Gilmer County, Georgia Genealogy

From FamilySearch Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Guide to Gilmer County, Georgia ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Ellijay
Organized: December 3, 1832
Parent County(s): Cherokee[1]
Neighboring Counties
Dawson  • Fannin  • Gordon  • Murray  • Pickens
See County Maps
Gilmer County, Georgia Courthouse.jpg
Location Map
Georgia Gilmer County Map.png

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named for George Rockingham Gilmer. The County is located in the north central area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Gilmer County Courthouse
1 Westside Square
Ellijay, GA 30540
Phone: 706-645-4361
Gilmer County Website

Probate Court has birth and death records from 1927, marriage records from 1835 and probate records.
Clerk of the Superior Court has divorce records from 1909, land records from 1833, military records from 1902 and court records from 1900.[3]

Gilmer County, Georgia Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Marriage Court Land Probate Census
1927 1835 1927 1900 1833 1833 1820
*Statewide registration of births and death began in 1919. General compliance for births by 1928 and deaths by 1922.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.[5]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

  • 1832--Gilmer County was created December 3, 1832 from Cherokee County.
  • County seat: Ellijay[6]

For animated maps illustrating Georgia county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Georgia County Boundary Maps" (1758-1932) may be viewed for free at the website.

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[7]

Unincorporated communities
  • Lucius
  • Mountaintown
  • New Hope
  • Oak Hill
  • Oakland
  • Protection
  • Quill
  • Rolston
  • Roundtop
  • Roy
  • Santaluca
  • Tails Creek
  • Tickanetley
  • Tioga
  • Whitestone
  • Yukon
Census-designated places
Ghost towns

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Gilmer, Georgia online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Georgia Cemeteries for more information

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1840 2,536
1850 8,440 232.8%
1860 6,724 −20.3%
1870 6,644 −1.2%
1880 8,386 26.2%
1890 9,074 8.2%
1900 10,198 12.4%
1910 9,237 −9.4%
1920 8,406 −9.0%
1930 7,344 −12.6%
1940 9,001 22.6%
1950 9,963 10.7%
1960 8,922 −10.4%
1970 8,956 0.4%
1980 11,110 24.1%
1990 13,368 20.3%
2000 23,456 75.5%
2010 28,292 20.6%
Source: "".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Georgia denominations, see the Georgia Church Records wiki page.
List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Georgia Land and Property for additional information about early Georgia land grants from the government. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions (generally buying and selling deeds) were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Gilmer County, Georgia Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Georgia Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Murray CountyGordon CountyPickens CountyFannin CountyLumpkin CountyDawson CountyGA GILMER.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

  • Georgia Military - USGenWeb Archives Project

Civil War

Online Records

Regiments. Service men in Gilmer County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Gilmer County:

- 11th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Companies D and F
- 23rd Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Company D
- 39th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Companies G and I
- 40th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Company I
- 60th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Company F
- 65th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate) , Companies A and H
- Georgia USGenWeb Archives Project
  • Ward, George Gordon. 1965. The annals of upper Georgia centered in Gilmer County. Carrollton, Ga: Printed by Thomasson Print. & Office Equipment Co. (page 607-611) 975.8 H2wg digital version
  • Stanley, Lawrence L. 1971. A rough road in a good land. [S.l: s.n.]. (page 68-73) 975.829 H2s
  • Ward, George Gordon. 1959. The history of Gilmer County, Georgia, 1833-1959. [S.l.]: Mann Film Laboratories. film 219523, 219524

Spanish-American War

World War I

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Voting Records

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Colonial courts kept some early probate records.  From 1777 to 1798 and since 1852, the court of ordinary or register of probates has kept probate and guardianship records.  The inferior court handled probate and guardianship matters from 1798 to 1852.

Many probate records to the 1930s and 1940s are at the Georgia Department of Archives and History and the Family History Library on microfilm.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (not all years).

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and all slaves up to age 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Georgia State Department of Health , the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online.

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Georgia.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Voter Records[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Gilmer County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Georgia Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Gilmer County. For state-wide library facilities, see Georgia Archives and Libraries.

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Gilmer County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Georgia Societies.

Gilmer County Historical Society
138 Spring St
Ellijay, Georgia 30540
Phone: 706-276-1861
Gilmer County Historical Society
Gilmer County Historical Society Facebook

Gilmer County Genealogy Society, Georgia
PO Box 919
Ellijay, Georgia 30540
Gilmer County Genealogy Society, Georgia
Gilmer County Genealogy Society, Georgia Facebook

Northwest Georgia Historical & Genealogical Society
Northwest Georgia Historical & Genealogical Society

Southern Appalachian Genealogy
Southern Appalachian Genealogy Facebook

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Georgia.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Gilmer County, Georgia" in,_Georgia accessed 31 Oct 2018
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Georgia.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Gilmer County, Georgia. Page 151-163 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 155-160.
  5. Paul K. Graham, Georgia Courthouse Disasters (Decatur, Georgia: Genealogy Co., 2013), 32. At various libraries (WorldCat).
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Georgia.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Gilmer County, Georgia," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,, accessed 16 Febuary 2019.
  8. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at