U.S. census transcriptions, Hardeman County, Tennessee Tennessee R.H. Cox, 1993 FHL US/CAN Book 976.828 X29
  • Sistler, Barbara 1880 Census, Hardeman County, Tennessee Nashville, Tennessee B. Sistler and Associates, 2001 FHL US/CAN Book 976.828 X2

1891 Male Voters

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Law and Legislation

  • Tennessee State Library and Archives, Acts of Tennessee 1796-1850: Index to Names. January 25, 2005. In addition to creating new laws, legislative acts were often required to obtain a divorce, grant legitimacy to a child, or for appointments to or grant payments for public service. The TSLA has created an index to names that appear in these acts covering the years 1796 to 1850. To read more about this valuable resource Click here. The searchable index is available at the TSLA; another version is available at World Vital Records.

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

African Americans

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

DNA has been collected from men claiming descent from the following Hardeman County residents. Attempts have not been made to verify the lineages of those tested.

  • Brown - Descendant of Thomas G. Brown, resident of Hardeman County, Tennessee ca. 1824. Y-DNA 37 Marker Test, FTDNA (Kit 69285). Genetic signature available online (labeled Group No. 2), genealogical description available online, courtesy: Brown/Browne/Braun DNA Study. Several matches have been found.
  • Gray - Descendant of Hugh Gray, resident of Hardeman County, Tennessee ca. 1836-1860+. YDNA 37 Marker Test, FTDNA (Kits 90357 and156226). Hugh Gray was born ca. 1802 in Tennessee.

Family Histories

  • As of August 2010, a query for persons born in Hardeman, Tennessee at World Connect, results in more than 25,000 entries.
  • Hardeman County Tennessee: Family History. 2 vols. Paducah, Ky.: Turner Pub. Co., 2001. FHL US/CAN Book 976.828 D2h v. 2. [FHL has Vol. 2 only]
  • Armour - Armour, Quinnie. Armour Genealogy: James Armour and His Descendants. Bolivar, Tenn.: Q. Armour, 1972. FHL FAM HIST Book 929.273 Ar55a.
  • Babb - Babb, Ernest Lloyd. Babb Families of Hardeman County, Tennessee. Memphis, Tenn.: E.L. Babb, 1988. FHL FAM HIST Book 929.273 B113ba.
  • Bell - Lewis, Leroy Carlisle. William Samuel Bell of Tennessee, Texas and Arkansas: A Genealogical Survey and Historical Record of His Life and the Lives of His Descendants and His Ancestors. Searcy, Arkansas: L.C. Lewis, 1987. FHL FAM HIST Book 929.273 B413LLc.
  • Brint - Jones, Louise Brint and Glenda Waters Harden. Our Brint Family History: Their Descendants and Allied Families. Murray, Utah: Roylance Publishing, 1993. FHL FAM HIST Book 929.273 B772jL.
  • Chandler - Chandler, Annamae Barber, Philip A. Gowan, and John R. Rossell. Discovering Chandler Lines, 1474-1996, in Tennessee Death Records, 1908-1944. Seattle, Washington: ABChandler, 1996. FHL FAM HIST Book 929.273 C361ch.
  • Cooper - Clark, Richard Charles. The History and Family Tree of Stephen Brannan, Thomas T. Cooper, and William Hughes, 1786-1993. Chino Valley, Arizona: R.C. Clark, 1993. FHL FAM HIST Book 929.273 B735c.
  • Corley - McMaster, Phyllis Olewine and Gerald B. Corley. The Descendants of John W. Corley of Hardeman County, Tennessee: Including Allied Family Lines of Carl, Dick, Hudson, McMaster, and Thompson. Huntington Beach, Calif.: G.B. Corley, 1989. FHL FAM HIST Book 929.,273 C813mc.
  • Davis - Wiley Jarrett Davis - Mary Ann Tedford Family Bible Record: Pocahontas-Hardeman County Tennessee. Typescript. FHL FAM HIST Book 929.273 D299wj.
  • Derryberry - Williams, John T. The John Wesley C. Derryberry Family, ca. 1800-1973. MSS., microfilmed in 1983. FHL US/CAN Fiche 6019288.
  • Derryberry - Graziano, Eugene Edward and Freida Mullen Graziano. The Andrew Derryberry, Sr., (bef. 1780) Family Line: A Genealogy Including Individuals Related through Marriage ... Goleta, Calif.: E. & F.M. Graziano, 1999. FHL FAM HIST Book 929.273 D448g.
  • Fowler - Arthur, Glenn Dora Fowler (Mrs. James Joyce Arthur).Annals of the Fowler family, with branches in Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Kentucky, Alabama, Mississippi, California, and Texas. Austin, Texas, published by the author, 1901. Free digital copy.
  • Gatewood - Gatewood, Timothy Arnold. The Gatewood Tree: A Newsletter of the Gatewoods of the Mid-South (Tennessee, Mississippi, Arkansas) & Surrounding States, and Those Descended from Gatewoods of the Mid-South. 1993. FHL FAM HIST Book 929.27305 G223gt.
  • Hardeman - Wilson, Francis W. The Hardeman Impact on Early Texas History. Luling, Texas: F.W. Wilson, 1986. FHL FAM HIST Book 929.273 H217w.
  • Harris - Timmons, Nancy Harris. Heritage of the Harris Family. St. Helens, Oregon: Star West Images Small Press, 1996. FHL FAM HIST Book 929.273 H24t.
  • Holman - Holman Family Records. Unknown: Unknown, 2001. Available at Heritage Quest Online ($).
  • Hudson - McMaster, Phyllis Olewine. Hudsons of Hardeman County, TN. Albany, Ore.: P. McMaster, 1985. FHL FAM HIST Book 929.273 H867m.
  • Keller - Sherfey, Steven Keller. The Kellers and Teagues of Hardeman County, Tennessee. Scottsboro, Ala.: S.K. Sherfey, 1985. FHL FAM HIST Book 929.273 K282s.
  • Lawrence - Land, Barbara. The Descendants of Samuel Prevo: Six Generations: The Descendants of John Bryant, Four Generations: The Descendants of Abraham Lowrance. Ukiah, Calif.: B. Land, 2005. FHL FAM HIST Book 929.273 P929Lb.
  • Neal - Neal, William D. Descendants of J.C. Neal, 1800-1965. "Successor to the original volume: The Jesse C. Neal Family, compiled by Charles A. Neal, 1949." FHL US/CAN Film 2366276 Item 4.
  • Notgrass - Woodbury, Harry and Peter F. Woodbury. The John C. Woodbury and Thomas Notgrass Families of West Tennessee, 1830-1982. Gulfport, Miss.: H. Woodbury, 1982. FHL FAM HIST Book 929.273 W852wha.
  • Seaton - Katheder, Thomas. "Seaton of Fauquier County, Virginia," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 44, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 2000):83-102. Digital version at American Ancestors ($). FHL Book 975.5 B2vg.
  • Teague - Sherfey, Steven Keller. The Kellers and Teagues of Hardeman County, Tennessee. Scottsboro, Ala.: S.K. Sherfey, 1985. FHL FAM HIST Book 929.273 K282s.
  • Wharton - Wharton, Richard. Richard Wharton papers, 1863-1906. Book contributor: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. A diary, letters and other writings including his service in the Confederate Army , letters relating to family matters, a genealogy of the Wharton family, poems and speeches. Free digital copy.

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Hardeman County Register of Deeds has Land Records from 1820 and is located at Courthouse, 100 N. Main St., Bolivar, TN 38008-2322; Telephone: (731) 658-3541. Land and property records include transfer of real estate or personal property, mortgages, leases, surveys, and entries.
The Family History Library has microfilm copies of Hardeman County deed records 1822-1891, with indexes 1822-1902; Land survey and entry books 1820-1901; and petitions 1840-1900, with indexes 1849-1900.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Haywood CountyMadison CountyChester CountyMcNairy CountyFayette CountyAlcorn CountyTippah CountyBenton CountyTN HARDEMAN.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Revolutionary War
The following Hardeman County Revolutionary War records are available online through TNGenWeb:

Additional resources include:

War of 1812

Civil War

Online Records

Regiments. Men in Hardeman County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (part of a large regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Hardeman County:

Confederate Soldiers

Additional sources for Civil War soldiers from Hardeman County:

Civil War Battle
The following Civil War battle was fought in Hardeman County:

Map showing Civil War battles fought in Tennessee.

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Many Tennessee newspapers are filmed and available at the TSLA. Most of these newspapers may be accessed by interlibrary loan to libraries within Tennessee, although there are some newspapers which are not available in or outside of Tennessee. For further information regarding interlibrary loan policies and newspapers not available for interlibrary loan click here. For a list of newspapers available at the archives for Hardeman County click on the following cities:

  • 1794-1851 - Lucas, Silas Emmett. Marriages from Early Tennessee Newspapers 1794-1851. Easley, S.C.: Southern Historical Press, 1978. FHL 976.8 V2L.

For deaths of Methodists in Hardeman County between the 1830s and the 1920s, try searching the following resources:

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Prisons[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Genealogical periodicals can contain unique sources and can be local, regional, or statewide. The following periodicals cover this county:

  • Harde-facts: "Harde-facts is a genealogical newsletter devoted to research in Hardeman County, TN. Its purpose is to promote interest in Hardeman County family history by providing information from county records, church records, Bibles, and family genealogies."
  • Family History Library has Numbers 1 - 37 and 50 (1984-1993) FHL US/CAN 976.828 D25h
  • Indexed in the PERiodical Source Index

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

The County Court has responsibility for the probate records of Hardeman County.

Online Records and Index


Book Abstracts and Indexes

  • 1823-1925 - Cox, R. Harold et al. Extract of Wills - Estate Settlements and Guardian Bonds of Hardeman County, Tennessee. Bolivar, Tennessee: R.H. Cox, 1993. Indexed. (FHL book 976.828/B1 P29c.)
  • 1824-1861 - Sistler, Byron and Barbara Sistler. Index to Tennessee Wills & Administrations 1779-1861. Nashville, Tenn. Byron Sistler & Associates, Inc., 1990. FHL US/CAN 976.8 P22s. Includes an index to this county's probate records.
  • 1824-1831 - Hardeman County Will Books Vol. 1-1824-1831. Simmons Historical Publications. Digital version at World Vital Records ($). Available for purchase at Simmons Historical Publications.
  • USGenWeb's Hardman County page has some wills and estate records.

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

The original Hardeman County Tax Books 1824-1880 are kept at the County Courthouse. In 1975, TSLA microfilmed these records. FHL copies: FHL US/CAN Films 989359-989361.

Book Abstracts and Indexes[14]

  • 1824 Tax List, 1824, Harde-facts, Issue 29 (Oct. 1990); Issue 30 (Jan. 1991); Issue 31 (Apr. 1991); Issue 32 (Jul. 1991).
  • 1836-1837 - Nazor, Mary Louise Graham. "1836 Map of Civil Districts, Hardeman County, Tennessee" and "Hardeman County, Tennessee 1836 and 1837 Tax Lists," Ansearchin' News, Vol. 37, No. 3 (Fall 1990):105-110; Vol. 37, No. 4 (Winter 1990):187-192; Vol. 38, No. 1 (Spring 1991):27-32; Vol. 38, No. 2 (Summer 1991):84-86. For access, see Hardeman.
  • 1836 "1836 Hardeman County, Tennessee Tax List Addenda," Ansearchin' News, Vol. 39, No. 2 (Summer 1992):62-63. For access, see Hardeman.
  • 1836-1837 - Brown, Albert. 1836 & 1837 Tax List, Hardeman Co., Tennessee. Bethel Springs, Tenn.: History & Genealogy, 1994. FHL US/CAN Book 976.828 R49b.
  • 1859, 1862 Thomas Camp Assessor's Book, 1859, 1862, Harde-facts, Issue 41 (Oct. 1994).
  • 1865-1896 - Holloway, Charlotte. "Hardeman County Voter Registers and Poll Lists," available online, courtesy: USGenWeb Archives. Not every year in the range is covered.
  • 1874 Taxpayers, 1874, Old Timer Press, Vol. 1, No. 9 (Mar. 1982).
  • 1879 Holloway, Charlotte. "Hardeman County TN - Misc - Taxes Collected 14 July 1879," available online, courtesy: USGenWeb Archives.
  • 1888 Holloway, Charlotte. "Hardeman County TN - Misc - Late Taxes for 1888," available online, courtesy: USGenWeb Archives.
  • 1889 Holloway, Charlotte. "Hardeman County TN - Misc - Taxes Due July 1, 1889," available online, courtesy: USGenWeb Archives.
  • 1894-1895 - Holloway, Charlotte. "Hardeman County TN - Misc - Taxes Collected [1894-1895]," available online, courtesy: USGenWeb Archives.
  • 1895 Holloway, Charlotte. "Hardeman County TN - Misc - Taxes Collected [on Businesses] 1895," available online, courtesy: USGenWeb Archives.
  • 1903 Holloway, Charlotte. "Hardeman County TN - Misc - Taxes Collected 1903," available online, courtesy: USGenWeb Archives.
  • 1924 Holloway, Charlotte. "Circuit Court Taxes Sept. 30 1924," available online, courtesy: RootsWeb.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Online Indexes and Records


Book Abstracts and Indexes

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

  • W.P.A. Guide to Public Vital Statistics in Tennessee. Nashville, Tenn.: The Tennessee Historical Records Survey, 1941. FamilySearch Digital Library;

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Hardeman County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Tennessee Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Hardeman County. For state-wide library facilities, see Tennessee Archives and Libraries.

Bolivar Hardeman County Library
213 N Washington St
Bolivar, TN 38008
Phone: 731-658-3436
Facebook

The Genealogy and Local History Room has cemetery records, census records, marriage records, minority records, newspapers, court records, etc.

Grand Junction Community Library
530 Madison Ave West
P.O. Box 751
Grand Junction, Tennessee 38039
Phone: 731-764-2716

Website Facebook.

The Grand Junction Community Library is located in Hardeman County on the border of Fayette County.

Lee Ola Roberts Public Library
140 W Main St
Whiteville, TN 38075
Phone: 731-254-8834
Facebook.

Middleton Community Library
100 Bolton Ave
Middleton, TN 38052
Phone: 731-376-0680
website Facebook

Museums[edit | edit source]

Chickasaw State Park
20 Cabin Lane
Henderson, TN 38340
Phone: 731-989-5141
website.

Little Courthouse Museum
215 E. Market Street
Bolivar, TN 38008
website Phone: 731-518-7148

The Pillars
322 South Washington Street
Bolivar, TN 38008
website Phone: 731-518-7148

Shiloh National Military Park
1055 Pittsburg Landing Road
Shiloh TN 38376
Phone: 731-689-5275 OR 731-689-5696
website

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Hardeman County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Tennessee Societies.
Hardeman County TN History, Photos, and Genealogy
Phone: 731-803-1960
Facebook

Hardeman County APDA
Association for the Preservation of Tennessee Antiquities
P.O. Box 148
Bolivar, TN 38008
Phone: 731-518-7148 or email at hardemancountyapta@gmail.com.
website

West Tennessee Historical Society
P.O. Box 111046
Memphis, TN 38111
Phone 901-475-6608
E-mail: efrank@memphis.edu
Website

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Tennessee.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Tennessee.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Hardeman, Tennessee" in https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hardeman_County,_Tennessee accessed 21 Dec 2018
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Tennessee.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Voice of Lynnae Weller, Kingsport, Tenn. (2010).
  6. Voice of Louise Lynch, Archivist, Williamson County, Tennessee Archives (2010).
  7. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Tennessee.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  8. Robert M. McBride, Tennessee County Data (Nashville, Tennessee: Tennessee States Library and Archives, 1966), 26.
  9. Lost Records: Courthouse Fires and Disasters in Tennessee in Tennessee State Library and Archives in Tennessee Secretary of State (accessed 13 March 2016).
  10. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002), 640. (FHL Book 973 D27e 2002). WorldCat entry.
  11. Wikipedia contributors, "Hardeman County, Tennessee," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hardeman_County,_Tennessee, accessed 16 November 2019.
  12. "List of counties in Tennessee," Wikipedia.
  13. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State.
  14. The Heritage Quest Online version of PERSI aided in the compilation of this list.
  15. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/images/d/d3/Igitennesseef.pdf.