Québec Births - What else you can try

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This page will give you additional guidance and resources to find birth information for your ancestor. Use this page after first completing the birth section of the Québec Guided Research page.

Additional online resources


Additional Databases and Online Resources

Online Images (Browsable Only)

Some collections have not been indexed but are available to search image by image.

To find more church records online, go to the FamilySearch Catalog and search for the smaller jurisdiction (parish, town, or city).

How to Request the Record When It's Not Online

Province-wide registration for births started in 1994. Before this, most vital records were copies of church records sent to government archives.
To learn more about record limitations and restrictions, see the article Quebec Vital Records.

To order civil birth records, contact:

Directeur de l'état civil
2535 Boulevard Laurier
Québec G1V 5C5
Phone: 1 418 644-0075
Email: etatcivil@dec.gouv.qc.ca
To learn more about the process of ordering civil records, see Certificates.

NOTE: Birth records are confidential after 1900. Only a person named on the certificate, immediate family, or a legal representative may order a birth certificate during this restricted period (see Restrictions for more details).

Substitute records


Additional Records with Birth Information

Substitute records may contain information about more than one event and are used when records for an event are not available. Records that are used to substitute for birth events may not have been created at the time of the birth. The accuracy of the record is contingent upon when the information was recorded. Search for information in multiple substitute records to confirm the accuracy of these records.

Use these substitute records to locate birth information about your ancestor:
Wiki Page
FamilySearch(FS) Collections
Why to search the records
Death Records
Quebec Death Guided Research
Until the 1990s, vital records were kept by churches (who then sent copies to government archives). Death records may include the birth date or age of the deceased. With the age, a birth date can be approximated. Click on the link to the left to return to the "Death" page.
Census Records
Canada Census FS Collections
Quebec can be found in Canada censuses from 1871 to 1921. Additionally, Quebec was included in the regional censuses of 1825, 1831, 1842, 1851, and 1861. Census records often give ages of the recorded individuals, allowing researchers to calculate birth years.
Cemetery Records
See Wiki Page
Gravestone inscriptions and cemetery records may include a birth date.
Church Records
See Wiki Page
Until the 1990s, vital records were kept by churches (who then sent copies to government archives). Baptism records occasionally provide a birth date. In addition, a death or burial record may include an age that can approximate a birth date. To find the correct church records, first determine the denomination. Many church records are available online (see above section).
See Wiki Page
In addition to obituaries, newspapers publish notices of marriages, divorces, deaths, and funerals. In recent years, birth notices have also been published providing the names of the parents and sex of the child.
See Wiki Page
Obituaries often include the birthdate and place of the deceased.

Improve searching


Tips for finding births

Successfully finding birth records in online databases depends on a few key points. Try the following search suggestions:

  • Spelling variations. Your ancestor's name may be misspelled. Search with spelling variations for the first and last name of your ancestor.
  • Search parents. Search for the parents, if known, as the child's first name may not be on the birth record.
  • Search given name. Search by given name (leave out the last name) with the approximate date of birth.
  • Add information. For common names, add more information to narrow the search such as approximate birth date or parent's names if known.
  • Date range. Expand the date range of the search by 5 years.
  • Search province. Search using the province name only instead of by smaller locality.

Why the record may not exist


Known Record Gaps

Records Start

  • 1679-1993 Vital records were recorded in churches (copies were sent to government archives).
  • 1926 Births could be registered with the government without church involvement.
  • 1994 Civil registration began.

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