Federated States of Micronesia Languages

From FamilySearch Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Federated States of Micronesia Wiki Topics
Flag of the Federated States of Micronesia.svg.png
Beginning Research
Record Types
Federated States of Micronesia Background
Local Research Resources

Description[edit | edit source]

Micronesians speak English plus a native tongue. English is the official language of the government and of commerce.

There are eight main indigenous languages in the Federated States of Micronesia.

  • Chuukese (also known at Trukese) - spoken primarily on the islands of Chuuk. [1]
  • Kapingamarangi - closely related to the Nukuoro language. [2]
  • Kosraean (sometimes rendered Kusiaean) - spoken on the islands of Kosrea. [3]
  • Nukuoro - spoken on the Nukuoro Atoll and on Pohnpei [4]
  • Pohnpeian - spoken on the island of Pohnpei. [5]
  • Ulithian - spoken on Ulithi Atoll and neighboring islands. [6]
  • Woleaian - main language on the island of Woleai and surrounding smaller islands. [7]
  • Yapese - spoken by the people on the island of Yap. [8]

Other indigenous languages spoken by smaller numbers include:

  • Mortlockese - spoken on the Mortlock Islands. [9]
  • Pingelapese - spoken on Pingelap. [10]
  • Mokilese - spoken on Mwoakilloa. [11]
  • Puluwat - spoken on Poluwat. [12]
  • Pááfang - spoken on the Hll Islands. [13]
  • Namonuito - spoken on Namonuito Atoll. [14]
  • Ngatikese - spoken on Sapwuahfik Atoll. [15]
  • Satawalese - very similar to Mortlockese. [16]
  • Nguluwan - spoken on Nguluwan Atoll. [17]
  • Ngatikese Creole - spoken on the atoll of Sapwuahfik. [18]

NOTE: many elderly people are fluent in Japanese.

The records are in Spanish, German, English, or the native tongue, depending on the time period and the island or island group.[19]

Word List(s)[edit | edit source]

For word lists and help researching in Federated States of Micronesia records, see:

Word List in Native Languages:

Alphabet and Pronunciation[edit | edit source]

Pronunciation Examples

Language Aids and Dictionaries[edit | edit source]

Language Aids

Dictionaries

  • Ward Hunt Goodenough & Hiroshi Sugita, Trukese-English dictionary, Philadelphia : American Philosophical Society, 1990 - Available at WorldCat
  • Samuel H Elbert, Trukese-English and English-Trukese dictionary, Pearl Harbor, T. H.: United States Naval Military Government, 1947 - Available at WorldCat
  • Michael D Lieber & Kalio H Dikepa, Kapingamarangi lexicon, Honolulu: The Univ, Press of Hawaii, 1974 - Available at WorldCat
  • Samuel H Elbert & Kenneth P Emory, Grammar and comparative study of the language of Kapingamarangi, Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1978 - Available at WorldCat
  • Ki-dong Yi, Kusaiean-English dictionary, Honolulu : University Press of Hawaii, 1987 - Available at WorldCat
  • [Vern Carroll & Topias Soulik, Nukuoro lexicon, Honolulu Univ. Pr. of Hawaii, 1973 - Available at WorldCat
  • [Alan Burdick, Dictionary of the Ponapean language, n.p.: n.p., 1970 - Available at WorldCat
  • [Kenneth L Rehg & Damian G Sohl, Ponapean-English dictionary, Honolulu : University Press of Hawaii, 1979 - Available at WorldCat
  • Neil J Mellen & John A Hancock, Ulithian-English dictionary, Columbia, S.C. : Habele Outer Island Education Fund, 2010 - Available at WorldCat
  • Ho-min Sohn & Anthony F Tawerilmang, Woleaian-English dictionary, Honolulu : University Press of Hawaii, cep. 1976 - Available at WorldCat
  • John Thayer Jensen, Yapese-English dictionary, Ann Arbor, Mich. : UMI Out-of-Orint Books on Demand, 1990 - Available at WorldCat

Online Dictionaries

Additional Resources[edit | edit source]

  • Languages of the Federated States of Micronesia, Memphis, Tenn. : Books LLC, 2010 - Available at WorldCat
  • Osamu Sakiyama, Shiga Kenritsu Daigaku & Ningen Bunka Gakubu, Comparative and historical studies of Micronesian languages, Hikone, Shiga, Japan: School of Human Cultures, University of Shiga Prefecture, 2004 - Available at WorldCat
  • B. Grimes, Micronesian Languages, Oxford University Press - Available at WorldCat

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Chuukese language," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chuukese_language, accessed 20 March 2021.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Kapingamarangi language," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kapingamarangi_language, accessed 20 March 2021.
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Kosraean language," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kosraean_language, accessed 20 March 2021.
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "Nukuoro language," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nukuoro_language, accessed 20 March 2021.
  5. Wikipedia contributors, "Pohnpeian language," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pohnpeian_language, accessed 20 March 2021.
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Ulithian language," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ulithian_language, accessed 20 March 2021.
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Woleaian language," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Woleaian_language, accessed 20 March 2021.
  8. Wikipedia contributors, "Yapese language," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yapese_language, accessed 20 March 2021.
  9. Wikipedia contributors, "Mortlockese language," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mortlockese_language, accessed 20 March 2021.
  10. Wikipedia contributors, "Pingelapese language," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pingelapese_language, accessed 20 March 2021.
  11. Wikipedia contributors, "Mokilese language," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mokilese_language, accessed 20 March 2021.
  12. Wikipedia contributors, "Puluwat language," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Puluwat_language, accessed 20 March 2021.
  13. Wikipedia contributors, "Pááfang language," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/P%C3%A1%C3%A1fang_language, accessed 20 March 2021.
  14. Wikipedia contributors, "Namonuito language," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Namonuito_language, accessed 20 March 2021.
  15. Wikipedia contributors, "Ngatikese language," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ngatikese_language, accessed 20 March 2021.
  16. Wikipedia contributors, "Satawalese language," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Satawalese_language, accessed 20 March 2021.
  17. Wikipedia contributors, "Nguluwan language," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nguluwan_language, accessed 20 March 2021.
  18. Wikipedia contributors, "Ngatikese Creole," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ngatikese_Creole, accessed 20 March 2021.
  19. The Family History Department of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, “Family History Record Profile: Micronesia,” Word document, private files of the FamilySearch Content Strategy Team, 1987-2001.